This is a series that has been in the works for a very long time. It has been ever on my mind, put on the back burner off and on for a few years now. It is a very important topic. I have touched on it in some of my other posts, but now I am diving in for some serious study. It looks like this is going to bring everything together and finally reveal the true source of so much that is going on in our world.
Orange, is a very OCCULT color with great spiritual significance. More even than I had ever suspected.
Update added 2/11/23
I just came across this while researching an unrelated topic. I found it very interesting and decided to save it here.
The Word Orange Etymology
The word orange entered Middle English from Old French and Anglo-Normanorenge. The earliest recorded use of the word in Englishis from the 13th century and referred to the fruit. The first recorded use of orange as a colour name in English was in 1502,in a description of clothing purchased for Margaret Tudor. Other sources cite the first recorded use as 1512, in a will now filed with the Public Record Office. It is generally thought that Old French borrowed the Italianmelarancio (“fruit of the orange tree”, with mela “fruit”) as pume orenge (with pume “fruit”). Although pume orenge is attested earlier than melarancio in available written sources, lexicographers believe that the Italian word is actually older.
The word ultimately derives from a Dravidian language – possibly Tamil நாரம் nāram or Telugu నారింజ nāriṃja orMalayalamനാരങ്ങ nāraŋŋa— via Sanskrit नारङ्ग nāraṅgaḥ “orange tree”. From there the word entered Persianنارنگnārang and then Arabicنارنجnāranj. The initial n was lost through rebracketing in Italian and French, though some varieties of Arabic lost the n earlier.
The place name Orange has a separate etymology. The Roman-Celtic settlement was founded in 36 or 35 BC and originally named Arausio, after a Celtic water god. The Principality of Orange was named for this place and not for the color. Some time after the sixteenth century, though, the color orange was adopted as a canting symbol of the House of Orange-Nassau. The color eventually came to be associated with Protestantism, as a result of the participation by the House of Orange on the Protestant side in the French Wars of Religion, the Irish campaigns, and the Dutch Eighty Years’ War.
|Arausio was a local Celtic water god who gave his name to the town of Arausio (Orange) in southern Gaul, as attested to by ancient inscriptions.
The modern name of both the city and the family that established itself there, the House of Orange-Nassau, is a corrupted version of the Celtic word Arausio. In the Middle Ages, the name of the city was conflated in French and Late Latin with another word, orange.
Green, Miranda (1997). Dictionary of Celtic Myth and Legend. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.
Orange (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck)
Most names of orange in European tongues ultimately derive from Sanskrit nagaruka [नागरुक] or naranga [नारंग] which was transmitted via Arabic (naranjah [نرنجة]) and Persian (Modern Farsi narenj [نارنج]). The word is, however, not native to Sanskrit, but has been borrowed from some other, unrelated tongue; it has been speculated that the ancient source language belonged to the Austro–Asiatic language family, but another explanation tries to establish a link to a Dravidian root
fragrant. Compare Tamil narandam [நரந்தம்]
bitter orange, nagarukam [நாகருகம்]
sweet orange and nari [நாரி]
Some names for
orange in modern languages of North India still are very similar to the Sanskrit term, e. g., Hindi and Urdu narangi [नारंगी, نارنگی]. However, the common term for orange in Hindi is santara [सन्तरा].
European languages have modified the Sanskrit name in various degrees: While Spanish naranja and Serbian narandža [наранџа]
orange as well as Greek neratzi [νεράτζι]
bitter orange preserve the original sounds quite faithfully, the word was much modified by subsequent loans to other European tongues. It first lost its initial n (Italian arancia) and then changed the new initial vowel under the influence of French or
gold, ending up with, for example, with English orange. Other members of that series are Portuguese laranja, Maltese larinġ, Yiddish marants [מאַראַנץ] and, from the Far East, Japanese and Korean orenji [オレンジ, 오렌지]. Cf. also Turkmen narynç and Armenian narinch [նարինջ], possibly directly borrowed from Persian.
|Branch with ripe oranges Citrus Sinensis: Orange branch|
|Citrus aurantium Bitter Orange|
Oranges are also associated with gold in other languages: Greek chrisomilia [χρυσομηλιά], literally means
golden apple, corresponding to Old Greek chrysos [χρυσός]
gold and melon [μῆλον]
apple. Virtually the same expression in Latin, pomum aurantium
golden apple, lies behind many European names of bitter orange, e.g, German Pomeranze, Finnish pomeranssi and Russian pomeranets [померанец]. In some Slavonic languages, that name actually means the common orange, especially when used together with an adjective
sweet, e. g. Slovenian sladka pomaranča.
