The Ancient Mystery Religion – The MAGI(CIANS)

This topic is hugely overwhelming.  So much information to review, sort through, gather together and put into a format that is easy to view and enlightening.  I pray that I am a faithful servant and have followed God’s leading.  Only when He speaks are lives changed.  Stay with me through this series.  We will dig through it together.

I will begin this post with a couple of songs.  I am sure you all remember it was a hit on the stage, in the movie theater and on TV.  Touching the deepest desire of most everyone on earth.  

FAME 38 Years Since Fan Famous Series Premiere  May 16, 1980,  Song 1980,  Broadway Opening Nov 09, 1998, TV series May 28, 2003, 

I’m gonna live forever
I feel it comin’ together
People will see me and cry, fame
I’m gonna make it to heaven
Light up the sky like a flame, fame
I’m gonna live forever
Baby, remember my name
Remember, remember, remember, remember
Remember, remember, remember, remember

I sing the body electric -“Fame” (lyrics) HD

Jun 24, 2018
“I sing the body electric” is one of the tracks on the 1980 Motion picture soundtrack album “Fame”. The vocals were sung by Laura Dean, Irene Cara, Paul McCrane, Traci Parnell and Eric Brockington. “Fame” was released in the United States on May 16, 1980 by RSO Records. It features nine songs, all of which appear in various scenes in the film. In his review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine awarded the album five stars out of five and wrote, “Yes, the production techniques often do sound dated … but the music by Michael Gore is dynamic, varied and alive. It was sung with real passion and vigor and it still retains its essential spark 23 years after it was a pop culture phenomenon.” – wikipedia

I highly doubt that anyone had a clue what that song was all about.  The body electric, is about how our bodies are made of energy. The magi want you to believe that we are nothing more than that, just sparks of energy all united.  They want you to believe that by fine tuning your energy, you can become one with the SUN, Moon and Stars.  Leave this physical body and become GOD.  MUSIC and PROSE was the Druid Magi’s way of keeping the magic flowing.  Still today, we are under the spell of the musicians and poets, who are under the spell of dark spiritual entities.

I Sing the Body Electric –  Fame

Gold Star GIFs | Tenor  Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

Gold Star GIFs | TenorGold Star GIFs | Tenor

I Sing the Body Electric

Gold Star GIFs | TenorI sing the body electric
I celebrate the me yet to come        Gold Star GIFs | Tenor
I toast to my own reunion
When I become one with the sun
And I’ll look back on Venus                      Gold Star GIFs | Tenor
I’ll look back on Mars
And I’ll burn with the fire of ten million stars
And in time, and in time we will all be stars
And in time, and in time we will all be stars   

         Gold Star GIFs | TenorGold Star GIFs | Tenor

Gold Star GIFs | TenorGold Star GIFs | Tenor    Gold Star GIFs | TenorGold Star GIFs | Tenor

Gold Star GIFs | Tenor Gold Star GIFs | Tenor Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

          Gold Star GIFs | TenorGold Star GIFs | Tenor

I sing the body electric            Gold Star GIFs | Tenor  
I glory in the glow of rebirth              Gold Star GIFs | Tenor         
Creating my own tomorrow
When I shall embody the earth           Gold Star GIFs | Tenor
And I’ll serenade Venus
I’ll serenade Mars      Gold Star GIFs | Tenor
And I’ll burn with the fire of ten million stars
And in time, and in time we will all be stars

We are the emperors now and we are the czars

And in time, and in time we will all be stars
    Gold Star GIFs | Tenor                  Gold Star GIFs | Tenor          Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

    Gold Star GIFs | Tenor         Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

           Gold Star GIFs | Tenor

Everybody wants to be a star.  Everybody wants control over their own life.  Everybody wants to be a GOD.  And that is what the devil promises.  Nothing has changed since that first day in the Garden.  The Devil’s promise is still that YOU SHARE BECOME AS GOD.  He knows that is a lie.  We will NEVER BE GOD.  God will not share his glory.  The desire to be AS GOD is what caused Lucifer to fall. 

Although we are now a little lower than the angels, we are to be children of GOD.  When all is fulfilled, we will take our place as joint heirs with Christ.   We will be JUDGING ANGELS.   The Angels will bow to us, that is what they rebelled against.  Thinking they deserved better because they came first.  

We will not be GODS.  We will rule and reign with Christ.  Don’t throw away the marvelous future GOD has planned for you, in exchange for a poor substitute, worse yet, an outright lie.

Through this series, I hope to show you that the “Mystery Religion” mentioned in the bible was established very early on through humans who were inspired (meaning influenced by spirits) by the Fallen.  These humans are MAGI/MAGICIANS/WITCHES known by other names throughout the earth, but inspired by the same evil entities bent on our destruction.  

Throughout history and even more so today, people are looking for immortality outside of God’s plan.  Folks are taking drugs, eating all kinds of food products, having surgeries, pursuing every kind of spiritual experience, even looking to aliens and outer space… to find, immortality, eternal youth.  And everyone wants to be a star.  It is no longer enough to live a quiet an happy life as God designed.  EVERYONE has to be an over achiever.  You are never pretty enough, strong enough, wise enough, productive enough, successful enough.  MORE..MUST HAVE MORE.  GOT TO SHINE!  MUST BE NOTICED.  EVEN BETTER TO BE WORSHIPED!
Science is happy to oblige.  They can make you all that you can be.  DNA modification, Transplants, Implants, NANOTECH, Transhumanism… THEY CAN MAKE YOU SUPERHUMAN!   JUST LIKE MAGIC…
Let’s search out the root of MAGIC…  We will start with DRUIDS. 


Reflections on Druidic Christology
by Rev. Alistair Bate ~

“My Druid is Christ, the Son of God, Christ, Son of Mary, The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, the Great Abbot.” – Saint Columba

Abbot – From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abbot (From the Aramaic Abba meaning “father”) is an ecclesiastical title given to the male head of a monastery in various western religious traditions, including Christianity. The office may also be given as an honorary title to a clergyman who is not the head of a monastery. The female equivalent is abbess.

The Word of GOD says “And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.”Matthew 23:9
So, we see the “Christianity” was polluted very shortly after it began, just like the Faith of the Hebrews.  The idea of a monestary was not Christian.  That was the practice of the Buddhists.  It did not take long once they set up the monestaries to set up celebacy as a practice for the Priesthood.  Also, not a biblical practice.  NEVER a part of God’s plan.
     It is well known that there are today, and have been, probably for nearly two thousand years, Christian Druids. (Christian Druid is an Oxymoron) This venerable tradition is, however, in danger of being superseded as we move out of the age of Pisces and into the age of Aquarius. The danger I perceive is that, sensing the power of the new wave of spiritual activity on our planet, the new devotees will miss the opportunity to integrate the best of the old with the new forms of spiritual practice. (Bear in mind that this article is written from a New Age perspective.)

