Belgorod – What gives?

Belgorod city (Russia) | Фотографии
Belgorod city (Russia) | Фотографии

Who are the good guys and who are the bad guys?  Is there any truth in our media?  Is it really possible that governments are perpetrating false flag disasters on their own people to promote their agenda?  Are the Russians really standing for GOD and truth?  Are the Russians really the evil enemy we have been taught all our lives to fear?  Is Russia loosing the war?  Are the Russian pilots inept and ill trained?  Are Russian Weapons failing?  Badly designed?

Our crazy world is totally UPSIDE DOWN!  TOPSY TURVY.   GOOD IS SEEN AS EVIL AND EVIL IS SEEN AS GOOD.  Apparetnly, everything we ever learned has been a lie.  Our governments, our media even our pastors have been lying to us.  SO WHO DO WE TRUST AND WHAT SHOULD WE BELIEVE?

Some of my Christian friends have even said to me, “gosh, it looks like Putin is the good guy?”  People have stated that they felt Putin was standing up for God and Truth.  Seriously?

Most of us probably know very little about Russia.  It is difficult to discern when you have no evidence.  So, the Lord has been leading me on a discovery mission to uncover the TRUTH about Russia.  I am, as usual, going to share what God showed me and you make your own judgements, decisions accordingly.

Is Russia the Agressor?  Is Nato at fault?  Is Biden itching to go to war?  Is the Russian military totally inept?  Are their weapons inferior and flawed?  Is Putin Christian?  Is Russia standing for Christ?  Is Russia the King of the North?


April 19- May 1 Blood Sacrifice To The BeastFire sacrifice is required on April 19 is the first day of the 13-day Satanic ritual relating to firethe fire god, Baal, or Molech/Nimrod (the Sun God), also known as the Roman god, Saturn (Satan/Devil). This day is a major human sacrifice day, demanding fire sacrifice with an emphasis on children. This day is one of the most important human sacrifice days
April 19 Cerealia – Celebrates the beginning of the six vegetative months
April 21 Parilia – Honored the pastoral god and goddess Pales, goddess of shepherds observed by driving sheep/cattle through burning straw/bonfires. first celebrated by the early kings of Rome, later by the pontifex maximus, or chief priest. The Vestal Virgins opened the festival by distributing straw and the ashes and blood of sacrificial animals. Ritual cleaning, anointment, and adornment of herds and stalls followed, together with offerings of simple foods. The celebrants jumped over a bonfire three times to complete the purification, and an open-air feast ended the festival.  According to later tradition, April 21 was the day on which Romulus began building the city of Rome and was thus celebrated as the dies natalis of the cit / anniversary day of the city
April 21 -30 GRAND CLIMAX (thru Apr 30)
(Sexual and Blood Rituals)
Abduction, ceremonial preparation & holding of sacrificial victim for Walpurgisnacht
Oral, anal, and vaginal, and human sacrifice
April 22 Earth Day


April 22, 2023

In an unprecedented turn of events, the Russian Sukhoi-34 supersonic warplane accidentally fired a weapon, reportedly an aerial bomb, into Belgorod, located about 40 kilometers from Ukraine.

The incident, which occurred late on April 20, caused a massive explosionand injured about three people, with the actual number expected to be higher. The ordnance that accidentally fell on the Russian city left a 20-meter-deep crater and caused a massive explosion that blew a car onto a rooftop.   (right in the center of town, it is a miracle there were no deaths or serious injuries. But, there was FIRE!)

Video footage of the accident site showed several damaged cars, concrete piles on the street, and a building with broken windows. The incident caused a deep-seated panic among the residents of the city.

Governor of the Belgorod area, Vyacheslav Gladkov, declared a state of emergency overnight stating that there were damages to four cars and four residential structures. “Thank God there are no dead,” he said in a statement on Telegram, adding that an apartment building had been evacuated overnight.

In a CCTV footage obtained in the aftermath of the accident, several automobiles are seen passing a crossroadbefore something fell on the ground close by. No immediate explosion occurs. About 18 seconds later, the ordnance explodes, destroying a portion of the road, hitting one of the passing vehicles, and launching a parked vehicle into the air.

To understand what could have caused the accident, EurAsian Times spoke to military experts. Group Captain Johnson Chacko (retd) explained, “There may be certain emergency situations when jettisoning of external load is resorted to for the safety of the aircraft. One of them could be an engine failure where the remaining thrust is inadequate for maintaining level flight, especially at low altitudes and low air speeds.

“Another could be when there is a threat, and external loads are jettisoned for better maneuverability for air combat, as the PAF did in operation Swift Retort post-Balakot. The bombs fell in an unintended area, causing no damage.”spacer

A similar observation was made by Indian Air Force veteran and military commentator Squadron Leader Vijainder K. Thakur, who told EurAsian Times, “The need to jettison stores can arise on several counts, one of them being an aircraft emergency such as a single engine failure. Another reason could be aerodynamic instability caused by the weapons store.For example, the wings of a glide bomb may accidentally deploy before weapon release. There can be other reasons also.

File Image: Su-34

Embarrassment For Russia, Celebration For Ukraine

The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) said while completing a flight above Belgorod in southwest Russia, a Su-34 aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Forces experienced an emergency ejection of air ordnance, TASS News Agency reported.

The ministry notified, “At around 22:15 Moscow time on April 20  (4/20 22:15  or  22222 6) ,when a Su-34 plane of the Russian Aerospace Forces was performing a flight above the city of Belgorod, an emergency release of an air ordnance occurred.” The Kremlin has given no new updates at the time of writing this report.

As the visuals of the incident surfaced on social media, netizens began to mock the incident calling it a work of karma for Russia, which regularly bombs Ukrainian cities, causing widespread devastation and leaving many dead.

Toronto Television / Телебачення Торонто
🫡 It’s just Russia bombing itself, nothing unusual, go to sleep. The Ministry of Defense of the RF announced that an “extraordinary release of aviation ammunition” took place over the 🇷🇺 city of Belgorod during the flight of the Su-34 aircraft. The agency added that there were no casualties. At the same time the governor of the Belgorod region Gladkov informed of 2 injured persons.


In an official tweet, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense said: One should not laugh at the fact that the Russians dropped an aerial bomb on their city. Every day, Russian bombs fall on Ukrainian cities. Even such a heinous error will not teach or deter the Russians until they are stopped. We can do it together.”

The incident comes when the Ukrainian military has complained that it is virtually defenseless against Russia’s aerial bombs. With a new type of aerial guide bomb weighing 1.5 tons,Russia claims that Ukrainian air defense forces cannot shoot down these smart munitions. This was confirmed by the speaker of the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, Yuriy Ihnat.

The Russian Aerospace Forces have extensively deployed these aerial bombs to attack assets inside Ukraine, often from a stand-off distance.

Further, while the latest incident has left the Russians red-faced, it may not be the first time that a Su-34 was in an embarrassing incident.In October last year, the Russian Defense Ministry stated that one of its Su-34 fighter bombers crashed in Yeysk in southern Russia after one of its engines burst into flames.spacer

This was another incident where the cutting-edge fighter of the Russian Air Force ended up killing the Russian people instead of attacking a target inside Ukraine.

The MoD said that an investigation was launched to decipher the cause of the accident. Military observers believe that the admission of the accident is an embarrassment to the Kremlin, which has pulled all strings to create a positive opinion of its so-called Special Military Operation (SMO) against Ukraine.


MOSCOW (AP) — Russia’s military acknowledged that a bomb accidentally dropped by one of its warplanes caused a powerful blast in a Russian city not far from Ukraine’s border, injuring two and scaring local residents.

This handout photo released by Telegram Channel of Belgorod Region Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov shows the site of the crater after an explosion in Belgorod, Russia, Friday, April 21, 2023. A large explosion hit Belgorod late Thursday, and the Defense Ministry said one of its Su-34 warplanes accidentally discharged ammunition over the city about 25 kms. (15 miles) from the Ukrainian border. Belgorod Regional Gov. Vyacheslav Gladkov said the blast injured at least two people, damaged homes and left a crater about 20 meters (65 feet) across.(Telegram Channel of Belgorod Region Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov via AP)

This handout photo released by Telegram Channel of Belgorod Region Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov shows the site of the crater after an explosion in Belgorod, Russia, Friday, April 21, 2023. A large explosion hit Belgorod late Thursday, and the Defense Ministry said one of its Su-34 warplanes accidentally discharged ammunition over the city about 25 kms. (15 miles) from the Ukrainian border. Belgorod Regional Gov. Vyacheslav Gladkov said the blast injured at least two people,damaged homes and left a crater about 20 meters (65 feet) across.(Telegram Channel of Belgorod Region Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov via AP)© Provided by The Associated Press

Belgorod, a city of 340,000 located about 40 kilometers (25 miles) east of the Russia-Ukraine border, has faced regular drone attacks during Russia’s current military operation in Ukraine. Russian authorities blamed the earlier strikes on the Ukrainian military, which refrained from directly claiming responsibility for the attacks.

This handout photo released by telegram channel of Belgorod region governor Vyacheslav Gladkov shows the side damaged apartments building near the crater after an explosion in Belgorod, Russia, Friday, April 21, 2023. A large explosion hit Belgorod late Thursday, and the Defense Ministry said one of its Su-34 warplanes accidentally discharged ammunition over the city about 25 kilometers (15 miles) from the Ukrainian border. Belgorod regional Gov. Vyacheslav Gladkov said the blast injured at least two people, damaged homes and left a crater about 20 meters (65 feet) across. (Telegram Channel of Belgorod Region Governor Vyacheslav Gladkov via AP)

The explosion late Thursday was far more powerful than anything Belgorod residents had experienced before. Witnesses reported a low hissing sound followed by a blast that made nearby apartment buildings tremble and shattered their windows.

It left a 20-meter (66-foot) -wide crater in the middle of a tree-lined avenue (boulevard) flanked by apartment blocks, damaged several cars and threw one vehicle onto a store roof. Two people were injured, and a third person was later hospitalized with hypertension, authorities said.

Immediately after the explosion, Russian commentators and military bloggers were abuzz with theories about what weapon Ukraine had used for the attack. Many of them called for strong retribution.