Also the old botanical species name aurantium (Arausio, a Celtic water god ) relates to aurum,
gold, whereas the modern species name sinensis is a latinization of China (older form: Sina). Quite a large number of names in tongues of Northern Europe mean
Chinese apple, e. g., Latvian apelsīns, Icelandic appelsína or Belarusian apelsin [апельсін], The German name Apfelsine is used in Northern Germany only. Note also the Dutch variant sinaasappel
Some South East European tongues name orange after Portugal, which was formerly the main source of imports of sweet oranges. Examples are Bulgarian portokal [портокал], Greek portokali [πορτοκάλι], Romanian portocală and Georgian portokhali [ფორთოხალი]. Also in South Italian dialects (Neapolitan), orange is named portogallo or purtualle, literally
the Portuguese ones. Related names can also be found in non-European languages: Arabic al-burtuqal [البرتقال], Farsi porteghal [پرتقال], Uzbek po’rtaxol [пўртаҳол] and Tigrinya birtekwan [ብርትኳን].
The origin of bergamot is Turkish: beğ armudu (also begamodi)
lord’s pear. Old Turkish beg
lord, ruler is the source of modern Turkish bey known as part of personal names. Cf. also the female form, begum
For the derivation of the genus name Citrus see lemon.
The History of Citrus
Citrus is an ancient fruit, however, its exact origin was not discovered until 2018. One study found that 8 million-year-old fossilized leaves from China’s Yunnan province belong to the citrus family1.
These are the earliest traces of this now ubiquitous fruit. This spectacular find proves the existence of a common citrus ancestor. In 1178 B.C., Chü Lu (Monograph on the Oranges of Wên-chou, Chekiang) by Han Yen-chih, was not just the first monograph on the orange but also identified 27 citrus varieties in Wenzhou, Zhejiang (China2). Other subtropical and tropical regions of Asia are also known as early adopters of citrus. Here, it was cultivated before spreading slowly along the Silk Road through the Arab World to Europe and later by seafarers to the colonies of the New World. Just like times gone by, when citrus was regarded as more decorative than nutritious, citrus is now grown for its beautiful appearance, fresh scent, and unique taste, as well as its processing use.
[Sources: 1www.nature.com/articles/nature25447 / 2world-food-and-wine.com/history-of-citrus / ]
3 27 (666 *) 600 Ancestral citrus cultivars are the “parents” of almost all citrus varieties found today Major citrus fruits in Japan Orange varieties around the world
* 27 divided by 3 = 9 three 9s = 999 flipped upside down = 666
Global Top Sellers and Local Heroes
Citrus has grown into thousands of local varieties over the years, yet only a handful have made it to the international market. The orange (Citrus sinensis) [Remember, as shown above: sinensis is a Latinization of China (older form: Sina)] has become the world’s most relevant citrus fruit, sought after both for its juice and aromatic peel oils. Lemon (Citrus limon); lime (Citrus aurantifolia and Citrus latifolia); grapefruit (Citrus paradisi); mandarin (Citrus reticulata); and tangerine (Citrus tangerina) complete the group of global top sellers.
However, our list of the finest citrus fruits would not be complete without the “local heroes.” Italy’s bergamot; Japan’s yuzu; Southeast Asia’s calamansi; Spain’s bitter orange; China’s pomelo and kumquat; India’s kaffir lime; plus countless, interesting variants that bring new twists to the familiar taste of citrus.
Yuzu is a Japanese fruit often used in cooking. Its bitter, aromatic sweet and sour taste has just a little juice, so the peel is primarily used to accentuate all kinds of food, from sauces to noodles or hot pot dishes. It also complements cosmetics.
Special: Buddha’s Hand (fingered citron)
This naturally grown variety of a regular citron is a rare specialty among all citrus fruits. Its name comes from its finger-like sections. Originating from northeastern India or China, this citrus has neither juice nor pulp but an intense fresh lemon scent and zest that is used in many recipes, drinks, and perfumes. In Sicily, it is cut into strips and served as a carpaccio. In China and Japan, it symbolizes happiness and longevity, making it a popular New Year’s Day gift as it is believed to bring good fortune.