     If Druids are to be true to both our (clearly the writer identifies themself as a Druid) highest calling as human beings and to the traditionally tolerant, inclusive and universalist Druid tradition, then we need to make ‘integration’ our watchword for the next century at least. A wholescale rejection of Christianity in favour of a reconstructed Paganism can only lead to more ignorance and fundamentalism. Hence my wish to write something about specifically Christian Druidry. What one might call ‘Christian Druidism’ is largely theologically incoherent. However, scholars much more able than I have offered some observations on the relationship of pre-Christian Druidic deities with Christian theology and some others, such as past Chiefs of the Ancient Druid Order and the Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids, have attempted to give ceremonial expression to deeply felt theological convictions.
     As an example of orthodox Christology finding its way into Druidic ceremonial I would like to consider the benediction at the end of the traditional (O.B.O.D.) ritual for Imbolc; “May the blessing of the Uncreated One, of the Created Word and of the Spirit that is the Inspirer be always with us. May the world be filled with harmony and Light. ….” In this case, the writer (probably Chief Nuinn/Ross Nichols, Chief of the Order of Bard, Ovates and Druids and Celtic Orthodox Deacon) was obviously inspired by the opening verses of St John’s gospel. This in itself may be no accident given the popularly alleged association between a Gnostic Johannine tradition and Celtic Christianity. However, the writer may also have been influenced by a passage in “The Barddas of Iolo Morgannwg”, where God the Father is referred to as HEN DDIHENYDD, (meaning the Ancient or Unoriginated One). Iolo goes on to say that “God the Son is called IAU” (meaning Younger), “that is, God under a finite form and corporeity, …. And when he became man in this world, he was called Jesus Christ”. Iolo goes on to explain some of the epithets of Jesus. Two in particular are of interest; “and he also has other names, such as PERYDD, (Causer/ first cause), and God the NER, (Energy/ the Powerful).
The theological difficulty with the above is that Iolo appears at once to imply that Jesus Christ was himself both created and Creator. Such is the difficulty arising from the church’s teaching in the Nicene creed that Jesus was “begotten, not created”. It would appear, therefore, that Iolo’s Christology leans towards Arianism, though it doesn’t quite get there, and that Chief Nuinn’s Christology leans in the same direction. A more orthodox rendering of Chief Nuinn’s triadic formula might be “May the blessing of the Uncreated One, of the Creative Word and of the Spirit that is the Inspirer be always with us”. This, I believe, would not only be more truly in tune with the bardic experience, but would also resonate with the Om/Creation idea found in the Hindu tradition. As we envision Awen, the primordial sound, echoing out of the void, we connect with our own creative inspiration as part of that first creative Word, which is in Christian terms, at once Christ and his Spirit.
     In fact, our own potential divinity, a very orthodox idea, is affirmed by Iolo when he writes that “Jesus Christ, the Son of God, came down from Gwynvyd to the Little World in the condition of man, in order to teach, warn, direct, and inform those who seek to be divine.” It is this urge towards personal transformation, and ultimately theosis or divinisation, that is at the very heart of both Christian mysticism and Christian Druidism, the allowing of Awen, the Creative Word, to do its transforming work in us. Looking at what one might call pre-figurings of the Trinity among the ancient Celts, one is immediately struck by the theological common ground shared by middle eastern mystery religions, among which I would count Christianity, and the mystery religions of Western Europe. These similarities and correspondences were perhaps understood and grasped most perfectly by Chief Nuinn/Ross Nichols and presented, posthumously, in his “Book of Druidry”.
     It is quite well known that ancient Druidism had, as Chief Nuinn wrote, “an essential spirit called Hesus or Esus, linked with the Oak tree, which seemed a plain anticipation of Jesus upon the tree of the cross.” Iolo Morgannwg goes so far as to identify Hu/Hesus/Esus with Jesus Christ: “Hu the Mighty, -Jesus the Son of God, the least in respect of His worldly greatness whilst in the flesh, and the greatest in heaven of all visible majesties.” The editor of Barddas, Revd J. Williams ab Ithel, helpfully goes on to explain that “the meaning of “Hu”, is that which is apt to pervade, or to spread over. It is used as an epithet of the deity, in reference to His omniscience, and is not unfrequently to be met with as such in the words of the Bards…..” Chief Nuinn links Esus in a triad of Gods with Teutates and Cernunnos, as their statues were discovered together in Paris, but perhaps more intriguingly, Hesus is also linked with Beli, the “Sun Disk”, and Taruos Trigaranus (the Bull God of three cranes) . Chief Nuinn notices what he calls a “unity of idea” within the Hesus/Beli/Taruos triad. Beli “the sun disk” can be identified with both the Aten of Akhenaten and Adon/Adonai of Moses, in both cases the (same) Father aspect of the divinity, but Beli can also be seen as the Solar Logos, the Creative Word or Son aspect. Hu can be seen as both emergent from the Oak tree – the Mabon/Christ child

Mabon (young god) In Celtic mythology, a Welsh sun god and hero, son of Ruien and Modron, brother of Owain, noted for his hunting, his hound, and his swift horse. (Mabon is associated with the STAT GOD/CERNUNOUS/THE HUNTER) Mabon alone is able to seize a razor from behind the ear of a boar. In later Arthurian legend Mabon is a mortal released from prison by King Arthur, who needed his help in the chase of the boar Twrch Trwyth.  Source

– and as the Origin, the Father of all . Taruos, as a bull God, parallels the Canaanite Baal and the Greek Zeus, both Father God types associated with bull cults, while the crane as the Celtic bird of Wisdom parallels Sophia, Holy Wisdom, most often symbolised by a dove.

CRANE – Wisdom comes with age and with wisdom comes esoteric knowledge. Crane, symbol of secret knowledge, was attributed supernatural qualities by the Celts. It was believed that through watching the bending of Crane’s legs, Celtic Ogma created ogham – the sacred alphabet of druidic tradition. Druidic teachings are often called “crane knowledge.” St Columba, a famous 6th century Irish monk whose early training was in Druidry was called a crane cleric.

Crane was sacred to early Celts. Albeit most associated with women and goddesses, Annwn, King of the Celtic Underworld, could shape-shift into Crane – three cranes guarded the entrance to his Underworld.

Though the Celts often associated Crane with treachery, war and evil women, Celtic mythology places Crane as guardian of Otherworld secrets.  Source

Hence we see that Hesus/Hu and Beli both contain Father and Son aspects while Taruos contains Father and Spirit aspects of the Christian Trinity. Perhaps there is indeed a “unity of idea” here. In practical terms and from a monotheistic Druidic perspective, there is one obvious flaw in the triadic formulas of the past and that is their seeming maleness and consequent reinforcement of patriarchy. (And here we go, they want to make out that Christianity and Druidism are one in the same, however, they want to throw out the Patriarchy established by GOD and bring in the CRONE/GODDESS of every Paganism and most primarily WITCHCRAFT which the Christian/Hebrew GOD of the bible absolutely forbids!) The Maiden/Mother/Crone model favoured by Wiccans is a modern invention, though of course the triple Matronae and the three battle Goddesses of Ireland are very ancient. I would wish, however, to make room for the feminine aspect of Divinity in a more orthodox model. Chief Nuinn writes that “Teut, Hu and Bel may be reckoned a trinity of shapes of the One; but there is always the fourth, the feminine balance, the all-mother Ana” . Ana/Anu/Dana/Danu is the mother of all the Gods of the ancient Irish, the Tuatha De Danann, the people of Danu. Interestingly, a Hindu Goddess shares the same name. To call Ana, the Grandmother of the Gods would not, in fact, be incongruous. To Gnostic ears too, this would not sound strange, as one neo-gnostic “Ave” petition reads, “Holy Sophia, Mother all the Gods, pray for us now and at the hour of our death”. If Mary is Theokotos, the Mother of God, then her mother, St. Anne/Anna could be called Grandmother of God. Popularly, though it has never been defined satisfactorily, Mary is not only the Mother of Christ and Mother of God, she is also called, in the Litany of Loreto, “Mother of the Creator”. We are used to the image of Mary as mother of Jesus, but have we really considered her as Mother of the Creator. Preceding even the utterance of the creative Word, She was, as Sophia, the breath – that is the life – of God hovering over the waters . Though the historical Mary is hardly an empowering archetype, nevertheless, I believe that a proper mystical understanding of, and devotion to, the Mother of God, the “Cosmic Mary”, if you will, is a viable alternative to Celtic pagan Goddess reconstruction, beautifully creative though that can be. In the 4th century St Augustine declared, “That which is called the Christian Religion existed among the Ancients, and never did not exist, from the beginning of the Human Race until Christ came in the flesh, at which time true religion, which already existed began to be called Christianity”.  (Once again the enemy takes a sliver of truth to drown you in his huge lie)

Two Points 
1. From the beginning God promised the Messiah/Savior would come from a virgin.
2. The Devil has known even more about the plan of GOD and the ways of GOD because he was the covering over God’s thrown and the Chief Angel in heaven before his fall.  He knew the plan, He knew the TRINITY, he is the creator of all false religions.  He developed these before Christ’s arrival on earth, and pretends that he had the true religion all along. 

That the religion of our most ancient ancestors is in essence very similar to that of our more recent ancestors is the conviction that keeps some of us simultaneously both Druid and Christian. (If they knew the TRUTH of the WORD of GOD, they would not hold on to PAGAN gods and PAGAN ways.)  Bibliography: The Barddas of Iolo Morgannwg – J. Williams ab Ithel, ed., 1862 – Weiser (2004). The Book of Druidry – Ross Nichols – Thorsons 1990.


added 7/26/22

Colombo – Wikipedia
It lists naramba (to see) and kolamba (ford or harbour) as deriving from the indigenous Vedda language. Kolamba may also be the source of the name of the commercial capital Colombo. History. As Colombo possesses a natural harbour, it was known to Indian, Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab and Chinese traders over 2,000 years ago.spacer

Colombocity, executive and judicial capital of Sri Lanka.  Colombo is a principal port on the Indian Ocean. It has one of the largest artificial harbours in the world and handles the majority of Sri Lanka’s foreign trade.  The Sinhalese called the port Kolamba, which the Portuguese thought was derived from the Sinhalese word for mango trees (kola, “leaves,” and amba, “mango”). A more likely explanation is that kolamba was an old Sinhalese word meaning “port” or “ferry.”


“Saint” COLUMBA was originally a trained DRUID Bard, once he came to recognize Christianity as the one True Religion, he was unfortunately  under the influence of the ROMAN CHURCH.  The Roman Catholic Church was filled with Pagans who were not sincerely Born of the Spirit of the Creator God. The Roman Church was more concerned with making everyone of ONE Religion.  Just like the current New World Order. 

He says: “Then I was fleeing from refuge to refuge and from cliff to cliff, protecting myself from wolves. Ireland was empty for thirty-two years. Age came upon me at last, and I could no longer travel. I was in cliffs and in wildernesses, and I had caves of my own.