Ukraine war: Belgorod bombing ‘highlights the incompetence of Russian pilots’

Local authorities reported a large blast in the city across the border from Ukraine, with the regional governor saying two women had been injured.

But about an hour later, the Russian Defense Ministry acknowledged that a weapon accidentally released by one of its own Su-34 bombers caused the blast. The ministry did not provide any further details, but military experts said the weapon likely was a powerful 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) bomb.

Military experts charged that the weapon appeared to have been set to explode with a small delay after impact that would allow it to hit underground facilities.

Belgorod Gov. Vyacheslav Gladkov said local authorities decided to temporarily resettle residents of a nine-story apartment building while it was inspected to make sure it hadn’t suffered structural damage that rendered it unsafe to live in.

In an editorial gaffe, an anchor on Russian state television followed the news about the local authorities dealing with the explosion’s aftermath by declaring that “modern weapons allow Russian units to eliminate extremists in the area of the special military operation from a minimal distance.” The anchor looked visibly puzzled by the text that he had just read.

Russian commentators questioned why the warplane flew over Belgorod and urged the military to avoid such risky overflights in the future.

Some alleged that the bomb that was accidentally dropped on Belgorod could be one of a batch of modified munitions equipped with wings and GPS-guided targeting system that allows them to glide to targets dozens of kilometers (miles) away. The Russian air force has started using such gliding bombs only recently, and some experts say that they could be prone to glitches.

In October, a Russian warplane crashed next to a residential building in the port city of Yeysk on the Sea of Azov, killing 15 people. Yeysk hosts a big Russian air base with warplanes that fly missions over Ukraine.

Oct 13 – 30 Preparation for all Hallows Eve, Samhain ( Halloween)

(13 -Backward Halloween Date)

Abduction, holding and ceremonial preparation of individual for human sacrifice
Oct 28-30 Satanist High Holy Day related to Halloween) blood & human sacrifice each day any age (male or female)
Oct 30-31 All Hallows Eve and Halloween Night sexual climax, association with the demons, animal and/or  human blood sacrifice any age (male or female and/or animal)

At least 14 people have died after a Russian SU-34 fighter jet crashed into a residential building in the western city of Yeysk during a training flight Monday, according to Russian officials and state media.

The incident was due to one of the engines catching fire, reported state-run news agency RIA Novosti, which cited Russia’s Defense Ministry.

“According to the report of the ejected pilots, the cause of the plane crash was the ignition of one of the engines during take-off. At the site of the crash of the Su-34 in the courtyard of one of the residential quarters, the plane’s fuel ignited,” the ministry said in a statement to RIA.

The conditions of the ejected pilots are not clear.

Fourteen bodies, including those of three children, were removed from the debris as of Tuesday, according to Russian officials. Earlier state media reports said at least 25 people were injured.

“The tragedy claimed the lives of 14 people. I offer my sincere condolences to the families and friends of the victims,” the governor of the Krasnodar Krai region, Veniamin Kondratiev, said in a statement on his Telegram channel on Tuesday.

Yeysk is a port town on the shore of the Sea of Azov and is separated from occupied Russian territory in southern Ukraine by a narrow stretch of the sea.





Around 250 people were evacuated, including 40 children, authorities said.

RIA said the crash took place during a training flight from a military airfield. It quoted the defence ministry as saying the pilots reported an engine had caught fire on takeoff, and the plane’s fuel had then ignited when it struck the building.  SOURCE

Russia accidentally bombs own city near Ukrainian border


Feb 28, 2023In Yeisk, Russia an explosion was reported near the airfield after an UAV attack. These UAV attacks whole day really make my day. 7:28 PM · Feb 28, 2023 424.6K Views 676 Retweets 34 Quote Tweets 7,800 Likes NOËL @NOELreports 8h Replying to @NOELreports Emergency services on (their way to the) site. 0:23 23.2K views 6 24 591 Pierre Davide Borrelli


Yeisk in British English or Yeysk or Eisk (Russian jejsk ) noun

Yeysk ( Russian:  Ейск ) – a city in Russia , in Krasnodar Krai , on the Sea of ​​Azov [3] . About 83.1 thous. inhabitants (2021). There is a spa and a sea bathing area. Until 1918, a steam tram line operated in Jeju . The city was founded in 1848 by Prince Michael Woroncow [4] on the order of the Tsar [5] .

Machinery , food , footwear and wood industries developed in the city [1] .

The city is located on the Eysky Peninsula, washed by the sea from both sides. On the one hand, these are Beysug Liman and the Sea of ​​\u200b\u200bAzov, on the other – Taganrog Bay and the Yeisk Estuary, into which the Eya River flows. Yasenskaya, Yeiskaya, Kamyshevatskaya, Dolgaya sandy shores depart from the peninsula to the sea.  Near the city is Khanskoe Lake, the sulphate mud of which is used in sanatorium treatment. It is believed that from Yeisk, as the northernmost city of the Krasnodar Territory, the Kuban begins. 

 Often used by Genoese merchant sailors, who hid from the storms of the Sea of ​​\u200b\u200bAzov. A small town appeared at the end of the XVIII century. as a residence for the Russian-backed Khan Shan-Girey. It was here in 1783 that the manifesto was announced, which established the rights of the Russian Empire to the Crimea and the Kuban. In 1848, Prince M. Vorontsov supported the proposal of Ataman G. Rashpil to build a port city.  For a couple of years, the city was completely rebuilt, but was soon badly damaged during the Crimean War. During the Civil War, fierce battles took place for Yeisk, it was a symbol of “red” power. In the 1930s, industry began to develop in Yeisk, a military pilot school appeared, from which about 300 Heroes of the Soviet Union came out. Yeisk was built according to the general plan, which was personally approved by Emperor Nicholas I. According to the plan, the streets were perpendicular to each other. In the architectural aspect of the city center, you can find all the styles that have been used by Russian architects.   Source

Yeysk is known for its mineral waters and healing mud baths. It has a number of parks, a sanatorium , recreation centers, hotels and beaches. The bathing season lasts from May to September. There are numerous cafes, clubs and discos in the city [

I was unable to find the etymology and root meaning of the word Yeysk.  I did find the following:


Eisk  – UK:*/jejsk/US:(Russ.yāsk)

Eisk  (Russ. yāsk), n.

  1. Place NamesYeisk.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

EiskEysk/russian: jejsk/n

  1. variant transliterations of the Russian name forYeisk

Palaeolexicon – The Tocharian B word yāsk
Word: yāsk– IPA: jask: Meaning: to beg:Comments Douglas Q. Adams, “Etymological Dictionary of Tocharian B”, 1999, Brill Heuristics Link/Share Send us a comment about this word Link/Share Send us a comment about this wordspacer


Azov – Wikipedia
Azov ( Russian: Азов ), previously known as Azak, [9] is a town in Rostov Oblast, Russia, situated on the Don River just 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) from the Sea of Azov, which derives its name from the town. Population: 81,924 ( 2021  Census); [10] 82,937 ( 2010 Census); [3] 82,090 ( 2002 Census); [11] 80,297 ( 1989 Census). [12] History :: Amazon Etymology    (Rise of Feminism and warrior women)
In Phoenician, Am means “mother,”and Azon or Adon means “lord.”. Thus the translation “mother-lord,”which identifies the Amazons with an androgynous mother-lord goddess found in some Indian, Hittite and Sumerian traditions. While its exact origin may never be known, the word “Amazon” has always been associated with power and greatness

Azon Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster
Azon Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster Definition Word History Entries Near Show more Save Word azon noun ˈāˌzōn, -än variants or azon bomb plural -s often capitalized A : an aerial bomb that can be guided to the left or right by radio control compare razon Word History Etymology az imuth on ly Love words?

Why are slaves produced in Azov? : r/eu4 – Reddit
 was traditionally a port for selling Slavic slaves to the Ottoman Turks. Some people placed the etymology of the word “Slav” as coming directly from the Latin (e)sclavus, as Byzantines also made use of the slave trade there, but it is more likely (in my opinion as a Polish L1 linguistics graduate) that this is not as likely as the słowo

The Azov Fortress is a fortified complex overlooking the Don River and the Port of Azov to the north. It includes a rampart, watchtowers and gates.[21]

In 1471, the Ottoman Empire gained control of the area and built the strong fortress of Azak (Azov). The fort blocked the Don Cossacks from raiding and trading in the Black Sea. The Cossacks attacked Azov in 1574, 1593, 1620, and 1626. In April 1637, three thousand Don Cossacks and four thousand Zaporozhian Cossacks besieged Azov.     Read much more of the story on wikipedia

Azak – Wiktionary
Etymology . From Ottoman Turkish آزاق‎ (Azak). Proper noun . Azak. Azov (a city in Russia) Azov (a sea in Europe) References . Redhouse, James W. (1890), ” آزاق “, in A Turkish and English Lexicon, Constantinople: A. H. Boyajian, page 78

Azan – The Call to Prayers – Islam Ahmadiyya
This is the theme of the message contained in the Azan, the formal call to congregational prayers in Islam. No other announcement or pronouncement is called that often in the world. This Divine invitation is extended to the people of the world billions of times every day at various times.

Adhan – Wikipedia
Adhan (Arabic: أَذَان [ʔaˈðaːn]), also variously transliterated as athan, adhane (in French), ajan/ajaan, azan/azaan (in South Asia), adzan (in Southeast Asia), and ezan (in the Balkans and Turkey), among other languages, is the Islamic call to public prayer in a mosque recited by a muezzin at prescribed times of the day.. Adhan is recited from the mosque five times daily … 

Azan | Facts, Information, and Mythology
Azan A son of Arcas and the nymph Erato, was the brother of Apheidas and Elatus, and father of Cleitor. The part of Arcadia which he received from his father was called, after him, Azania. After his death, funeral games, which were believed to have been the first in Greece, were celebrated in his honor.
Azan (mythology) – Wikipedia
Azan was the father of Cleitor and Coronis, mother of Asclepius by Apollo. [4] When Azan and his brothers grew up, their father Arcas divided the land between them into three partsAzan received the district which was named after him, to Apheidas fell Tegea and Elatus got Mount Cyllene, which down to that time had received no name. [5]


Symbols of Azov (Idea of the Nation)

Colloquially known as the “emblem of Azov.”