Our Global Citrus Sourcing
Orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit, and mandarin make up 98% of all globally processed citrus fruits. Among the most important processing countries are Brazil; Argentina; South Africa; Mexico; China; the U.S.; Egypt; Morocco; Turkey; and Israel, plus others in Europe.
The taste and smell of citrus are best experienced at its source: in the orchards where farmers work year-round to cultivate their crops. Yet growing citrus is all but easy. Freshly planted trees require 5 to 8 years before producing an optimal harvest, meaning the return on investment is not immediate.
Although citrus sourcing has become industrialized in many nations, its value chain still involves hundreds of thousands of farmers across the globe. We are helping them plan for their future through sustainable partnerships.
Farmers rely on citrus for a living with a supply chain that directly and indirectly impacts millions of people. That’s why we’re committed to sustainable sourcing partnerships.Mark Birch, Sustainability Director Flavors
Citrus Greening Disease
The GMO Conundrum
Genetically modified organism (GMO) backlashes have occurred throughout the agricultural sector. Several studies linking genetically modified food to health risks have made consumer rejection commonplace. Yet amid a citrus greening crisis, GMO-based citrus trees—which are resistant to the bacteria—are being developed. Further, we have recently seen national authorities in the Americas approve the use of antibiotics to treat plantations against the citrus greening bacteria. Such a measure does not eradicate the disease but may lead to an antibiotic resistance that could harm the environment and public health.
The question of whether to use GMO’s to protect the citrus industry is one that many national authorities have grappled with.Bill Scheiner, Global Citrus Lead Buyer at Symrise Flavors
The Future of Citrus
Sustainability is a broad concept that impacts every decision at Symrise.
In the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), sustainability involves best agricultural practices to protect natural resources; ethical practices to protect the people who are directly or indirectly involved in the value chain, and economic factors to ensure the sector’s long-term profitability.
Creating Shared Value
For most farmers, their product’s story ends when they sell it and hand it over to pack houses, traders or processors. The extraction of juice and peel oils, their refinement, and blending with other ingredients for food, drinks, perfumes, or household cleaners—few farmers ever had an insight into these additional stages of the value chain. They may not even want to, as there is this sneaking suspicion that the people who really make money with their crops are not themselves but those that follow in the process. Unfortunately, this is often true—but should not be.
Citrus prices fluctuate based on international supply and demand. Farmers can sell to both processors and the fresh fruit market, where the latter usually pays significantly more. The problem is that the fresh fruit market is volatile. Farmers are unable to rely on it as a form of stable income. When the fresh fruit market booms, processors get the leftovers. As soon as it becomes stagnant, they become the farmers’ main source of income as their buying offers are more stable.
South Africa: Farmers’ Cooperatives Pave the Way to the Future
Martin Wegener, Managing Director of Klaus Böcker GmbH and Board Member of South African Nkwaleni Processors, wanted to break this cycle by working with a farmers’ cooperative.
From the Nkwaleni Valley in the traditional Zulu land of South Africa, they are making a real difference by providing farmers in the cooperative with economic stability.
This has been done by:
- Allowing members of the farmers’ cooperative to be part of Nkwaleni Processors;
- Giving farmers a place on the board so that they can help determine the price of the fruit;
- Ensuring that all fruits are exclusively supplied by co-op members;
- Providing farmers with a platform to make long-term investments and plan for future generations.
Those things only make life more lucrative for the farmers who become part of the elite process. That leaves the small family farmers out in the cold.
The story of citrus is the story of people. And it starts with the farmers who are passionate about growing citrus fruits to make a living.Gaelle Dami, Director Global Flavor Marketing Communication (So, they give them a false sense of empowerment, just like we get a false sense of control through our bogus elections.)
Orange (fruit) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The orange is a hybrid between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata).
re•tic•u•late – rĭ-tĭk′yə-lĭt, -lāt″
- adj.Resembling or forming a net or network.
- adj.Relating to or being an evolutionary process that involves the exchange of genes between organisms of different species, as in the formation of a new species through hybridization.
- intransitive verb
The chloroplast genome, and therefore the maternal line, is that of pomelo. [(pomelo (n.) “grapefruit-like fruit,” 1858, of uncertain origin; apparently related to Latin pomum “fruit; apple” (see Pomona)]. The sweet orange has had its full genome sequenced.The orange originated in a region encompassing Southern China, Northeast India, and Myanmar, and the earliest mention of the sweet orange was in Chinese literature in 314 BC. As of 1987, orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world. Orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit. The fruit of the orange tree can be eaten fresh, or processed for its juice or fragrant peel. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus production.