“The son of Agnoman landed, my father’s brother. I used to see them from the cliffs, and hid from them: I was shaggy, clawed, wrinkled, naked, wretched, sorrowful. I was asleep one night. I saw that I went into the shape of a wild stag. I was there thereafter: I was young, and in good spirits, and the lord of a herd, and I made a circuit of Ireland with a great herd of stags around me.”

In the end, he meets St Patrick and converts to Christianity. Arthur Rackham illustrated the moment that Túan Mac Cairill turns into a hawk: Echoes of the great Ursula Le Guin!


Colmcille is granted a portion of land in a place called Daire Calgach, on the west bank of the Foyle. He builds a church here called Dubh Regles or the ‘Black Abbey  (Literally means BLACK FATHER) or church’. The island of ‘Daire’ is the old Irish word for oak grove (Oak Groves are the most ritually sacred place where DRUIDs worship), which eventually lends its name to the city of Derry. Although Derry is the place most associated with Colmcille in Ireland, he travels far and wide in Ireland, founding monasteries and churches, travelling to such areas as Moone in South Kildare, Swords in Dublin and the Burren in County Clare.

Leaving Derry is a painful leave-taking for Colmcille, and the night before departure is spent lying on Leac na Cumha (the flagstone of loneliness) in his birthplace of Gartan.

Leac na Cumha or the Stone of Sorrow is stone set into a large  oval-shaped mound with a U-shaped setting of stones that opens to the northIt is here on this stone that the saint is said to have been born.


Leac na Cumha in Lacknacoo

The Leac na Cumha is located along the south-eastern edge of the mound. It is a flat slab of stone and its surface is covered in prehistoric rock art. The art  consists of cup-marks c. 0.1m in diameter.  (could those cup-marks represent celestial bodies?)


Leac na Cumha is covered in rock art     Source

Colmcille arrives in Argyll, where he makes contact with king Conall MacComhgall of Dal Riada, a territory incorporating southwest Scotland and northeast of Ireland. Although he doe not convert him to Christianity King Conall grants him the island of Iona in the Western isles of Scotland, on which to found his monastery. From here Colmcille spreads the word of Christianity in Scotland, Northern England and also in to Europe.

Although living in Scotland, he makes occasional journeys home, taking part in a convention of kings at Drum Ceat near Limavady, Co Derry, in 574, and founding a monastery at Durrow, Co Offaly in 585. Rest, when it comes, is of the permanent kind. Just after Easter in 597, in his 76th year, Colmcille dies at his monastery in Iona. His monks buried him in the grounds of his monastery on Iona and many years later his bones were disinterred and are thought to be buried in Downpatrick, County Down, with St. Patrick and St. Brigid.



One of the earliest surviving accounts of the Persian mágoi was provided by the Greek historian Herodotus.

The English words magicmage and magician come from the Latin magus, through the Greek μάγος, which is from the Old Persian maguš. (𐎶𐎦𐎢𐏁, magician).[11] The Old Persian magu- is derived from the Proto-Indo-European *magh (be able). The Persian term may have led to the Old Sinitic *Mᵞag (mage or shaman).[12] The Old Persian form seems to have permeated ancient Semitic languages as the Talmudic Hebrew magosh, the Aramaic amgusha (“magician”), and the Chaldean maghdim (“wisdom and philosophy”); from the first century BCE onwards, Syrian magusai gained notoriety as magicians and soothsayers.[13]

Magic is the practice of beliefs, rituals and/or actions which are said to control and manipulate, either natural or supernatural, beings and forces.[1] Typically, magic is categorised as independent from both religion and science, due to its various beliefs and practices.[1]

Individuals who engage in magical practices are referred to as either magicians or witches.[2] Although, connotations have varied from positive to negative at times throughout history,[3] magic “continues to have an important religious and medicinal role in many cultures today”.[4]

Within Western culture, magic has been linked to ideas of the Other,[5] foreignness,[6] and primitivism;[7] indicating that it is “a powerful marker of cultural difference”[8] and likewise, a non-modern phenomenon.[9] During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, Western intellectuals perceived the practice of magic to be a sign of a primitive mentality and also commonly attributed it to marginalised groups of people.[8]

In modern occultism and Neopagan religions, many self-described magicians and witches regularly practice ritual magic;[10] defining magic as a technique for bringing about change in the physical world through the force of one’s will. This definition was popularised by Aleister Crowley (1875-1947), an influential British occultist, and since that time other religions (e.g. Wicca and LaVeyan Satanism) and magical systems (e.g. Chaos Magic) have adopted it.


Birds: Messengers of the Otherworld – Their Celtic Symbolism

As I commented on previous posts, animal worship was very common amongst the ancient Celts.

According to their inward meaning, which may of course undergo transformations, they regarded animals as human souls or their embodiment, and also held totemistic and hunting cults.

This association of Spirit Animals or “Totems” is based upon the ancient Celtic belief that all life is related, the spirits of earth, water, air, and fire, the spirits of a place, the trees, the flora and the animals that they lived with side by side. Many ancient stories tell how the Druids could “shapeshift” into animal form even present on legends like the one of Ceridwen and Taliesin.

In the practice of their tribal religion Celts have chosen to adopt a personal spirit animal helper, which has special meaning to them. Normally this belief is accompanied by a totemic myth.

The Celtic clans had banners on which were displayed the picture or symbol of their clan animal, as with the banners of the Fianna. Individual devices were painted on shields and sometimes tattooed on the body. This may well be the origin of the heraldic devices that became so popular in later times.

We may also consider certain shamanistic practice by druids for employing swan feathers to make the ritual cloak of the Bards probably considering the swan as  “assistant spirit,” or even“guardian spirit” , clear reference to the shamanic ability of flight.

This connection to the realm of spirits and the gods, undoubtedly led their path in search for secrets and wisdom.

Nearly all shamanic cultures believe in Animal Allies or helpers. These creatures have the appearance and many of the characteristics and behaviour patterns of ordinary animals, birds, and fish, but they can communicate with the shaman. Sometimes these animals become protectors and guides for the shaman, both while she/he is journeying in the Otherworlds and in the physical realm.

Other ways to enter the other world are by charm, like the song from magical birds (Ford, 71), or by spell, like the mist descending over land (Ford, 77). Wells, springs, rivers, and earthen mounds are some of the magical places that border with or co-exist in the other world. In these places, magic is much more prevalent and sometimes even time passes differently there.

Specific animals have specific associations depending on the characteristics of the type of animal. Birds, fish, serpents, deer, cattle, swine, and so on all tend to be used as symbols.

Animals in Celtic mythology are tied in with fertility and vitality, because they are living, moving, and growing. They also provide vitality and continued life for the tribes through their meat, skins, and bones. 

Celts have a particular connection with Birds, amongst other species. Birds are usually used to represent prophetic knowledge, bloodshed, and skill(Interesting that those are the things that The FALLEN ANGELS taught to humans.  Secret knowledge, the art of war, and crafts/skills.)

They (birds) play an enormous role in Celtic mythology, figuring as divine emblems and as messengers of the gods. Chief among the sacred birds of the Celts were the raven, the swan, and the crane, although numerous other birds including geese, ducks, and even owls were held sacred at various times. Many early images of Celtic deities depict them with birds in the place of hands, emphasizing the importance of the birds as divine servants.

In an omen, birds can be either the message or the messenger. For example, Morrígan came in the shape of a bird to warn the Brown Bull. The interpretation of their calls and movements can lead to knowledge of future events. Birds, especially ravens and crows, usually presage bloodshed and battle, when they are associated with it, sticking with the theme of prophesy. 

Birds can also be used to demonstrate a warrior’s prowess by their method of capture. Lleu Llaw Gyffes was so skilled he could hit birds with a stone without killing them outright. Cúchulainn demonstrated even more prowess capturing birds skillfully, but his son, Connla was still more skilled. He could not only stun them with a stone, but also with only his voice.

Exceptionally magic or ancient animals speak the language of humans and can pass on their wisdom through speech. (From this belief we get the old addage “a little birdy told me so.”) By and large birds are associated with speech. Branwen took an ordinary starling and taught it to understand enough speech to find her brother. Gwyrhyr & Arthur’s messengers conversed with an eagle, an owl, a stag, a blackbird, and a salmon to learn ancient knowledge from them. 

A special understanding of the speech of animals can yield a great advantage. Some heroes have gained knowledge of the speech of birds, enabling them to be warned of danger or told secrets by the birds. Davidson mentions a less mythical middle-Irish manuscript describing how to determine the approach of visitors through interpretation of bird calls.

Animals appear as an omen by their appearance and activity through a symbolic message. The type of animal and their activity is the substance of the message. On the eve of his battle with Sir Mordred, King Arthur dreamt of being devoured by serpents, dragons, and other water beasts. The serpents and dragons alone mean great troubles within the land. King Arthur was destroyed by this mass of troubles, because the next day, he was defeated in a battle during the civil war with Sir Mordred (Baines, 497-498). 