Emblem of Special Operations Detachment “Azov” Emblem of Social National Assembly


A modern symbol created as an emblem for the Social-National Party of Ukraine (now known as the Svoboda Party). It is a combination of Ukrainian letters “I” and “N” allegedly written in an “ancient script,” though there is no evidence that these letters were ever written in such a way.   The symbol is a variation of the Wolfsangel; a mirror image of the emblem of the SS Panzer Division “Das Reich” (a division of the Nazi security services). The leader of Patriot of Ukraine rejects the notion that the symbol has any connection to the Wolfsangel. However, the organizations that use the Idea of ​​the Nation symbol are far-right and use other hate symbols.


It is exclusively used as the emblem of several Ukrainian far-right organizations.

Use as a hate symbol:

In Ukraine, the Idea of the Nation symbol is only used by right-wing radical organizations as an indicator of radical nationalism (neo-Nazism). It was the emblem of the Social-National Party of Ukraine (now the Svoboda Party), the non-governmental organization Patriot of Ukraine, and the Social-National Assembly. The Azov Special Purpose Detachment uses it as its emblem, as do related structures such as Azov’s civilian branch.

Due to the Azov movement’s popularity, the symbol is often used mistakenly, including by those who are not aware of the movement’s ideological orientation.

  Guide on the symbolism of the Azov battalions emblem.
Azov’s Battalion is troubling and real, the concern is that Russians are somehow the good guys SPOILER ALERT: Russia has some of the most virulent White Nationalists (Looking at you Zenit Ultras) and neo Nazi groups. Fit_Noise_3678 • 1 yr. ago Even Nazis did not like ruSSkij.


Military experts have noted that as the number of Russian military flights have increased sharply during the fighting, so have crashes and misfires.

In another deadly incident in the Belgorod region, two volunteer soldiers fired at Russian troops at a military firing range, killing 11 and wounding 15 others before being shot dead.


Jun 21 Litha – The Summer Solstice
(Southern Hemisphere: Yule – The Winter Solstice)
Jun 21-24  Midsummer 


Russian Air Defense System Suffers Epic Malfunction, Video Shows

The video was first published by the Telegram channel Kyiv Operative on Friday, Ukrinform Ukraine reported.

Alchevsk is currently under the occupation of Moscow-backed separatist forces.

The clip shows the moment one of the missiles turned sharply and flew in the opposite direction a few seconds after launch, creating a large explosion upon impact and sending sparks into the sky

Multiple sirens and alarms can be heard going off in the background, moments after the explosion.

The cause of the bizarre malfunction is not clear.

Russian air defense system
A video circulating on social media shows the moment a missile turned sharply and flew in the opposite direction a few seconds after it was launched, creating a large explosion upon impact and sending sparks into the sky.KYIV OPERATIVE/TELEGRAM

According to Ukrainian news outlet 24TV, the explosion caused a fire not far from residential buildings in the area.

Some videos from the scene in the aftermath of the explosion showed a large ​​fire and a patch of grass burning where the rocket fell, 24TV reported. The person recording the clip said the missile struck on Alchevsk’s Sarmatskaya Street—a street on the eastern outskirts of the city.

Just days earlier, on June 19, Russian forces attempted to launch missile strikes in the city, but the first rocket exploded in the sky over the city shortly after launch and fell apart, the news outlet reported.

Some local media reports claimed that Russia’s own anti-air defense systems may have been intercepted.

It isn’t clear what type of air defense system missile was in the video.

In a separate incident on Friday, a Russian military aircraft crashed and caught fire in western Russia on Friday, killing four people and injuring five others, according to local media reports.

Citing the Russian defense ministry, the Russian state-run news agency Interfax reported that the IL-76 military transport plane crashed near the city of Ryazan after attempting an emergency landing due to an engine  malfunction while on a training flight.

The plane “partially collapsed” as it attempted to land, the ministry said.

Four people died and five were injured and taken to hospitals in Ryazan, local government officials said.

Newsweek has reached out to the Russian foreign ministry for comment.


April 19- May 1 Blood Sacrifice To The Beast. Fire sacrifice is required on April 19 is the first day of the 13-day Satanic ritual day relating to fire – the fire god, Baal, or Molech/Nimrod (the Sun God), also known as the Roman god, Saturn (Satan/Devil). This day is a major human sacrifice day, demanding fire sacrifice with an emphasis on children. This day is one of the most important human sacrifice days

Cerealia – April 19. Celebrates the beginning of the six vegetative months

MONDAY, 17 APRIL 2023, 00:19

Fires break out in city of Belgorod and Belgorod district

Social media users in Russia have reported that a drone exploded in Belgorod; according to some of them, the drone hit a power substation.

SourceBBC Russian service; social media; Vyacheslav Gladkov, Governor of Belgorod Oblast, Russia

Details: In particular, the Bletgorod Telegram channel has posted a video of what it claims was a fire caused by a drone strike.



The BBC Russian service has noted that some sources have reported a strike on a thermal power plant, while others have reported a strike on a substation.

In addition, most Russian sources have stated it was a Ukrainian drone.

Update: Gladkov later reported that two fires had broken out in Belgorod Oblast, Russia.

Quote: “Two fires occurred at civilian facilities in [the city of] Belgorod and in the Belgorod district. There were no casualties. Emergency response services have been deployed, and the fire is being extinguished.”


Ukraine-Russia war – live: Over 3,000 evacuated in Russian city after undetonated bomb found

Story by Emily Atkinson,Andy Gregory,Martha McHardy and Joe Middleton • 53m ago
April 19, 2023
LIVE – Updated at 22:43

Thousands have been evacuated from their homes in the Russian city of Belgorod after an undetonated bomb was found.

Over 3,000 people were evacuated on Saturday two days after Russia accidentally dropped a bomb on the same city, which is located about 25 miles from the border with Ukraine.

It is not known if the bomb came from the same aircraft. However, the undetonated device was found in the same area as the bomb that was accidentally dropped on Thursday evening.

Local governor, Vyacheslav Gladkov said that 17 apartment buildings had to be cordoned off “within a radius of 200 metres” of the undetonated bomb.

At least two people were injured after the bomb was dropped on Thursday evening, which left a crater of about 20 metres wide.

Buildings were destroyed and a car was blown on to the roof of a nearby shop.

The Russian defence ministry admitted that one of its fighter jets had “accidentally discharged aircraft ordnance” over the city.

Key Point

  • Vladimir Putin ‘struggling to maintain narrative’ justifying war in Ukraine

In the Belgorod region, after a forced landing, the drone of the Armed Forces of Ukraine exploded

In the Belgorod region, after a forced landing, the drone of the Armed Forces of Ukraine exploded

Ukrainian nationalists do not stop trying to strike deep into the territory of Russia, aiming mainly at civilian targets. In military terms, these attacks do not make any sense, but terror has long been a kind of “calling card” of the Kyiv regime.

Today, once again, the Armed Forces of Ukraine made an attempt to strike at the border area in the Belgorod region, Russian telegram channels report. A drone loaded with explosives was used for the attack, presumably launched from the village of Staritsa in the Kharkiv region.

An enemy aircraft of an aircraft type was detected on time by Russian border guards near the village of Murom in the Shebekinsky district, 500 meters from the border with Ukraine this morning. Our military intercepted the control of the UAV with the help of an anti-drone gun and forcibly planted. At the time of the fall, the makeshift warhead detonated. No one was hurt, no damage was recorded. There are no official statements from the local authorities on this incident yet.

Last night, Ukrainian militants using several unmanned aerial vehicles attacked a sugar factory in the border village of Tetkino, Kursk region. At least ten AGS-17 grenade launchers were dropped on the territory of the enterprise. The nearby school and kindergarten were not affected.

The day before, a Ukrainian drone tried to attack a power plant in the village of Dragunskoye near Belgorod.The drone was also timely detected by Russian air defense forces and destroyed on approach. There were no damages or casualties as a result of the incident.

In another region bordering Ukraine, the Bryansk region, the Armed Forces of Ukraine fired mortars at the village of Lomakovka today. A total of twelve strikes were inflicted, some of the mines hit residential buildings and a substation. The villagers lost electricity, according to preliminary data, there are victims among civilians. Currently, residents are hiding in basements, fearing continued shelling.

Yesterday, Ukrainian UAVs attacked the building of the military registration and enlistment office of the Novozybkov urban district of the Bryansk region, the head of the region said on his telegram channel. There were no injuries, the windows were partially broken in the building.

The Governor of the Bryansk region, Alexander Bogomaz, has today introduced a “high alert” regime throughout the entire region, which will be in effect until May 10. The Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the Bryansk Region has been recommended to bring forces and assets into readiness to respond to emergencies, form operational groups and, if necessary, organize their deployment to the proposed areas of operations.

Live cameras in Belgorod. Live webcams Belgorod online BelgorodBelgorod is a city in the south of the middle section of the European part of Russia, the administrative center of the Belgorod region. It is located on the southern outskirts of the Central Russian Upland, on the banks of the Belgorod Reservoir, the rivers Vezelki and Seversky …
Belgorod Marko De Foto
Belgorod Marko De Foto

In Belgorod Russia there is a transmission tower in the form of the ...

In Belgorod Russia there is a transmission tower in the form of the cities coat of arms...

A transmission tower – a true combination of art and engineering

“This project is fascinating! It shows how art and engineering come together to turn a prosaic structure into an exhilarating experience,” says Aarni Heiskanen, a construction expert and member of the BIM Awards jury that selected the winner of the 2020 Tekla Global BIM Awards.

The Russian steel design and manufacturing company Belenergomash won the Best Small Project category with its work on a transmission tower with a unique look and feel. Electricity transmission towers are typically steel lattice structures that look much the same the world over. But there are examples of these towers done differently, such as the one found in the Russian city of Belgorod.

Set on the banks of the Vezelka river, the tower is a striking design comprising the two main elements of Belgorod’s coat of arms: a silver eagle with its wings spread and a yellow lion on its hind legs. It was built as part of a broader project to improve the city’s infrastructure for citizens and tourists alike, including reconstructing sections of two 110 kV overhead lines. Standing at 26.3 meters in height, the tower both lights up the city and brings its skyline to life.

Tekla Structures at the core

The tower was designed and manufactured by Belenergomash, a subsidiary of Russian steel giant OMK. Prominent examples of their work include the Lakhta Center skyscraper in St. Petersburg and steel fabrication for five 2018 FIFA World Cup stadiums. The company has also made other transmission towers in interesting designs: one in the shape of a pair of soccer players, and the other in the shape of a skier (for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi).

Belenergomash has some 3600 employees, with almost a third of them working on designing and producing steel constructions. The company has used Tekla Structures for this work since 2008.

“We use Tekla software to design steel structures and concrete foundations. Tekla also helps us to create design schemes for calculations,” says Dmitry Dolzhenkov, a Tekla Support Specialist at Belenergomash.

“We use Tekla Structures for a lot of our work, including steel detailing, drawing parts, creating assembly plans, and exporting DSTV files to our workshop,” he says. “And it’s not just our manufacturing people who use the software; our technologists, planners and salespeople all use the Tekla model in their work. We rely on Tekla at all stages of production. The software also has great interoperability with other programs used by our customers to calculate loads and requirements.

Tekla Structures – Wikipedia
Tekla Structures is a building information modeling software able to model structures that incorporate different kinds of building materials, including steel, concrete, timber and glass. Tekla allows structural drafters and engineers to design a building structure and its components using 3D modeling, generate 2D drawings and access building information.

Tekla Name Meaning | What Does Tekla Mean? – Meaning of … – Namesgram
According to a user from California, U.S., the name Tekla is of Lithuanian origin and means “Fame of God or Gift of God“. According to a user from Germany, the name Tekla is of Greek origin and means “Greek name tekla or tekle. Which means gods servant“. names by meaning     

Tekla – Wikipedia
The name Tekla is a given name, used in the Nordic countries, in Poland and in Georgia. However, in this case it is an abbreviation of the Finnish words Teknillinen laskenta, which means technical computation. [6]

Meaning, origin and history of the name Thekla
Scripts Θέκλα ( Greek) Meaning & History From the ancient Greek name Θεόκλεια (Theokleia), which meant “glory of God” from the Greek elements θεός ( theos) meaning “god” and κλέος ( kleos) meaning “glory”. This was the name of a 1st-century saint, appearing [as Θέκλα (Theokleia) ]  in the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla.

Learn more: How Sisttemex uses BIM for steel tower production

Accurate design, quick construction

The Belenergomash team worked quickly to get the Belgorod transmission tower done during the first half of 2019 so it could be officially taken into use on August 5th – the city’s annual day of celebration. Design work kicked off in February, the steel was modeled through May and manufactured in June, and the structure was erected in July.



Unable to find any definition or etymology for Belenergomash I broke it down into parts until I could find etymology and meaning.    Belen-ergo-mash

Meaning, origin and history of the name Belén
Pronounced beh-LEHN [ key · IPA] Meaning & History Spanish form of Bethlehem, the name of the town in Judah where King David and Jesus were born. The town’s name is from Hebrew בֵּית־לֶחֶם (Beit-lechem) meaning “house of bread”. Popularity Details Chile Galicia, Spain Spain United States People think this name is Rate · Details

ergo | Etymology, origin and meaning of ergo by etymonline
ergo (conj.) ergo. (conj.) c. 1400, from Latin ergo “therefore, in consequence of,” possibly contracted from *e rogo “from the direction of,” from ex “out of” (see ex-) + noun from regere “to direct, to guide” (from PIE root *reg- “move in a straight line,” with derivatives meaning “to direct in a straight line,” thus “to lead, rule”). Used in …

mash (n.) “soft mixture, mass of ingredients beaten or stirred together,” late Old English *masc (in masc-wyrt “mash-wort, infused malt”), from Proto-Germanic *maisk- (source also of Swedish mäsk “grains for pigs,” German Maisch “crushed grapes, infused malt,” Old English meox “dung, filth”), possibly from PIE root *meik- “to mix.”
Full name of the organization: ZAKRYTOE AKTSIONERNOE OBSHCHESTVO “BELENERGOMASH” TIN: 3123112366 (region of TIN receipt – Belgorod Oblast) KPP: 366101001 PSRN: 1043107039690 Location: 394007, Voronezh Oblast, Voronezh, pr-kt Leninskii, 119L Line of business: Wholesale trade through agents (for remuneration or on a contractual basis) (OKVED code 51.1) ..

The steel for the tower weighs 33 tons and comprises more than 5800 separate parts. These are joined together through an almost equal number of bolted joints, and the entire structure is installed on a foundation of 91 cubic meters of reinforced concrete. The steel is protected from corrosion through a hot-dip galvanizing technique.

“Due to our trust in the precision of elements produced and assembled in Tekla Structures, our factory did not need to do any assembly testing on the transmission tower parts prior to their delivery to the site,” says Dolzhenkov.

“We exported the IFC Model from Tekla with additional properties, and the on-site team used Trimble Connect to identify assemblies and bolt groups for quick installation,” he says. “Thanks to the accuracy of the model and its parts, the on-site team was able to work quickly to get the structure up and running. There were no additional queries about our assembly plan.”

“Due to our trust in the precision of elements produced and assembled in Tekla Structures, our factory did not need to do any assembly testing on the transmission tower parts prior to their delivery to the site.”

Dmitry Dolzhenkov, a Tekla Support Specialist at Belenergomash

“We enjoy working with the world’s best BIM software for steel structures, especially for unique, complex geometry projects,” says Dolzhenkov. “This was the first time we participated in the Tekla BIM Awards and we are proud of the high marks the jury gave our project.”

Belgorod Dnestrovsky
Belgorod Dnestrovsky
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi fortress(also known as Akkerman fortress) is a historical and architectural monumentof the 13th-14th centuries. It is located in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyiin the Odesa regionof southwestern Ukraine, the historical Budjak. Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi fortress video History[edit] Start of construction[edit] Citadel

The oldest Belgorod fortress was built at the end of the 16th century on a chalk mountain. The discussion among historians about the time of the city’s founding, in 1593 or 1596, is not over and both versions have serious scientific basis. One of the first serious researchers of Belgorod history, Drenyakin, in the second half of the 19th century, adhered to the date of 1593, while reasonably exposing the attempts of some scientists already then to date the foundation of the city by Vladimir in the 10th century.spacer

Contemporary local historian Shmelev, trying to somehow open a three-year “black hole” from the moment of the decision to build until the actual appearance of the fortress, even put forward some arguments in favor of the existence of an unknown “first fortress” in the area of the current Rechnaya Street, allegedly originally built on a swamp, and after a couple of years – transferred to the mountain.

There are no archival documents from the period of foundation of the first Belgorod fortress, which would have contained a description of the city. The only source that sheds light from time immemorial is the “Travel Notes of Vasily Zuev from St. Petersburg to Kherson”, published in 1781, where a sketch of the ramparts of the lost ancient settlement is given. Only in the middle of the 50s of the XX century, the archaeologist A.V. Nikitin carried out excavations at the site of the first fortress, where the remains of ancient ramparts and ditches were still clearly visible. But already at this time part of the fortress was lost, in the 1860s during the construction of the railway the eastern part of the chalk mountain, on which the Kremlin was located, was collapsed. The location of the first fortress approximately corresponds to the location of the modern car market on Byelaya Gora.[18]

According to scientific excavations and surviving archival data, the first fortress outpost was erected in 1596. The site of the construction of the defensive facility was the top of the Belaya Gora (“White Mountain”). This is the highest point of the right bank of the Seversky Donets channel. On 17 September 1650, voivode Vasily Petrovich Golovin laid the foundation for the third Belgorod Fortress on the left bank of the Vezenitsa River, which flows into the Seversky Donets. Now on the site of the Third Belgorod Fortress is the modern city center. In the fall of 1650, a wooden fort with 11 towers was attached to the rampart of the Belgorod line, which runs from the fortress town Bolkhovets to the mouth of the Vezelka River in the area of the former brewery. Later, the wooden prison will become the Kremlin – the most fortified part of the new, already the third Belgorod fortress. And in 1668, to the east of the Kremlin, almost to the current Vokzalnaya Square, additional fortifications were erected. From the south, like the Kremlin, they adjoined the main shaft of the Belgorod line, and on the other sides wooden walls were erected. This part of the fortress was called the “earthen city”. The two parts of the city were connected by the Nikolskaya Passage Tower located in the eastern wall of the Kremlin. The position of the eastern wall of the Kremlin corresponded to the modern street of the 50th anniversary of the Belgorod Oblast. With the expansion of the borders of the Russian state, the military significance of the Belgorod fortress gradually decreased and by the middle of the 18th century, only the Kremlin remained from the formidable fortress.[19]

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi – Wikipedia
Since 1944 the city has been known as “Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi” (Білгород-Дністровський), while on the Soviet geography maps often translated into its Russian equivalent of ” Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy “ (Бе́лгород-Днестро́вский), literally “white city on the Dniester”.

Dnestrovsk – Wikipedia
Dnestrovsk ( Romanian: Nistrovsc; Russian: Днестрóвск, romanized : Dnestrovsk; Ukrainian: Дністровськ, romanized : Dnistrovs’k) is a town in southern Moldova, near the border with Ukraine. It is at the shores of the Cuciurgan Reservoir and is home to the Cuciurgan power station, also known as Moldavskaya GRES .

LawState And Law


Flag And The Coat Of Arms Of The Belgorod Region. History, Description

Coat of arms of Belgorod Region
Belgorod oblast, Russia guide

The situation with heraldry in different parts of Russia differs often cardinally. The coat of arms, even in the largest city, can express the absence of historical, national roots and an elementary heraldic tradition. Attitude to official symbols becomes an indicator of the historical and general culture of the leaders of individual cities and towns, entire regions and subjects of the Federation.

The coat of arms of the Belgorod region is an example of a competent attitude to such attributes, when the work with it is correctly placed at all levels.


The Russian state since ancient times needed strong outposts on its southern borders. Since the final entry of territories, which contains today’s map of the Belgorod region, into the Russian state, it becomes clear the defensive purpose of the settlements that arise here. In the 16th century the construction of the Belgorod line begana continuous defensive line from fortresses, military engineering structures and natural obstacles. She had to resist the predatory raids from the Crimean Khanate. Map of the Belgorod region

The first form of government was the Belgorod (or regiment) rank. In 1712 he was awarded Peter I for valor in the Battle of Poltava with a special banner with embroidered emblem on it. The modern coat of arms of the Belgorod region has a prototype of this emblem of three centuries ago.