Another example of an omen is Deirdre’s dream of the three great birds. They arrived bearing honey and left with blood, symbolizing treachery on the part of king Conchobar (Pilkington, 177). Movements of smaller animals, such as birds and rabbits, have also been interpreted to divine the future (Davidson, 11, MacCulloch, 219, 247).

  • Crane (Corr):  

 At one time the crane was a common animal in the British Isles. One late Celtic tradition, apparently originated after the arrival of Christianity, is that cranes are people who are paying a penance for wrong-doing. The crane is associated with the Cailleach and Manannan mac Lir, who made his crane bag from its skin. The crane, with its colors of black, white, and red, was a Moon bird, sacred to the Triple Goddess. Magic, shamanic travel, learning and keeping secrets, reaching deeper mysteries and truths

The Druid’s Crane Bag

A druid’s crane bag is a special bag, a magical bag, that many druids carry with them. Often full of shells, rocks, magical objects, feathers, stones, Ogham staves, representations of the elements, ritual tools, and much more,


COLUMBA : There are several accounts of Columba’s life, all attesting to the miraculous signs which preceded his birth at Gartan, Co. Donegal, in 521.  Saint Buite, the dying abbot of Monasterboice in Co. Louth, is said to have foretold the birth of “a child illustrious before God and men”. Columba was of royal blood. His father Phelim was of the Uí Néill clan and descended from the famous Niall of the Nine Hostages, while his mother Eithne was descended from a king of Leinster.

It was the custom for the children of ruling families to be fostered, but unusually Columba was put into the care of a priest. The boy’s daily practice of reading the psalms led his young contemporaries to call him Columcille (Colum of the church) and he is more usually known by that name in Ireland. He went on to study under Saint Finnian of Moville, Co. Down, where his prayers are said to have turned spring water into communion wine. He later became a pupil of Saint Finnian of Clonard and was destined to become the most famous of the latter’s “twelve apostles of Ireland”. Columba also spent time with a Leinster bard named Gemman, in whose company he witnessed the murder of a young girl and vowed that as the girl’s soul went to Heaven the murderer’s soul would go to Hell. When the murderer immediately died, Columba’s reputation spread rapidly.

Columba established his first monastery at Derry in 548. Others followed, notably Durrow in Co. Offaly, which became famous for the Celtic artistry of its illuminated manuscripts. In 563 Columba sailed with twelve followers to found a monastery on the Scottish island of Iona, which was part of the Scottish kingdom of Dalriada, ruled by his cousin Conaill.

Legend has it that Columba’s exile was an act of penance, and that he deliberately chose an island out of sight of his beloved Ireland. During a visit to Moville, Columba is said to have secretly copied a book of psalms. When Finnian discovered this, he insisted on having the copy. Columba refused to hand it over, and their dispute was referred to the high king, Diarmuid, who ruled: “To every cow her calf, and to every book its copy”. Columba already resented Diarmuid for slaying a youth to whom the saint had given sanctuary and he persuaded his kinsmen to wage war. Diarmuid was defeated at Cuildreimhne, Co. Sligo and Columba was blamed for the hundreds of dead. When a synod called on him to make amends by converting an equal number of pagans, he opted to work among the Picts of Scotland.

The extent of Columba’s missionary work has probably been exaggerated by his early biographers, but there is no doubting the profound influence of Iona on the Celtic Church as a whole, and on the spread of Christianity in Scotland and northern England. Columba was also a political figure of consequence. His early conversion of Brude, king of the Picts, reduced the threat of attacks on Christian Dalriada. In 575, returning to Ulster for a convention held at Drum Ceatt, he negotiated the Scottish kingdom’s independence from the Irish Dalriada. At the same convention he persuaded King Aedh to preserve the bards of Ireland, whose satires had made them unpopular.

Columba died on Iona in 597. Chronicles of his life appeared in the following century, most notably from Saint Adomnán, who attributed to him many prophecies, visions and miracles, not least of which was warding off the Loch Ness monster with the sign of the cross.      Source

From the Appletree Press title: A Little Book of Celtic Saints.

St Columba and the Isle of Iona

by Ben Johnson

Lying off the west coast of the Isle of Mull the tiny Isle of Iona, barely three miles long by one mile wide, has had an influence out of all proportion to its size on the establishment of Christianity in Scotland, England and throughout mainland Europe.

Iona’s place in history was secured in 563 AD when St. Columba arrived on its white sandy beaches with 12 followers, built his first Celtic church and established a monastic community.

Once settled, the Irish monk set about converting most of pagan Scotland and northern England to the Christian ROMAN CATHOLIC faith. Iona’s fame as a missionary centre and outstanding place of learning eventually spread throughout Europe, turning it into a place of pilgrimage for several centuries to come. Iona became a sacred isle where kings of Scotland (48), Ireland (4) and Norway (8) were buried.

So who was St. Columba or Colum Cille in Gaelic…? Born of royal blood in 521 AD in Ireland, or Scotia as it was then called, he was the grandson of the Irish King Niall. He left Ireland for Scotland not as a missionary but as an act of self-imposed penance for a bloody mess he had caused at home. He had upset the king of Ireland by refusing to hand over a copy of the Gospels he had illegally copied, this led to a pitched battle in which Columba’s warrior family prevailed. Full of remorse for his actions and the deaths he had ultimately caused he fled, finally setting on Iona as the first place he found from where he couldn’t see his native Ireland. One of the features on the island is even called “The Hill with its back to Ireland”.

St. Columba however, was not the shy retiring type and set about building Iona’s original abbey from clay and wood. In this endeavour he displayed some strange idiosyncrasies, including banishing women and cows from the island, claiming that “where there is a cow there is a woman, and where there is a woman there is mischief”. The abbey builders had to leave their wives and daughters on the nearby Eilean nam Ban (Woman’s Island). Stranger still, he also banished frogs and snakes from Iona. How he accomplished this feat is not as well documented.

The strangest claim of all however is that Columba was prevented from completing the building of the original chapel until a living person had been buried in the foundations. His friend Oran volunteered for the job and was duly buried. It is said that Columba later requested that Oran’s face to be uncovered so he could bid a final farewell to his friend. Oran’s face was uncovered and he was found to be still alive but uttering such blasphemous descriptions of Heaven and Hell that Columbus ordered that he be covered up immediately!  (this is the first time I actually saw him called Columbus. Long after I had reached my understanding that this is where we get the name COLUMBIA ‘not Christopher Columbus’. I knew that there was something much darker and more powerful than just a guy who sailed a boat into the “new land”.  Which was not really a new land at all.  I am not saying the name Columbia is only from this DRUID named Columba either.  The name has deeper roots.)

Over the centuries the monks of Iona produced countless elaborate carvings, manuscripts and Celtic crosses. Perhaps their greatest work was the exquisite Book of Kells,

The Book of Kells (LatinCodex CenannensisIrishLeabhar Cheanannais; Dublin, Trinity College Library, MS A. I. [58], sometimes known as the Book of Columba) is an illuminated manuscript Gospel book in Latin, containing the four Gospels of the New Testament together with various prefatory texts and tables. It was created in a Columban monastery in either Britain or Ireland and may have had contributions from various Columban institutions from both Britain and Ireland. It is believed to have been created c. 800 AD. The text of the Gospels is largely drawn from the Vulgate, although it also includes several passages drawn from the earlier versions of the Bible known as the Vetus Latina. It is a masterwork of Western calligraphy and represents the pinnacle of Insular illumination. (Most Insular art originates from the Irish monastic movement of Celtic Christianity, or metalwork for the secular elite, and the period begins around 600 with the combining of Celtic and Anglo-Saxon styles. One major distinctive feature is interlace decoration, in particular the interlace decoration as found at Sutton Hoo, in East Anglia.)  It is also widely regarded as one of Ireland’s finest national treasures. The manuscript takes its name from the Abbey of Kells, which was its home for centuries.

The illustrations and ornamentation of the Book of Kells surpass that of other Insular Gospel books in extravagance and complexity. The decoration combines traditional Christian iconography with the ornate swirling motifs typical of Insular art. Figures of humans, animals and mythical beasts, together with Celtic knots and interlacing patterns in vibrant colours, enliven the manuscript’s pages (meaning bring a spiritual life not of GOD). Many of these minor decorative elements are imbued with Christian symbolism and so further emphasise the themes of the major illustrations.