In 1727 the Belgorod province was formed, which existed for more than 50 years. It had its own coat of arms, developed on the basis of the emblem of the Belgorod Regiment and became the basis for all the heraldic attributes of cities and districts of Belgorod since the Russian Empire until our time. At the heart of the plot depicted on them, a symbolic depiction of the victory of Russian weapons in the battle of June 27, 1709 near Poltava: a running lion embodying Sweden, and the Russian eagle flying above it. The bird of prey became the main Russian heraldic symbol, being borrowed from the ancient kings of Byzantium, and the lion was depicted on the banners of Charles XII.

The arms of the cities of the Belgorod regionThe coat of arms, approved March 3, 1730, is the oldest official state symbol of the city of Belgorod and the region: in a gold shield, in a blue field – a yellow lion, beneath it – a green earth, and above it – a single-headed eagle of black color.

In the course of administrative reforms after 1779 Belgorod province was abolished, and re-established only in 1954.


In Soviet times, for the entire existence of the Belgorod region, it did not have its own heraldic symbol. The arms had no smaller units of administrative division, although the map of the Belgorod region numbered 31 districts, transferred to it from the Kursk and Voronezh regions.

In practice, only the coat of arms of the regional center, approved by the decision of the City Council of 20.05.1970, was used. It was a historical version of the 1730 model, supplemented with heraldic motifs, customary for the Soviet era: wheat ears and a pinion, aimed at emphasizing the agricultural and industrial importance of the region. In the coat of arms of the Belgorod region, the Guards tape was also included – a tribute to the memory of the military glory of the city’s residents and the grandiose battles of the Great Patriotic War.


Coat of arms of the districts of the Belgorod RegionIn 1994, a special public commission on heraldic provision was established in the region, one of the first in the country. It included the most famous local historians, historians and artists of the region. The purpose of her work was to recreate the arms and flags of the districts, cities and settlements, the development of local decoration badges, elements of uniforms and other symbols.

The first purpose of the commission’s work was the revival of regional state symbols and their creation for those regions and cities of the region where they had not existed before. By the forces of a specially created creative group, a proposal was prepared, including the coat of arms and the flag of the Belgorod region, which was sent for heraldic examination to the State Herald.


In October 1995, the conclusion was reached, signed by the chairman of the Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation Georgy Vadimovich Vilinbakhov. It noted the high level of materials provided on the coat of arms of the Belgorod region, the worthy quality of description and image of the main symbol of Belgorod. The coats of arms of the districts of the Belgorod region, as well as many towns and settlements of Belgorod region were approved. In February 1996, the coat of arms of the region was approved by a resolution of the regional Duma. In the Heraldic Register of the Russian Federation it is listed at number 100.

The modern coat of arms of the Belgorod region – its description and graphic embodiment – meets all the rules of heraldic science. The animals on it are depicted without exact follow-up to natural sciences, more ornamental and decorative, while preserving accurate references to the historical origin of the coat of arms. The description emphasizes the traditional meaning of color symbolism:

  • The azure field on the shield is the color of the sky, a symbol of greatness, honesty, beauty.
  • Green earth is the color of abundance, hope, joy.
  • The black color of the eagle is a symbol of power, prudence, wisdom.
  • The golden color of a lion is faith, justice, mercy.
  • The red (scarlet) color of the tongue is courage, courage, fearlessness.
  • Silver eyes, teeth and clawstruthfulness, nobility, purity.

The main regional heraldic symbol is included as an integral part in many emblems of the cities of the Belgorod region, which also corresponds to the classical rules of herbology.


In 2000, the flag of the Belgorod region was also approved, also included in the State Heraldic Register under the number 621. It was recreated on the basis of the banners presented to Peter the Great by the Belgorod Regiment in the distant 1712.

File:Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg — Wikimedia Commons

Coat of arms and the flag of the Belgorod Region
Symmetrical blue cross – a classic element in heraldry – divides the panel into four fields, called in the vectorology – the science of flags, banners, standards – crozons or cantons. They are painted in colors used in the regional coat of arms – white, red, green and black. In the upper, near the shaft, the canton is the color coat of arms of the region. The symbolism of the colors of the flag coincides with the description of the emblem, in addition, the black color on the flag is added the symbolic value of one of the main riches of the region – chernozem.
chernozem  – chĕr′nə-zĕm″, chîr″nə-zyôm′


  1. A very black topsoil, rich in humus, typical of cool to temperate semiarid regions such as the grasslands of Ukraine and southern Russia.
  2. The local name of a black earth of extraordinary fertility, covering at least 100,000,000 acres, from the Carpathian to the Ural mountains, to the depth of from 4 to 20 feet, and yielding an almost unlimited succession of similar crops without preparation.
  3. fertile black soil containing a very high percentage of humus (3% to 15%) and high percentages of phosphoric acidsphosphorus and ammonia.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

Chernozem Definition & Meaning – Merriam-Webster
noun cher· no· zem ˌcher-nə-ˈzyȯm -ˈzem : any of a group of dark-colored zonal soils with a deep rich humus horizon found in regions (such as the grasslands of central North America) of temperate to cool climate chernozemic ˌcher-nə-ˈzyȯ-mik -ˈze- adjective Word History Etymology Russian, from chërnyĭ black + zemlya earth First Known Use


File:Flag of Belgorod.svg – Wikimedia Commons

Belgorod Regional Chamber of Commerce and Industry Logo PNG Transparent ...

Belgorod Regional Chamber of Commerce

I could not find a definitive answer as to which of the above symbols is officially the one used by the Belgorod Chamber of Commerce.  Either one of them does not symbolize anything good.


Belgorod State University, Russian Federation | Courses, Fees ... ¿Qué Carreras hay en Bélgorod State University? | Blog de ALAR ...

Belgorod State University


Đại học Công nghệ quốc gia Belgorod - Học bổng Nga

Belgorod State Technological University

Borissowka (Belgorod) – Wikipedia

I saw this coat of arms and flag in with the Belgorod Heraldry and found it intriguing.  That gold figure in the center, which resembles a tree like formation, that seems to rise out of the crotch of trunk which resembles a man with his legs spread.  Of course we have the crown above.  Is this a representation of the bloodline, perhaps of the fallen??  We also see the templars cross on either side. 

Every thing that I could find on the first syllable of the name BORIS, stated the likely root to be “WOLF”.  If you have been following my posts you know that Wolfman, Werewolf and Shafeshifter is a common thread we see as we research the roots and sources.

Borissowka – Belgorod Oblast

As of 2013, four inhabited localities in Belgorod Oblast bear this name:

Urban localities
Rural localities

Boris (given name) – Wikipedia
Its precise etymology is unclear. It may be derived from one or more of several Turkic words such as böri meaning “wolf”,

-ovka – Wiktionary
Mar 31, 2023Czech: ·forms nouns from nouns ‎žár + ‎-ovka → ‎žárovka··Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, denoting a part, profession, feature, membership, origin, social status, complexion, proper name, abstract noun or animal’s name.

Borisovka (RussianБори́совка) is an urban locality (a settlement) in Belgorod OblastRussia. It is the administrative center of Borisovsky District.

The settlement is included in the list of historical cities of Russia in 2002. Population: 12,553 (2021 Census);[5] 13,896 (2010 Census);[1] 13,083 (2002 Census);[6] 13,002 (1989 Census).[7]


Located on the Vorskla River (a tributary of the Dnieper), 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) to the east of the railway station Novoborisovka (in Lgov – Kharkov line).   (Vorskla meaning Spring clover)

Dniester – Wikipedia
Names. The name Dniester derives from Sarmatian dānu nazdya “the close river.” (The Dnieper, also of Sarmatian origin, derives from the opposite meaning, “the river on the far side”.)Alternatively, according to Vasily Abaev Dniester would be a blend of Scythian dānu “river” and Thracian Ister, the previous name of the river, literally Dān-Ister (River Ister).

In the town of Borisovka there are widespread natural landscapes. On the northern outskirts of the settlement there are two large forest areas – Forest on the Vorskla (section Belogorie Reserve, adjacent to the streets Kovalevka, Rudy, Sovkhoznaya) and Small Forest (adjacent to the streets October and Forestry). Inside Borisovka village located fen reed-sedge marsh area of 48 hectares. Also passes through the village of Vorskla River floodplain.


Sloboda Borisovka known since 1695, was part of the Hotmyzhskogo County. In 1705 it becomes the domain of Boris Sheremetev. It was here that he founded one of the largest musical theater, later translated in Kuskovo. During the preparation of the Battle of Poltava Hotmyzhsk along with Belgorod was the rear base of Russian troops. According to the census of 1877, the town had population of 17,502 residents.

After the October revolution of 1917 settlement was transformed into Borisovka Village, which was a part of Graivoronsky District in Kursk Oblast.

It was granted status of urban-type settlement in 1959.

On December 20, 2004, in accordance with the Law of the Belgorod Oblast number 159 the town was designated as a municipality Borisovka with urban settlement st


Belgorod Bilder | Fotogalerie von Belgorod - Hochwertige Sammlung

Belgorod Bilder | Fotogalerie von Belgorod – Hochwertige Sammlung
Belgorod, Russia - Circa January 2018: Pipe Organ at Hall of the ...

Belgorod State Philharmonic

Belgorod, Russia – Circa January 2018: Pipe Organ at Hall of the Philharmonic Society...


Belgorod, Russia. Emblem And Logos Close-up On Glass Mirror Facade Of ...

Street of the fiftieth anniversary of the Belgorod region. Pedestrian street in the old residential center of the city. Bench of love in the shape of a heart with flower pots. Belgorod, Russia. Belgorod, Russia - September 29, 2017: Street of the fiftieth anniversary of the Belgorod region. Pedestrian street in the old residential center of the city. Urban environment. Bench of love in the shape of a heart with flower pots. Architecture Stock Photo

 Bench of love in the shape of a heart with flower pots. Belgorod, Russia. stock photo

Belgorod, Russia – September 29, 2017: Street of the fiftieth anniversary of the Belgorod region. Pedestrian street in the old residential center of the city. Urban environment. Bench of love in the shape of a heart with flower pots.
Belgorod, Russia. Emblem And Logos Close-up On Glass Mirror Facade Of Building Belgorodenergo

Belgorod, Russia – September 29, 2017: Emblem and logos close-up on glass mirror facade of building Belgorodenergo. Interregional Distribution Grid Company of the Center IDGC / MRSK of Center is a Russian energy company engaged in the transmission of electricity through electric grids.



Belgorod Oblast (Белгоро́дская о́бласть)

Belgorodskaya oblast, Province of Belgorod.

Cities and towns of the Belgorod Oblast

Belgorod Бе́лгород 353,300
Stary Oskol Ста́рый Оско́л 215,898
Gubkin Russian: Гу́бкин 86,083
Shebekino Шебе́кино 45,119
Alexeyevka Алексе́евка 39,312
Valuyki Валуйки 35,790
Novy Oskol Новый Оско́л 20,892
Stroitel Строи́тель 18,400
Biryuch Бирюч 8,079
Grayvoron Гра́йворон 6,196
Korocha Короча 6,046

Population statistics from 2002 census.

About the Belgorod Oblast.

The Belgorod oblast is located on Russia’s western edge. It borders the Ukraine. It has a population of more then 1.5 million people. The administrative centre of the region is the city of Belgorod.

Belgorod means ‘White City’. It was named Belgorod because the city was rich in limestone. References to Belgorod dates back to the 1200s. The oblast was setup in 1954 with it’s administrative centre in Belgorod.

The battle of Prokhorovka, which was part of the overall battle of battle of Kursk, took place at the village of Prokhorovka. It is considered to be the largest tank battle in military history. The battle was fought by the German Wehrmacht’s Fourth Panzer Army and the Red Army’s 5th Guards Tank Army in 1943. Over 1000 tanks were engaged in the battle.

Belgorod Map — Satellite Images of Belgorod

original name: Belgorod
geographical location: Belgorodskiy rayon, Belgorodskaya Oblast, Russia, Asia
geographical coordinates: 50° 36′ 48″ North, 36° 35′ 14″ East
detailed map of Belgorod and near places

Welcome to the Belgorod google satellite map! This place is situated in Belgorodskiy rayon, Belgorodskaya Oblast, Russia, its geographical coordinates are 50° 36′ 48″ North, 36° 35′ 14″ East and its original name (with diacritics) is Belgorod. See Belgorod photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Belgorod in Russia. Belgorod hotels map is available on the target page linked above.

Belgorod Oblast - Map of Russian regions.

Administrative Divisions

Belgorod is divided into several administrative divisions.

Belgorod Oblast - Administrative Divisions

Alexey (Aleksey) (Russian: Алексе́й, [ɐlʲɪkˈsʲej]) is a Russian male first name deriving from the Greek Alexios (Αλέξιος), meaning “Defender”, and thus of the same origin as the Latin Alexius. Alexey may also be romanized as “Alexei”, “Aleksei”, “Aleksey”, “Alexej”, “Aleksej”, etc. It has been commonly westernized as Alexis.
Evka. [ syll. ev – ka, evk -a ] The baby girl name Evka is pronounced EH VKAH †. Evka’s language of origin is Hebrew and it is used largely in the Czech language. Evka is a variation (Czech) of Eva. Evka is also a variation of Eve (English and French).

Belgorod Oblast (RussianБелгоро́дская о́бластьromanizedBelgorodskaya oblast’) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Belgorod. Population: 1,540,486 (2021 Census);[11] 1,532,526 (2010 Census);[6] 1,511,620 (2002 Census);[12] 1,380,723 (1989 Census).[13]


Map of Belgorod Governorate (1745)

At the turn of the 17th century, a solid line of military fortifications was built in the area, stretching for almost 800 kilometers (500 mi). Zaporozhian Cossacks, who moved here because of the nobility and the tax burden, were in charge of the line defenses. Even more Cossacks moved to the area during the Khmelnytsky Uprising (1648–1657) and the internecine wars in the Cossack Hetmanate (1659–1679). Belgorod became the military and administrative center, after originating as an outpost on the southern borders of Russia.

Following the Battle of PoltavaPeter I granted to soldiers of Greater Belgorod the regiment flag.

From 1708 to 1727, the territory of the modern Belgorod Oblast was part of the Kiev and Azov governorates. In 1727, Belgorod Governorate was established from parts of Kiev Governorate. The governorate lasted until 1779. This territory was much greater than that of today, and the governorate incorporated territories modern KurskOryol, and parts of Bryansk and Kharkiv oblasts. The coat of arms of the then-Governorate is still used by the modern Belgorod Oblast.

In 1775–1779, the territory of Belgorod Governorate was abolished and divided between the newly formed governorates and vice-royalties. The city of Belgorod and the area around it became a part of Kursk Vice-Royalty, while the southeastern uyezds became a part of Voronezh Governorate.

Nikolo-Tikhvinsky Monastery in 1900

During the 19th century and up until 1928 the territory of modern Belgorod Oblast remained part of the Kursk and Voronezh governorates. After the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in April 1918, in January 1919 the territory was incorporated into the Ukrainian State under hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi.

The current administrative-territorial boundaries of Belgorod Oblast were formed by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 6 January 1954. The oblast was formed from several  districts  of Kursk and Voronezh Oblasts.

For the courage and resilience shown by the people of Belgorod Oblast in defense of the Motherland during the Great Patriotic War, and for progress in reconstruction and development of national economy. On 4 January 1967, Belgorod Oblast was awarded the Order of Lenin, and in 1980 the city of Belgorod was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, first degree.

In 2007, the city of Belgorod received the honorary title of the City of Military Glory.

Natural resources

Over 40% of known iron ore reserves of Russia are concentrated in the oblast. Deposits are confined to the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly area. Among them are Korobkovsky, Lebedinskoye, Stoylenskoye, and prospective Prioskolskoye iron ore deposits in Stary Oskol District, Bolshetroitskoye in Shebekinsky District, as well as Yakovlevskoye and Pogremetskoye fields.

Identified and explored in varying degrees are the large deposits of bauxitesapatites, underground mineral waters, and numerous deposits of construction materials such as chalksandclay, and more. There are also known occurrences of goldgraphite, and other rare metals. Geographical features make the oblast likely to have deposits of platinumhydrocarbons, and other minerals.


Old Russian Rushnyk in Belgorod

The Belgorod region played a significant role in the evolution of Russian culture.[15] It was inhabited by different tribes besides East Slavs and was one of the earliest Rus’ principalities. Belgorod region played an important role in the Russian wedding tradition of the Rushnyk. Belgorod is also famous for its wood carving.


Belgorod rushniks, Central Russia

The rectangular shape of the fabric indicates a life’s journey and the ornamentation captures the cultural ancestral memory of the region.[3] The material used is either linen or hemp. The act of spinning thread and the process of weaving linen embodies spiritual power dating back to the ancient deity Mokosh who is often represented in embroidery. The needle has its own energy, an idea similar to acupuncture, and the color of the thread has sacred meaning. Red represents life and is the main color used. A rushnyk is given to a baby at birth, it follows the person throughout life and is used in the funeral service after death.

Goddess of Mother Earth, fertility, fate, harvest, moisture, sexuality, patroness of women, children, childbirth, home, weaving.


MOKOSH is the life-giving goddess in ancient Slavic mythology, inherited from the pre-Indo-European pantheon and debased during the early Christian era. She is the only female deity mentioned in the Kievan pantheon established by Vladimir I in 980 ce. In northern Russia, she has survived as a house spirit, Mokysha or Mokusha; a tall woman with a large head and long arms, she shears sheep at night and spins flax and wool. Her name is connected with spinning and plaiting (Lithuanian meksti, makstyti, “to plait,” and mākas, “shirt”; Russian meshok, “sack, bag,” moshna, “pouch”) and with moisture (*mok – or *mokr -, “wet, moist”). These associations suggest her ties with the life-giving and life-taking goddess of Old Europethat is, with Fate, the spinner of the thread of life and the dispenser of the water of life. Menhirs (kamennye baby ), venerated in some Slavic areas into the twentieth century (and some now called Maria or Mary ), seem to be connected with this ancient goddess, who possessed healing powers. Paralytics, the blind, and the deaf offered flax, wool, and sheep to these stones.

In the Christian era, Mokosh was superseded by Paraskeva-Piatnitsa (“Friday, fifth day”) or Lianitsa (“linen washer”). In the Russian Orthodox tradition she is identified as Saint Paraskeviia (from the Greek paraskevi, “Friday”). Friday was a day sacred to the goddess and was characterized by taboos on women’s work. In Carnival processions, the saint’s image was that of a woman adorned with flax, her hair hanging loose and her hands extended. Legends speak of the miraculous powers of healing springs or river sources associated with Paraskeva-Piatnitsa. In the Russian ritual called mokrida (from mokr -, “wet”), a sacrifice to her consisted of flax, wool, thread, or woven articles such as towels and shirts. Her most important holiday fell on October 28, a day within the annual period of flax preparation. Women may not work on this day. Disregard of this rule may bring on blindness or some other malady, or may even result in death. Piatnitsa may transform intransigent women into frogs. Posts and shrines in her honor were built at crossroads, and wooden images of her were erected as late as the twentieth century.

In northern Russia, old icons testify to the continuing importance of this pre-Indo-European goddess in Christian guise. In them, Saint Paraskeviia, who replaced Mokosh, is shown as one of a saintly triad, along with Saint Elijah (Il’ia), who replaced the Indo-European deity Perun, and Saint Blasius (Vlasii), who replaced the Indo-European deity Veles-Volos.

Rushnyk Etymology

Words with the common suffix “-nyk” (“-nik”), denoting agent nouns, indicate a general association of the new word with the base one.