The manuscript today comprises 340 leaves or folios; the recto and verso of each leaf total 680 pages. Since 1953, it has been bound in four volumes. The leaves are high-quality calf vellum; the unprecedentedly elaborate ornamentation that covers them includes ten full-page illustrations and text pages that are vibrant with decorated initials and interlinear miniatures, marking the furthest extension of the anti-classical and energetic qualities of Insular art (meaning having a spiritual energy, from DRUIDIC magic). The Insular majuscule script of the text appears to be the work of at least three different scribes. The lettering is in iron gall ink, and the colours used were derived from a wide range of substances, some of which were imported from distant lands.

which dates from 800 AD, currently on display in Trinity College, Dublin. Shortly after this in 806 AD came the first of the Viking raids when many of the monks were slaughtered and their work destroyed.

The Celtic Church, lacking central control and organisation, diminished in size and stature over the years to be replaced by the much larger and stronger Roman Church. Even Iona was not exempt from these changes and in 1203 a nunnery for the Order of the Black Nuns was established and the present-day Benedictine Abbey was built. The Abbey was a victim of the Reformation and lay in ruins until 1899 when its restoration started.

No part of St. Columba’s original buildings have survived, however on the left hand side of the Abbey entrance can be seen a small roofed chamber which is claimed to mark the site of the saint’s tomb.

How to get there:
Passenger ferry form Fionnphort on the Isle of Mull. Ferries to the Isle of Mull from Oban, Lochaline and Kilchoan on the Ardnamurchan peninsular.


Colum History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Colum is one of the names derived from the families of the ancient Dalriadan clans of Scotland. It is derived from the Scottish name MacCallum, which means “the son of the gillie of Callum.” However, the full form of the name was used until the 17th century. The Callums were an import branch of the Clan McLeod of Raasay.

Early Origins of the Colum family

The surname Colum was first found in Argyllshire (Gaelic erra Ghaidheal), the region of western Scotland corresponding roughly with the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute, where they held a family seat from very early times.

Early History of the Colum family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Colum research. Another 126 words (9 lines of text) covering the year 1636 is included under the topic Early Colum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Colum Spelling Variations

Spelling in the medieval era was a highly imprecise process. Translation, particularly from Gaelic to English, was little better. For these reasons, early Scottish names are rife with spelling variations. In various documents Colum has been spelled Callum, MacColum, MacCallum, Colum, Callam, Callem, Calam and many more.

Migration of the Colum family

The hardy Scots who made the crossing settled all along the east coast of North America and in the great west that was just then opening up. At the time of the American War of Independence, many United Empire Loyalists moved north from the American colonies to Canada. Scottish national heritage became better known in North America in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic events. An examination of immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Colum arrived in North America very early: Patrick Callum who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1868.

The Colum Motto+

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In ardua tendit
Motto Translation: He reaches towards things difficult of attainment.


poetic name for United States of America, earlier for the British colonies there, 1730s, also the nation’s female personification, from name of Christopher Columbus (also see Colombia) with Latin “country” ending -ia. A popular name for places and institutions in the U.S. in the post-Revolutionary years, when former tributes to king and crown were out of fashion: such as Columbia University (New York, U.S.) founded in 1754 as King’s College; re-named 1784. Also District of Columbia (1791, as Territory of Columbia); Hail, Columbia, Joseph Hopkinson’s patriotic song that served in 19c. as an unofficial national anthem (1798);  “Columbiad,” Joel Barlow’s attempt to write an epic for the United States (1807).  Columbiad also was the name of a heavy, cast-iron, smooth-bore cannon introduced in the U.S. in 1811. Related: Columbian.


Three million people in the world are descended from one Irish High King

Niall of the Nine Hostages, the incredibly fertile Irish warlord, is thought to have 3 million descendants worldwide today.

The Hill of Tara in Co Meath, considered the ancient seat of Ireland\'s High Kings

The Hill of Tara in Co Meath, considered the ancient seat of Ireland’s High Kings SHUTTERSTOCK

Millions of Irish Americans, especially those in New York, might be directly descended from Niall of the Nine Hostages, the most prolific warrior in Irish history.

A team of geneticists at Trinity College Dublin led by Professor Dan Bradley discovered that as many as 3 million men worldwide may be descendants of the Irish warlord, who was the Irish “High King” at Tara, the ancient center of Ireland from A.D. 379 to A.D. 405.

The legend of Niall of the Nine Hostages

The story of Niall of the Nine Hostages is already the stuff of legend, passed on to countless Irish schoolchildren over the years.

The supposedly fearless leader battled the English, the Scots, the French, and even the Romans, and struck fear into the heart of his enemies. His dynasty lasted for centuries, continuing up until the Elizabethan conquest of Ireland at the end of the 16th century.

Legend has it that it was Niall of the Nine Hostages who, on a raid in Wales, captured a young slave and brought him to Ireland. That slave would later escape and go to become Ireland’s patron saint, St. Patrick.

But one story not told to most Irish elementary schoolchildren was Niall’s prolificacy.

This warlord was responsible for the very common Irish surname “O’Neill” (“Ui Neill” in Gaelic), which literally means ‘descendant son of Niall.’

One in 12 men in Ireland

The researchers also found that as many as one in 12 men in Ireland have the same DNA as the Irish king and in Ireland’s northwest, that figure rises to one in five.

“We sampled 60 people with these names and found the strongest association was with them,” Bradley told the London Independent in 2006. “Before this, everything was mythology, but now there does seem to have been a single male ancestor of this group of powerful dynasties.

In many countries, powerful men historically have more children, and it’s not that hard to believe that it happened in Ireland too.

The constellation Columba showing common
points of interest below © Sea and Sky
Columba constellation map
© Torsten Bronger CC BY-SA 3.0

Pronunciation:  (koh-LUM-buh)

Abbreviation: Col

  Genitive: Columbae

Right Ascension: 6 hours

Declination: -35 degrees

Area in Square Degrees: 270

Crosses Meridian: 9 PM, January 30

Visible Between Latitudes: 45 and -90 degrees

The constellation Columba, the dove, is located in the southern hemisphere of the sky. it is best seen in northern latitudes during February. It is visible at latitudes between 45 degrees and -90 degrees. It is a small constellation, covering an area of 270 square degrees. It is bordered by the constellations Caelum, Canis Major, Lepus, Pictor, and Puppis.

There is no mythology associated with Columba. It is one of 12 fairly recent constellations named by the Dutch astronomer Petrus Plancius based on observations by Dutch navigators. Plancius included it on his celestial globe in 1592. Plancius originally named the constellation Columba Noachi, which means Noah’s dove. It refers to the dove that brought an olive branch to Noah to show that the great flood was receding. In some other interpretations, the dove represents the bird the Argonauts sent out ahead to help them navigate the narrow passage at the mouth of the Black Sea. The German astronomer Johann Bayer included this constellation in his star atlas in 1603 and the name was eventually shortened to Columba.

Columba consists of mainly dim stars. The brightest star is Phact, a double star with a combined visual magnitude of 2.64. It is located approximately 270 light years from Earth. The second brightest star is Wezn with a magnitude of 3.12. Wezn is an orange giant star located about 86 light years from our solar system. Ghusn al Zaitun is the third brightest star with a magnitude of 3.85. It is a yellow giant star that lies some 237 light years away.

Columba contains no Messier objects but it does have a few interesting deep-sky objects. NGC 1851 is a globular star cluster that contains thousands of individual stars. It is 35,000 light years away and can be seen in medium-sized telescopes. NGC 1782 is a spiral galaxy with a chaotic distribution of dark dust lanes. NGC 1808 is a Seyfert spiral galaxy located approximately 40 million light years from Earth. These dim galaxies can only be seen with large telescopes.

Columba (constellation)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abbreviation Col
Genitive Columbae
Pronunciation /kəˈlʌmbə/,
genitive /kəˈlʌmb/
Symbolism the dove
Right ascension  05h 03m 53.8665s– 06h 39m 36.9263s[1]
Declination −27.0772038°–−43.1116486°[1]
Area 270 sq. deg. (54th)
Main stars 5
Stars with planets 1
Stars brighter than 3.00m 1
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 0
Brightest star α Col (Phact) (2.65m)
Messier objects 0
Meteor showers 0
Canis Major
Visible at latitudes between +45° and −90°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of February.

Columba is a faint constellation created in the late sixteenth century, remaining in official use, with its rigid limits set in the 20th century. Its name is Latin for dove. It takes up 1.31% of the southern celestial hemisphere and is just south of Canis Major and Lepus.

Hopefully by now you are beginning to recognize all the connections to “THE HUNT”.  There is so much more.  I can’t tell you how much there is to cover on this topic.  I can’t put it all into one post.  MORE WILL FOLLOW.  Pay attention to references to hunting, and  naval references.

Canis Major  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Canis Major is a constellation in the southern celestial hemisphere. In the second century, it was included in Ptolemy‘s 48 constellations, and is counted among the 88 modern constellations. Its name is Latin for “greater dog” in contrast to Canis Minor, the “lesser dog”; both figures are commonly represented as following the constellation of Orion the hunter through the sky. The Milky Way passes through Canis Major and several open clusters lie within its borders, most notably M41.

Canis Major contains Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, known as the “dog star”. It is bright because of its proximity to the Solar System. In contrast, the other bright stars of the constellation are stars of great distance and high luminosity. At magnitude 1.5, Epsilon Canis Majoris (Adhara) is the second-brightest star of the constellation and the brightest source of extreme ultraviolet radiation in the night sky. Next in brightness are the yellow-white supergiant Delta (Wezen) at 1.8, the blue-white giant Beta (Mirzam) at 2.0, blue-white supergiants Eta (Aludra) at 2.4 and Omicron2 at 3.0, and white spectroscopic binary Zeta (Furud), also at 3.0. The red hypergiant VY Canis Majoris is one of the largest stars known, while the neutron star RX J0720.4-3125 has a radius of a mere 5 km.spacer


Lepus (constellation)  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lepus (/ˈlpəs/, colloquially /ˈlɛpəs/) is a constellation lying just south of the celestial equator. Its name is Latin for hare. It is located below—immediately south—of Orion (the hunter), and is sometimes represented as a hare being chased by Orion or by Orion’s hunting dogs.[1]

Although the hare does not represent any particular figure in Greek mythology, Lepus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations.


The constellation Columba as it can be seen by the naked eye.

  • Early 3rd century BC: Aratus‘s astronomical poem Phainomena (lines 367–370 and 384–385) mentions faint stars where Columba is now but does not fit any name or figure to them.
  • 2nd century AD: Ptolemy listed 48 constellations in the Almagest but did not mention Columba.
  • c. 150–215 AD: Clement of Alexandria wrote in his Logos Paidogogos[2]“Αἱ δὲ σφραγῖδες ἡμῖν ἔστων πελειὰς ἢ ἰχθὺς ἢ ναῦς οὐριοδρομοῦσα ἢ λύρα μουσική, ᾗ κέχρηται Πολυκράτης, ἢ ἄγκυρα ναυτική,” (= “[when recommending symbols for Christians to use], let our seals be a dove or a fish or a ship running in a good wind or a musical lyre … or a ship’s anchor …”), with no mention of stars or astronomy.
  • 1592 AD: [3] Petrus Plancius first depicted Columba on the small celestial planispheres of his large wall map to differentiate the ‘unformed stars’ of the large constellation Canis Major.[4] Columba is also shown on his smaller world map of 1594 and on early Dutch celestial globes. Plancius named the constellation Columba Noachi (“Noah‘s Dove”), referring to the dove that gave Noah the information that the Great Flood was receding. This name is found on early 17th-century celestial globes and star atlases.


The constellation seen as “Columba Noachi” meaning “Noah’s dove,” after the biblical dove that informed Noah that the Great Flood was receding; in Urania’s Mirror (1825). 

The constellation contains the famous runaway star Mu Columbae, the barred spiral galaxy NGC 1808 and the globular cluster NGC 1851, among other objects.

“Columba represents Noah’s dove in the sky. Petrus Plancius created the constellation from the stars located behind Argo Navis, the constellation that represented the Argonauts’ ship and was later split into several smaller constellations. Plancius later renamed Argo Navis to “Noah’s Ark” on a celestial globe of 1613.

In the myth, Noah’s dove is sent from the Ark to see if there is any dry land left after the Great Flood. The bird returns holding an olive branch in its beak, signalling that the flood is receding. In some interpretations, Columba represents the dove sent by the Argonauts between the Clashing Rocks to ensure the Argonauts’ safe passage.”

  • 1592: Frederick de Houtman listed Columba as “De Duyve med den Olijftack” (= “the dove with the olive branch”)
  • 1603: Bayer’s Uranometria was published. It includes Columba as Columba Noachi.[5]
  • 1624: Bartschius listed Columba in his Usus Astronomicus as “Columba Nohae”.
  • 1662: Caesius published Coelum Astronomico-Poeticum, including an inaccurate Latin translation of the above text of Clement of Alexandria: it mistranslated “ναῦς οὐριοδρομοῦσα” as Latin “Navis coelestis cursu in coelum tendens” (“Ship of the sky following a course in the sky”), perhaps misunderstanding “οὐριο-” as “up in the air or sky” by analogy with οὐρανός = “sky”.
  • 1679: Halley mentioned Columba in his work Catalogus Stellarum Australium from his observations on St. Helena.
  • 1679: Augustin Royer published a star atlas that showed Columba as a constellation.
  • c.1690: Hevelius‘s Prodromus Astronomiae showed Columba but did not list it as a constellation.
  • 1712 (pirated) and 1725 (authorized): Flamsteed‘s work Historia Coelestis Britannica showed Columba but did not list it as a constellation.
  • 1757 or 1763Lacaille listed Columba as a constellation and catalogued its stars.
  • 1889: Richard H. Allen,[6] misled by Caesius’s mistranslation, wrote that the Columba asterism may have been invented in Roman/Greek times, but with a footnote saying that it may have been another star group.
  • 2001: Ridpath and Tirion wrote that Columba may also represent the dove released by Jason and the Argonauts at the Black Sea‘s mouth; it helped them navigate the dangerous Symplegades.[3]
  • 2007: The author P.K. Chen wrote (his opinion) that, given the mythological linkage of a dove with Jason and the Argonauts, and the celestial location of Columba over Puppis (part of the old constellation Argo Navis, the ship of the Argonauts), Columba may have an ancient history although Ptolemy omits it.[7][8]
  • 2019–20: OSIRIS-REx students discovered a black hole in the constellation Columba, based on observing X-ray bursts.[9]

In the Society Islands, Alpha Columbae (Phact) was called Ana-iva.[10]



Columba is rather inconspicuous, the brightest star, Alpha Columbae, being only of magnitude 2.7. This, a blue-white star, has a pre-Bayer, traditional, Arabic name Phact (meaning ring dove) and is 268 light-years from Earth. The only other named star is Beta Columbae, which has the alike-status name Wazn. It is an orange-hued giant star of magnitude 3.1, 87 light-years away.[11]

The constellation contains the runaway star μ Columbae, which was probably expelled from the ι Orionis system.

Exoplanet NGTS-1b and its star NGTS-1 are in Columba.

General radial velocity[edit]

Columba contains the solar antapex – noting the local spiral arm of the Milky Way itself is responsible for most of our change of position over time – the opposite to the net direction of the solar system.

antapex [ ant-ey-peks ] noun, plural ant·a·pex·es, ant·ap·i·ces  [ant-apuh-seez, –ey-puh-]. Astronomy. the point exactly opposite in direction to the solar apex; the point away from which the solar system is moving and toward which the stars appear to be converging, located in the constellation Columba.

Deep-sky objects[edit]

NGC 1851 a globular cluster in Columba appears at 7th magnitude in a far part of our galaxy as is 39,000 light-years away – it is resolvable south of at greatest latitude +40°N in medium-sized amateur telescopes (under good conditions).[11]


Esus – From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Image of Esus on the Gallo-Roman Pillar of the Boatmen, first century CE.

Esus,[1] Hesus,[2] or Aisus[3] was a Gaulish god known from two monumental statues and a line in Lucan‘s Bellum civile.


The two sculptures where Esus appears are the Pillar of the Boatmen from among the Parisii, on which Esus is identified by name,[1] and a pillar from Trier among the Treveri with similar iconography.[4][5] In both of these, Esus is portrayed cutting branches from trees with his axe.[5] Esus is accompanied, on different panels of the Pillar of the Boatmen, by Tarvos Trigaranus (the ‘bull with three cranes’), JupiterVulcan, and other gods.

Written sources

A well-known section in Lucan‘s Bellum civile (61–65 CE) refers to gory sacrifices offered to a triad of Celtic deities: Teutates, Hesus (an aspirated form of Esus), and Taranis.[2] Variant spellings, or readings, of the name Esus in the manuscripts of Lucan include Hesus, Aesus, and Haesus.[6] Among a pair of later commentators on Lucan’s work, one identifies Teutates with Mercury and Esus with Mars. According to the Berne Commentary on Lucan, human victims were sacrificed to Esus by being tied to a tree and flogged to death.[7]

The Gallic medical writer Marcellus of Bordeaux may offer another textual reference to Esus in his De medicamentis, a compendium of pharmacological preparations written in Latin in the early 5th century and the sole source for several Celtic words. The work contains a magico-medical charm decipherable as Gaulish which appears to invoke the aid of Esus (spelled Aisus) in curing throat trouble.[3]

The personal name “Esunertus” (“strength of Esus”) occurs in a number of Gallo-Roman inscriptions, including one votive inscription dedicated to Mercury,[8][9] while other theophoric given names such as Esugenus are also attested.[6] It is possible that the Esuvii of Gaul, in the area of present-day Normandy, took their name from this deity.[10]

T. F. O’Rahilly derives the name Esus, as well as AoibheallÉibhleannAoife, and other names, from the Indo-European root *eis-, which he glosses as “well-being, energy, passion”.[11]