  • Rushnyk: from rukahand
  • Na-: a prefix meaning “on”, i.e., the thing is supposed to be put onto something
    • Nabozhnyk: from BohGod
    • Naobraznyk: from obraz, literally “image“, meaning “God’s image”, i.e., icon
    • Nakutnyk: from kutcorner, meaning the corner where an icon is hung (by East Slavic traditions).
  • Pidnozhnyk: from pid (=under) and nohy (=feet)

бог – Wiktionary

Mar 24, 2023бог • ( boh ) m pers ( genitive бо́га, nominative plural багі́, genitive plural баго́ў, feminine багі́ня, related adjective бо́жы or бо́скі, diminutive бажо́к ) god бо́жа мой! ― bóža moj! ― oh my god! Declension [ edit] Declension of бог ( pr velar masc-form accent-c) References [ edit]


According to a 2012 survey[23] 50.5% of the population of Belgorod Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 8.1% are nondenominational Christians (excluding Protestant churches), 1.7% are Orthodox Christians who don’t belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. In addition, 22.2% of the population declares to be spiritual but not religious, 10.5% is atheist or irreligious, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[23]

Most casual students of ancient history know that the outer casing stones of the Giza pyramids were constructed of highly polished Tura limestone blocks that caused them to gleam like a trio of colossal jewels in the Egyptian sun. It is a lesser-known fact, however, that a portion of the casing stones were not light in color but dark, and that the Giza complex in its entirety once exhibited …
Jerusalem stone is the name for various types of limestone found in and around Jerusalem, ranging in color from white to yellow, pink and orange-brown, that have been used in buildings since biblical times. The most famous structure built with Jerusalem stone that stands until this very day is the Western Wall ( Kotel ).

Zedekiah’s Cave

An ancient quarry rediscovered by a dog and claimed by biblical kings, a German cult, and the Freemasons.


THE LIMESTONE ROCK QUARRY KNOWN as Zedekiah’s Cave under the Old City of Jerusalem has been a center of legend and ceremony for thousands of years.

There are several stories about the cave that are matters of faith. Legend says that stones from the quarry were commissioned by King Solomon and used to build the lost First Temple, which is why the site is sometimes referred to as Solomon’s Quarries. Another biblical king, King Zedekiah, is said to have attempted to flee a besieged Jerusalem for Jericho through this cave. When he was captured by henchmen of the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar, his sons were murdered in front of him before his eyes were put out. He spent the rest of his life blind and imprisoned. The drops of water that trickle through the cavern’s ceiling are today known as “Zedekiah’s tears.” Still another legend marks the quarry as the final resting place of Korah, who led a rebellion against Moses and was swallowed up by the earth in a godly act of retribution.

What can be proven through archeology and historical corroboration, however, is perhaps equally remarkable. The 300-foot-long subterranean chamber is entirely man-made, hollowed out by generations of labor. The total size is estimated at around five acres. Around 50 CE, Herod the Great used this quarry for building projects, including the Second Temple and what is now the Western Wall. Suleiman the Magnificent would have the cave sealed during the 16th century, fearing that invaders would be able to use it to dig tunnels right into the heart of Jerusalem.

The cave remained sealed until 1854, when an American missionary named James Turner Barclay discovered the entrance, after his dog ran into a small opening that had been revealed by heavy rainfall. In the 1880s, a German religious cult moved into the cavern, but was removed by Turkish and German authorities. The Freemasons were also drawn to the cave, as they hold particular kinship to King Solomon, who is believed to have been the first Grand Master. The group held their first ceremony in the cave in 1868 and the Freemasons of Israel continue to hold an annual ceremony in it every year.

The last known use of the cave as a quarry was for the building of the clock tower above the Jaffa Gate in the in early 1900s. However, anyone acquainted with the cavern’s long history knows there’s still time for many more tales to be told.


A ground full of crumbled Limestone

The Importance of Limestone

There is No One that Doesn’t Use Limestone

Limestone is a naturally forming mineral that is found in various amount on every continent. The Ancient Romans were among the first to use it as a building material, recognizing its aesthetic quality, and strength. It turns out, though, that limestone has more than just a pretty face to offer – its variety of uses make everything that it does a little better. The fact that limestone is a naturally-occurring stone with no help from modern man also makes it a more appealing material for its variety of uses. From the cozy indoors to the great outdoors, limestone is a multi use material that contributes a little something to everyone around.

Inside the Home

Entire buildings were once made of limestone, and as time has gone on, people have become more inventive with the carving and shaping of limestone. Beautiful work happens when stonemasons put their all into a job, and you can even bring some of this magic into your home by contacting your local limestone company. If you’re in need of beautiful and durable flooring, limestone is a great choice for any room. While the temperature will shift with the weather, you won’t be saddled with heavy cleaning once spring rolls around. Limestone is low-maintenance and long-lasting. You can use specialized industrial products, available at most hardware stores, for little bit of maintenance necessary, or you can make your own solutions.

Outside of the Home

Limestone’s usefulness for the home continues outside of the home. Strong and attractive, many people love limestone for their home’s columns and fountains. Fountains are an especially good luxury investment. Long days are more tolerable when you have the peace of a fountain. Birds may come to bathe in the still waters on and around the fountain, and you’ll enjoy seeing other animals go about their business around your pretty fountain. Maybe you want a separate birdbath for the outside of your home, or closer to your patio. Adding limestone to your home could be a comfortable patio, or a place for your flowers to bloom.

On Farms

The limestone used in agriculture has several different names, including, ‘lime.’ Limestone is a finely-ground powder, something nearly dissolvable in water. While it doesn’t ever fully dissolve in water or in soil, this type of limestone does supply nutrients, including various oxides. The oxides that are created by limestone in soil reduce the acidity of the soil, making it a more hospitable environment for the plants grown in the soil. Healthy plants come from healthy soil, and there are few supplements for your soil that are better or more effective than limestone. This same type of limestone can also be fed to livestock, and will positively contribute to their growth, and their overall health.


Again, limestone comes from calcified animal remains, pressed into a strong, attractive material. This strong, attractive material, though, isn’t only available in the type of material with which you’d build a home – it also makes for interesting and beautiful formations. A handful of tiny shells fused together actually constitutes a limestone formation! From your home in the hills to the sand on the beach, everyone loves limestone.

Limestone and its magic!


Properties: Limestone is an assisting stone used to enhance healing properties, encourages purification, reminds us of our innocence, grounds and centers us and entices positive thoughts. Due to its grounding make-up of clay, sand, organic remains, iron oxide and other materials, many limestones exhibit different colors, especially on weathered surfaces.  Limestone is the root of many crystals including, agate, calcite, dolomite, lapis and Septarian, just to name a few. Therefore, it takes on the metaphysical properties of its additional minerals. This is why limestone is such a mult-dimensional stone.

Folk Remedies: Limestone is a healing stone beneficial to overall health and well being. It gives relief for muscle spasms, nurtures, grounds and works primarily well on the Root Chakra.

History: Limestone is a sedimentary rock. Like most other sedimentary rocks, limestone forms in shallow, calm, warm marine waters and is composed of grains. Most grains in limestone are skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral or foraminifera. Other carbonate grains comprising limestones are ooids, peloids, intraclasts, and extraclasts. These organisms secrete shells made of aragonite or calcite, and leave these shells behind after the organisms die. Limestone often contains variable amounts of silica in the form of chert (chalcedony, flint, jasper, etc.) or varying amounts of clay, silt and sand carried in by rivers. Because of impurities, such as clay, sand, organic remains, iron oxide and other materials, many limestones exhibit different colors, especially on weathered surfaces.Their biological origin is often revealed in the rock by the presence of fossils. Limestone is partially soluble, especially in acid, and therefore forms many erosional landforms. These include limestone pavements, pot holes, cenotes, caves and gorges. Such erosion landscapes are known as karsts. During regional metamorphism that occurs during the mountain building process, limestone recrystallizes into marble.

Limestone has long fascinated earth scientists because of its rich fossil content. Much knowledge of the Earth’s chronology and development has been derived from the study of fossils embedded in limestone and other carbonate rocks. Limestone also has considerable commercial importance.
Limestone is composed mostly of the minerals calcite and aragonite, which are different crystal forms of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3). Dolomite, CaMg(CO 3) 2, is an uncommon mineral in limestone, and siderite or other carbonate minerals are rare. However, the calcite in limestone often contains a few percent of magnesium. Calcite in limestone is divided into low-magnesium and high-magnesium
Aragonite is a carbonate mineral, one of the three most common naturally occurring crystal forms of calcium carbonate, Ca CO 3 (the other forms being the minerals calcite and vaterite). It is formed by biological and physical processes, including precipitation from marine and freshwater environments.
Aragonite Meaning. Over 20 years ago, when Heather Askinosie began to study healing crystals, she gravitated towards the Aragonite properties, which hold a reputation of being a powerhouse mineral; one that gets to the root of a situation. If you have an issue that you’re sweeping under the rug, the properties of the Aragonite crystal meaning are going to bring it up so fast that the rug just …
Aragonite Meanings, Zodiacs, Planets, Elements, Colors, Chakras, and more. Science & Origin of Aragonite Aragonite, also known as Golfball or Sputnik Aragonite, is one of the three calcium carbonate minerals that naturally occurs within mother nature (the other two being Calcite and Vaterite). It’s commonly found crystallized in the form of small prismatic crystals, masses, stalactites, and …
Aragonite is the main component of many organic substances, such as pearl and coral. The iridescent surface of Pearl and mother-of-pearl is actually a layer of Aragonite secreted by mollusks and related invertebrates. Some forms of Aragonite, especially the Flos Ferri variety, are brittle and very fragile, and may easily break when touched …

Blast Furnace Steel Production Process

A blast furnace is a huge steel roughly cylindrical shell lined with heat-resistant brick. Steel production in a blast furnace is a continuous process. Hence, once steel manufacturing started, the production continues for years until the refractory lining is damaged or demand dropped. There are two processes by which steel is produced in a blast furnace

  • The Bessemer Process for Steel production and
  • The Open Hearth Process of Steelmaking

Steel manufacturing Principle of the Bessemer Process

The main raw materials for Steel production in a blast furnace are Iron ore, limestone, coke, and some scrap steel. These materials are charged into the blast furnace from the top and converted into molten pig iron. Next, a current of air is blown through the molten pig iron containing carbon, silicon, and manganese. These elements and some iron are oxidized. The carbon forms gas and escapes, But the oxidized silicon, manganese, and iron form a mixed ferrous-manganese silicate slag. This process is known as the Acid Bessemer Process.