John Arnott MacCulloch summarized the state of scholarly interpretations of Esus in 1911 as follows:

M. Reinach applies one formula to the subjects of these altars—“The Divine  Woodman  hews the Tree of the Bull with Three Cranes.” The whole represents some myth unknown to us, but M. D’Arbois finds in it some allusion to events in the Cúchulainn saga. In the imagery, the bull and tree are perhaps both divine, and if the animal, like the images of the divine bull, is three-horned, then the three cranes (garanus, “crane”) may be a rebus for three-horned (trikeras), or more probably three-headed (trikarenos). In this case, woodmantree, and bull might all be representatives of a god of vegetation. In early ritual, human, animal, or arboreal representatives of the god were periodically destroyed to ensure fertility, but when the god became separated from these representatives, the destruction or slaying was regarded as a sacrifice to the god, and myths arose telling how he had once slain the animal. In this case, tree and bull, really identical, would be mythically regarded as destroyed by the god whom they had once represented. If Esus was a god of vegetation, once represented by a tree, this would explain why, as the scholiast on Lucan relates, human sacrifices to Esus were suspended from a tree. Esus was worshipped at Paris and aTrèves; a coin with the name Æsus was found in England; and personal names like Esugenos, “son of Esus,” and Esunertus, “he who has the strength of Esus,” occur in England, France, and Switzerland. Thus the cult of this god may have been comparatively widespread. But there is no evidence that he was a Celtic Jehovah or a member, with Teutates and Taranis, of a pan-Celtic triad, or that this triad, introduced by Gauls, was not accepted by the Druids. Had such a great triad existed, some instance of the occurrence of the three names on one inscription would certainly have been found. Lucan does not refer to the gods as a triad, nor as gods of all the Celts, or even of one tribe. He lays stress merely on the fact that they were worshipped with human sacrifice, and they were apparently more or less well-known local gods.[8]

James McKillop cautions that Arbois de Jublainville’s identification of Esus with Cú Chulainn “now seems ill-founded”.[12]

Jan de Vries finds grounds of comparison between Esus and Odin, both being patrons of sailors sometimes associated with Mercury to whom human victims were said to be sacrificed by hanging.[10]

Miranda Green suggests that the willow-tree that Esus hews may symbolize “the Tree of Life […] with its associations of destruction and death in winter and rebirth in the spring“.[5] She further suggests that the cranes might represent “the flight of the soul (perhaps the soul of the tree)”.[5]

In Neo-Druidism[edit]

The 18th century Druidic revivalist Iolo Morganwg identified Esus with Jesus on the strength of the similarity of their names. He also linked them both with Hu Gadarn, writing:

Both Hu and HUON were no doubt originally identical with the HEUS of Lactantius, and the HESUS of Lucan, described as gods of the Gauls. The similarity of the last name to IESU [Welsh: Jesus] is obvious and striking.[13]

This identification is still made in certain Neo-Druidic circles. Modern scholars consider the resemblance between the names Esus and Jesus to be coincidental.



November 26th, 2009

in 1996 an essay ‘And Did Those feet?’ by Dr Gordon Strachan was published in a collection of essays on Druidic topics that I edited for Thorsons/HarperCollins entitled ‘The Druid Renaissance’. (The book was re-published, with additions, as ‘The Rebirth of Druidry’ in 2003). In his essay, Gordon explored the idea that Jesus may have visited Britain and trained with the Druids. He then developed this idea in a book Jesus the Master Builder: Druid Mysteries and the Dawn of Christianity’ (Floris 2000).

Now, thirteen years after publishing his original essay, a film on the subject is due to be released entitled ‘And Did Those Feet?’ It premieres tomorrow at the British Film Institute. This is how the BBC announced it on their website:

Glastonbury Tor
Could Jesus Christ have visited Glastonbury?

Jesus Christ could have come to Britain to further his education, according to a Scottish academic.

Church of Scotland minister Dr Gordon Strachan makes the claim in a new film entitled And Did Those Feet.

The film examines the story of Jesus’ supposed visit, which survives in the popular hymn Jerusalem.

Dr Strachan believes it is “plausible” Jesus came to England for his studies, as it was the forefront of learning 2,000 years ago.

(JESUS HAD NO NEED TO “LEARN FROM THE DRUIDS”.  HE is GOD.  He was teaching the Rabbis in the Synagogue at 8 years of age!  He was in direct communication with HIS FATHER at all times and it is the HOLY SPIRIT that was upon HIM that was sent to us after his death.  Sent to LIVE IN US.  The HOLY SPIRIT whose power rose Jesus’ body from the dead.  The DRUIDS had nothing to offer Jesus.  THEY ARE PAGANS. They get their power from SATAN the enemy of GOD and All that is GODS.)

“Coming this far wasn’t in fact that far in the olden days,” Dr Strachan told BBC Radio 4’s The World At One. “The Romans came here at the same time and they found it quite easy.”

Dr Strachan added that Jesus had “plenty of time” to do the journey, as little was known about his life before the age of 30.

Poet William Blake
William Blake’s “Jerusalem” spread the idea Jesus came to England

The legend that Jesus Christ came to Britain was popularised in a poem written by William Blake in the early 19th Century and made famous as a hymn 100 years later.

Now the first words of the hymn “And did those feet” – are the title of a new film based on a book researched by Dr Strachan, who lectures on the history of architecture at Edinburgh University.

It is generally suggested that he came to the west of England with his uncle, Joseph of Arimathea, who was here for tin,” said the academic.

Dr Strachan claimed Jesus Christ could have come to England to further his education.

He needed to go around to learn to learn bits and pieces about ancient wisdom, and the druids in Britain went back hundreds if not thousands of years. He probably came here to meet the druids, to share his wisdom and gain theirs.

Among the places Jesus is said to have visited are Penzance, Falmouth, St-Just-in-Roseland and Looe, which are all in Cornwall, as well as Glastonbury in Somerset – which has particular legends about Jesus.

St Augustine wrote to the Pope to say he’d discovered a church in Glastonbury built by followers of Jesus.But St Gildas (a 6th-Century British cleric) said it was built by Jesus himself. It’s a very very ancient church which went back perhaps to AD37.”

The film And Did Those Feet is launched at the British Film Institute on Friday 26 November.


There is a real effort going forth to convince people that Jerusalem is not in Israel and that the Jews are not the real Hebrew people.  This can only be believed by people who do not know GOD, the Bible or their own history.

But, according to Beaumont, the geography of Edinburgh tallies exactly with the old accounts of the Holy City. Edinburgh Castle fits the Biblical description of Zion and the Citadel, and the Castle moat evidently solves a problem which has puzzled scholars for years.
Edinburgh, Scotland The REAL HOLY CITY of JERUSALEM. The ROMAN EMPIRE was after the REAL JERUSALEM the ”Roman Constantinian Family” was after the REAL HOLY CITY of JERUSALEM of which was and is non other then Edinburgh, Scotland. From ”Roman Emperor, King Constantine to King Constantine the II to King Constantine the III” have always had it out for the PEOPLE OF SCOTLAND including the City of Edinburgh, Scotland because that is indeed the Real Location of the ”City of Jerusalem’‘. (Ludicrous claim.)
The ”Real Jerusalem” is in Edinburgh, Scotland the real city of Jerusalem has always been in Ancient Scotland in fact it is a Sacred and Holy Scottish City (yes, indeed, it has always been a sacred city to the CELTS, the ruling class of DRUIDS. TO claim that those murderous, witches are the true Israel is an abomination! )  the ”Real Jerusalem” is NOT in the MIDDLE EAST it is actually located in ”Northern Britain ie / Edinburgh, Scotland” that is where it really is Located at. (This is why they have been working so hard to erase history, to find all the ancient relics and destroy everything that does not support their lies. This is the purpose of UNESCO!) The Roman Empire Stole the Correct and Accurate Location of the DIVINE and SACRED and HOLY City itself and Transplanted it in the MIDDLE EAST Jerusalem has and was always in. Ancient Scotland ”Judea” Hyperborea it was a Sacred City built by the Hyperboreans ie the ”Divine God Like People of Apollo” the Sacred and Divine City of the SACRED NORTH.  (These arrogant devils, they have cast their spells over the masses and dumbed them down so that many of them will accept this fabrication.)
The powers of darkness want to erase the truth of the Promised Land.  They tried to erase all evidence of the Hebrews in Jerusalem.  You will see in this article that they are trying to promote the worship of APOLLO as the true religion.  Why?  Because it is the time for the return of Apollo.  
“And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.” Revelation 9:11
It is absurd for anyone to believe that the people of the God of Abraham, Isaac an Jacob would be practitioners of magic, divination, witchcraft, shapeshifting, human sacrifice, spiritism, animism, and worship of nature over worship of GOD. 
King David The First King of Israel. This is where he first Built the ”City of Jerusalem” (There is no doubt as to the location of the City of Jerusalem, or the location of the true Hebrews. This is well documented, ISRAEL is and always has been right where GOD wrote his name. Only fools who do not know the truth about history would possibly believe these lies.)  where the City of ”Edinburgh, Scotland” is found today in SCOTLAND the real Location of the ”Kingdom of Judea” is located at. King David was an ”Ancient King of Scotland / Judea” the Location of the Capital of ”David’s Kingdom and Reign” he Ruled over the area known as ”Edinburgh, Scotland”. Arthur’s Seat is The Mount of Olives and Edinburgh Castle is the Temple Mount (”The City of Edinburgh, Scotland is The Real City of Jerusalem”) You can see the Mount of Olives and the Temple Mount in View Here in this Photo of ”Edinburgh, Scotland”.
For one thing the Description of the ”Kingdom of Judea and the City of Jerusalem” was said to have been Founded upon a Green Fertile Land and or Plain and that it is in Direct Correlation with that of the city of. Edinburgh, Scotland and that the Story of the Kingdom of Judea and the City of Jerusalem is a SCOTTISH ONE that Originates with that from Scotland itself the Sign and the Symbol of Scotland is indeed the ”Rampant Lion”. (The Devil masquerades as a roaring lion.  He is not the Lion of Judah!)
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, asaroaringlion, walketh about, seekingwhomhemaydevour:
The fact is that Rome and the Roman Empire Invaded the Kingdom of Judea at the same time that they were to have said to have Invaded the Territory of Scotland ”Alba” itself. There is a Strong Historical and Archaeological Connection found within the BIBLE and the Scottish Lands and Territories of Scotland and a lot of Parallels that match up. I am a Firm Believer that the BIBLE is of SCOTTISH ORIGIN and that the People of Ancient Biblical Edinburgh, Scotland was the Real Judeans of the Kingdom of Judea and that Scotland is were the Source of the Bible came from.
Through my Research I had found out that ”Ancient Edinburgh, Scotland” was a Major Hub for and a Major Destination of the ”Magi, Chaldean’s and Druid Adepts” and that it was a Major Key City of Enormous Power and Influence within the Region.

Atar (fire)

Atar (fire), a primary symbol of Zoroastrianism

Magi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Magi (/ˈm/; singular magus /ˈmɡəs/; from Latin magus) were priests in Zoroastrianism and the earlier religions of the western Iranians.

Pervasive throughout the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia until late antiquity and beyond, mágos was influenced by (and eventually displaced) Greek goēs (γόης), the older word for a practitioner of magic, to include  astronomy/ astrologyalchemy and other forms of esoteric knowledge. This association was in turn the product of the Hellenistic fascination for  (Pseudo‑)Zoroaster, who was perceived by the Greeks to be the Chaldean founder of the Magi and inventor of both astrology and magic, a meaning that still survives in the modern-day words “magic” and “magician“.

plural noun: Chaldeans
a member of an ancient people who lived in Chaldea c. 800 BC and ruled Babylonia 625–539 BC. They were renowned as astronomers and astrologers.

I am Beginning to believe the that ”Story of The Bible and the City of Jerusalem” was Copied from the ”Ancient Tales of Ancient Edinburgh, Scotland” that and was put in to the Bible. I believe that the Descriptions of the City of Jerusalem in the Bible matches Perfectly with that of the ”City of Edinburgh, Scotland” and that in all Reality ”Ancient Edinburgh, Scotland” was indeed a Holy and Sacred City. But it was a Holy and Sacred City of the Hundreds of Thousands of ”Magi, Chaldean’s and Druid Adepts” in the Region and was sort of an. ”ATLANTIS” of the North it was once a major Trading Hub of Activity in the Region and it was very much ”Atlantean” as in the type of City that it was once was in its Hay Day where Trade and Travel went through it Everyday and it was a Boom Town of sorts. The Real Jerusalem can be Located not in the MIDDLE EAST but non other then in Scotland and that ‘Jerusalem” was a City of the Magi, Chaldean’s and Druid Adepts” it was the Druidic Seat of Power in ”Edinburgh, Scotland”.
The Ancient Druid Spiritual Leadership of the ”Yews” A Group of People Named After the ”Sacred Yew Trees” The Druids Would Lead Them Spiritually. The Yews were of a Chosen Group of People named after their Namesake the ”Sacred Yew Trees”. (”THE MAGI, CHALDEANS, DRUIDS”) . (”THE MAGI, CHALDEANS, DRUIDS”) who were the Spiritual Leader of the Ancient Celts they were the ”Ancient Hyperborean (”Hebiru / Apiru”) Hebrew Spiritual Caste System of Spiritual Leadership” and Directed all Spiritual Authority and Leadership among the Peoples.
They were also known as the ”Apiru = Hebrew” the ”God Like People of Apollo” ie the Hyperboreans. Ap- means Apollo and Iru- means Hebrew ”The Hyperborean / Hebrew God Like People of Apollo” the Atlanteans of the ”Kingdom of Hyperborea” the ”12 Olympian Tribes of Gods”. Apollo would Later be Replaced by Yahweh by the CHURCH in fact it was Christianity that Replaced Apollo the SUN GOD with that of Yahweh later on. They were ”12 DIVINE TRIBES of GODS and GODDESSES” they where ”Divine Powerful Hyperboreans who Ruled Their Part of Hyperborea ”Atlantis” they divided up ”Atlantis” into 12 Parts and or 12 Kingdoms and or Sections.
It is therein suggested that the ancient Merovingians wandered the planet but that the origins of the Jews (not the origin of the Hebrews. We know that after the flood, Noah’s family divided up the world into three parts.)  may well be rooted in the Scottish Atlantean Mystery.

“And the Earth was divided”

According to Genesis 10:25 and 1 Chronicles 1:19, it was during the time of Peleg that “the earth was divided” – traditionally, this is often assumed to be just before, during, or after the failure of Nimrod’s Tower of Babel. The meaning of the earth being divided is usually taken to refer to a patriarchal division of the world, or possibly just the eastern hemisphere, into allotted portions among the three sons of Noah for future occupation, as specifically described in the Book of JubileesBiblical Antiquities of PhiloKitab al-MagallFlavius Josephus,[1] and numerous other antiquarian and mediaeval sources, even as late as Archbishop Ussher, in his Annals of the World.[2]   Source

After the deluge – the ruling tribe of Aryans returned. These people were known historically as the People of the Cat, the lion rampant their symbol – the popular flag of Caledonia Scotland and also of the King of Norway – also anciently a country part of Atlantean Thule. Edinburgh, having a very sphinx like hill later called Arthurâ₢??s Seat, which looks like a lion couchant was also known as the City of the Lion. The patron Saint of Edinburgh is David.

Table of Nations – from wikipedia

On the family pedigrees contained in the biblical pericope of Noah, Saadia Gaon (882‒942) wrote:

The Scriptures have traced the patronymic lineage of the seventy nations to the three sons of Noah, as also the lineage of Abraham and Ishmael, and of Jacob and Esau. The blessed Creator knew that men would find solace at knowing these family pedigrees, since our soul demands of us to know them, so that [all of] mankind will be held in fondness by us, as a tree that has been planted by God in the earth, whose branches have spread out and dispersed eastward and westward, northward and southward, in the habitable part of the earth. It also has the dual function of allowing us to see the multitude as a single individual, and the single individual as a multitude. Along with this, man ought to contemplate also on the names of the countries and of the cities [wherein they settled].”[7]

Maimonides, echoing the same sentiments, wrote that the genealogy of the nations contained in the Law has the unique function of establishing a principle of faith, how that, although from Adam to Moses there was no more than a span of two-thousand five hundred years, and the human race was already spread over all parts of the earth in different families and with different languages, they were still people having a common ancestor and place of beginning.[8]

The Genesis flood narrative tells how Noah and his three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, together with their wives, were saved from the Deluge to repopulate the Earth.

    • Shem‘s descendants: Genesis chapter 10 verses 21–30 gives one list of descendants of Shem. In chapter 11 verses 10–26 a second list of descendants of Shem names Abraham and thus the Arabs and Israelites.[22] In the view of some 17th-century European scholars (e.g., John Webb), the Native American peoples of North and South America, eastern Persia and “the Indias” descended from Shem.[23]
    • Ham‘s descendants: The forefather of Cush, Egypt, and Put, and of Canaan, whose lands include portions of Africa. The etymology of his name is uncertain; some scholars have linked it to terms connected with divinity, but a divine or semi-divine status for Ham is unlikely.[24]
    • Japheth‘s descendants: His name is associated with the mythological Greek Titan Iapetos, and his sons include Javan, the Greek-speaking cities of Ionia.[25] In Genesis 9:27 it forms a pun with the Hebrew root yph: “May God make room [the hiphil of the yph root] for Japheth, that he may live in Shem’s tents and Canaan may be his slave.”[26]Source