The above oxidation process, especially the oxidation of silicon, produces a large amount of heat. This heat maintains the temperature and fluidity of the molten pig iron. If the content of silicon in the pig iron is very high, the heat evolved may be excessive, and cold steel scraps are added to the converter to lower the temperature.

Once the oxidation is completed, the produced mild steel contains a considerable amount of oxygen and maybe hydrogen which is rectified by spiegeleisen or ferromanganese additions. This is usually done when the metal is poured from the converter into the casting ladle.

All the reactions taking place in the converter are reflected in the flame which issues from the mouth of the converter. During the early part of the blow, when the manganese and silicon are being oxidized, the flame is short and of low luminosity, gradually increasing in length and luminosity as the blow proceeds and the carbon is eliminated. But the flame drops when decarburization is completed, and blowing is discontinued. Any prolongation of blowing after the drop of the flame results in the oxidation of iron and this is indicated by the number of brown fumes in the flame.

In the Basic Bessemer Process, the blowing is prolonged after the flame drops, and this period is known as the after-blow. The phosphorus is removed during the after-blow. The pig iron used in the basic process contains a low silicon and manganese content but is high in phosphorus. It is the oxidation of phosphorus that produces the necessary heat.

The removal of phosphorus necessitates a basic lined converter and a basic slag which is formed from lime added to the converter just before the molten pig iron is poured into it.

The procedure adopted in either the acid or basic process is similar. The molten pig iron is poured into the converter, which is in a horizontal position turned down so that the metal is away from the tuyeres. These tuyeres are fixed in the bottom of the converter and they supply the current of air. The blast is then put on, and the converter is rotated into a vertical position. Immediately the flame drops, the vessel is turned down again and the blown metal is poured into a casting ladle. At this stage, the finishing additions are usually made.

Hence, the process, whether acid or basic, consists of the following three stages:

  1. A hot metal supply.
  2. A suitable vessel for blowing the air through the molten pig iron.
  3. A casting ladle and ingot mold with an auxiliary plant, for teeming the steel into ingot form.


Pennant of K-329 “Belgorod” : submarines

IS-3 Belgorod

IS-3 Belgorod

New Details of Russian Belgorod ‘Doomsday’ Submarine Revealed

Illustration of Belgorod submarine. H I Sutton Image used with permission

Russia’s latest super-sized submarine, Belgorod, has been a conundrum for interested observers. While its existence is far from secret, Moscow has gone to great pains to keep certain key details out of the public domain. While navies traditionally hide the screw, or propeller, from the cameras, in Belgorod’s case the reverse was true: the screws were on display at the 2019 launch ceremony, but no photographs of the forward section were ever published.

Belgorod’s secret is its arrangement of the primary weapon system: a new class of nuclear-tipped torpedos. Russian state media Izvestia reported on Feb. 11 that Belgorod is being prepared for tests with the new weapon called Poseidon, a massive nuclear torpedo which is shot forward out of the front of the submarine.

The Izvestia article’s timing matches fresh satellite imagery of the submarine in the northern Russian submarine base in Severodvinsk, which may show part of the tests.

In the absence of official photographs, commercial satellite imagery has become a primary source of information. Though the long Arctic nights and thick clouds have limited access to new imagery for many months, now as the Arctic winter is waning, commercial imagery satellites are once again more active over Severodvinsk.

On Feb. 10, an Airbus satellite took a high-resolution image of the harbor. Moored next to the quay is Belgorod with its torpedo tube doors appearing to be open. These tubes are not for ordinary torpedoes but rather the Poseidon nuclear-powered, nuclear-armed torpedo. It is one of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s so-called wonder weapons, together with hypersonic missiles and a nuclear-powered cruise missile.

Poseidon Torpedo. Russian Defense Ministry Photo

The satellite imagery clearly shows two large openings in the bow. Each opening is roughly six feet (two meters) across, approximately three times the diameter of the openings for regular 21-inch (533mm) torpedoes. This is because the Poseidon weapon is about 20 to 30 times the size of a traditional heavyweight torpedo.

Revealed in 2015, the school-bus sized torpedo is a strategic weapon that is designed to slip under the U.S. ballistic missile defense network. The weapon is designed to “destroy important economic installations of the enemy in coastal areas and cause guaranteed devastating damage to the country’s territory by creating wide areas of radioactive contamination, rendering them unusable for military, economic or other activity for a long time,” according to a 2015 translation of the initial document by the BBC.

Previous reports indicate that Belgorod will be armed with six Poseidons. Being so large and nuclear powered, these are likely carried externally to the main pressure hull, so it is unclear whether all six tubes will have their own shutter doors or if they will be able to cycle through the two shutters seen in the satellite images.

One takeaway from the images is Belgorod probably has a forward hull between the two open shutter doors. This could allow regular torpedo tubes to be mounted in the bow, shooting over top of the sonar.

Although some reporting on the Poseidon implies Belgorod will be conducting test launches imminently, this is unlikely. It’s unclear if the submarine has ever conducted submergence testing, and just today the TASS Russian news agency reported the submarine is preparing to sail to sea for the first time.

The tests that the Izvestia article referenced are likely in-port mating and mechanical checks between the submarine and the weapon, which matches the satellite imagery showing the outer shutters open. This would likely be conducted with inert surrogate rounds where possible, given the safety implications of testing a nuclear-powered weapon with what is likely a minimally shielded reactor at the pier. 

While the public image of Belgorod is becoming clearer, the particulars of the new Russian boat are still shrouded in mystery.

Belgorod - Fausto Evers

Tsar Bell: A unique monument of 18th century casting art and the world’s biggest bell

 David Goran

Twenty-two feet in diameter, 21 feet high, and weighing 450,000 pounds, the Tsar Bell is considered to be the largest bell in the world and a masterpiece of 18th-century Russian casting technology.

This colossal bell was cast in 1735 by a team of nearly 200 craftsmen under the supervision of Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. The empress Anna Ioannova, the niece of Peter the Great, ordered its creation. Today, the bell stands on a large pedestal beside the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in the grounds of the Kremlin in Moscow.

World’s largest bell. Photo Credit

World’s largest bell. Photo Credit

This monument of 18th-century foundry art is also known as “Tsar Kolokol III,” because it was cast three times, with more metal was added each time. The first bell was cast during the reign of Boris Godunov (1585–1605) by Andrey Chokhov, a prominent Russian master bell caster who worked in Moscow more than 40 years.

Kolokol – Wikipedia
Kolokol is Russian word which means bell. It may refer to: Kolokol (newspaper), a newspaper edited by Alexander Herzen and Nikolay Ogarev Kolokol Group, a group of somma volcanoes located in the Kuril Islands, Russia Tsar Bell, also referred as “Tsar Kolokol“, the largest bell in the world located in the Moscow Kremlin

After it was destroyed by a fire in the middle of the 17th century, caster Emelian Danilov used

its metal, along with new materials, to create the second Tsar Kolokol, during the reign of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. It weighed 220,000 pounds but was again destroyed by fire in 1701.

After Anna Ioannovna became empress, she ordered all the pieces to be cast into a new bell with its weight increased by another hundred tons. The job was assigned to local foundry masters, Ivan and Mikhail Motorin.

Cast in bronze by the casting-masters Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. Photo Credit

Cast in bronze by the casting-masters Ivan Motorin and his son Mikhail. Photo Credit

After months of preparation, casting work began at the end of November 1734. The casting of the enormous bronze bell was a giant task that took almost two years to complete. In 1737, when it was finally raised above the casting pit to cool before the last ornamentation was completed, a terrible fire broke out in the Kremlin.

It is also known as the Royal Bell, Tsar Kolokol III, and Tsarsky Kolokol. Photo Credit

It is also known as the Royal Bell, Tsar Kolokol III, and Tsarsky Kolokol. Photo Credit

Soon, the fire spread to the wooden casting-frame that supported the bell, which fell back into its casting pit. In an attempt to prevent damage to the bell, guards threw cold water on it, causing a large piece weighing 23,000 pounds to crack off. This chunk alone weighs more than most bells in the world.

Pre-revolutionary Russian postcard of Tsar Bell in the Kremlin, before 1917. Photo Credit

Pre-revolutionary Russian postcard of Tsar Bell in the Kremlin, before 1917. Photo Credit

The Tsar Bell remained in its casting pit on Ivan Square in the Kremlin for almost one hundred years. In 1836, it was finally raised out and placed on a stone pedestal by the French architect Auguste de Montferrand, who also created the ball-shaped decoration with a golden cross on the top of the bell. This French Neoclassical architect, considered one of the greatest architects in St. Petersburg’s history, was also the mastermind behind the famous Saint Isaac’s Cathedral and the Alexander Column.

The broken Tsar Bell remained in the pit for almost 100 years after a fire in 1737 until it was raised and placed on a pedestal by Auguste de Montferrand. Photo Credit1 Photo Credit2

The broken Tsar Bell remained in the pit for almost 100 years after a fire in 1737 until it was raised and placed on a pedestal by Auguste de Montferrand. Photo Credit1 Photo Credit2

The bell is adorned with nearly life-sized images of Tsar Alexei Romanov and Tsarina Anna Ioannovna, along with plants, sacred images of saints, relief images of baroque angels, and two illustrations telling the story of the bell’s casting.

A portrait of the Empress Anna Ioannovna. Photo Credit

A portrait of the Empress Anna Ioannovna. Photo Credit

All the images and inscriptions were made by the Russian craftsmen P. Kohktev, V. Kobelev, P. Galkin, P. Serebryakov, and P. Lukovnikov.

Decorated with inscriptions telling the story of the bell, images of angels and saints, and baroque style vegetation ornaments. Photo Credit

Decorated with inscriptions telling the story of the bell, images of angels and saints, and baroque style vegetation ornaments. Photo Credit

Other famous faces depicted on it include Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary, John the Baptist, and many Russian rulers. In Russia, bells were used not only to indicate church services; they also announced important ceremonies, coronations, celebrations, and were used as an alarm in case of fire or enemy attack.

Though the bell has never been rung, it’s believed that it would be heard at a distance of 30–40 miles if it was. Along with the Tsar Cannon, the largest bombard by caliber in the world, the Tsar Bell dominates Ivanovskaya Square in Moscow’s Kremlin