In 2017, 73 million tonnes of oranges were grown worldwide, with Brazil producing 24% of the world total, followed by China and India.
Botanical information and terminology
All citrus trees belong to the single genus Citrus and remain almost entirely interfertile (adj. Capable of interbreeding.) (So, these fruits were either a carry over from the original perversion of all things by the fallen angels, or they were produced by man through the instruction of the fallen, after the flood.) . This includes grapefruits, lemons, limes, oranges, and various other types and hybrids. As the interfertility of oranges and other citrus has produced numerous hybrids and cultivars, and bud mutations have also been selected, citrus taxonomy is fairly controversial, confusing or inconsistent. The fruit of any citrus tree is considered a hesperidium, a kind of modified berry; it is covered by a rind originated by a rugged thickening of the ovary wall.
berry (n.) Old English berie “berry, grape,” from Proto-Germanic *basjom (source also of Old Norse ber, Middle Dutch bere, German Beere “berry;” Old Saxon winberi, Gothic weinabasi “grape”), which is of unknown origin. This (grape) and apple are the only native fruit names. (So the Nazis were experimenting long before Auschwitz)
Different names have been given to the many varieties of the species. Orange applies primarily to the sweet orange – Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck. The orange tree is an evergreen, flowering tree, with an average height of 9 to 10 m (30 to 33 ft), although some very old specimens can reach 15 m (49 ft). Its oval leaves, alternately arranged, are 4 to 10 cm (1.6 to 3.9 in) long and have crenulate (crenulate: (krĕn′yə-lĭt, -lāt′) or crenulated (-lā′tĭd) adj. Having a margin or contour with shallow, usually rounded notches and projections; finely notched or scalloped: a crenulate leaf; a crenulate coastline.). Sweet oranges grow in a range of different sizes, and shapes varying from spherical to oblong. Inside and attached to the rind is a porous white tissue, the white, bitter mesocarp or albedo (pith). The orange contains a number of distinct carpels (segments) inside, typically about ten, each delimited by a membrane, and containing many juice-filled vesicles and usually a few seeds (pips). When unripe, the fruit is green. The grainy irregular rind of the ripe fruit can range from bright orange to yellow-orange, but frequently retains green patches or, under warm climate conditions, remains entirely green. Like all other citrus fruits, the sweet orange is non-climacteric. The Citrus sinensis group is subdivided into four classes with distinct characteristics: common oranges, blood or pigmented oranges, navel oranges, and acidless oranges.
Other citrus groups also known as oranges are:
- Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) is an original species of citrus, and is a progenitor of the common orange.
- Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium), also known as Seville orange, sour orange (especially when used as rootstock for a sweet orange tree), bigarade orange and marmalade orange. Like the sweet orange, it is a pomelo x mandarin hybrid, but arose from a distinct hybridization event.
- Bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia Risso), grown mainly in Italy for its peel, producing a primary essence for perfumes, also used to flavor Earl Grey tea. It is a hybrid of bitter orange x lemon.
- Trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), sometimes included in the genus (classified as Citrus trifoliata). It often serves as a rootstock for sweet orange trees and other Citrus cultivars.
The word orange derives from the Sanskrit word for “orange tree” (नारङ्ग nāraṅga), which in turn derives from a Dravidian root word (compare நரந்தம் narandam which refers to Bitter orange in Tamil). The Sanskrit word reached European languages through Persian نارنگ (nārang) and its Arabic derivative نارنج (nāranj).
The word entered Late Middle English in the fourteenth century via Old French orenge (in the phrase pomme d’orenge). The French word, in turn, comes from Old Provençal auranja, based on Arabic nāranj. In several languages, the initial n present in earlier forms of the word dropped off because it may have been mistaken as part of an indefinite article ending in an n sound—in French, for example, une norenge may have been heard as une orenge. This linguistic change is called juncture loss. The color was named after the fruit, and the first recorded use of orange as a color name in English was in 1512.
In Indo-European languages, the words for orange allude to the eastern origin of the fruit and can be translated literally as “apple from China”. Some examples are German Apfelsine (alternative name for Orange and common in northern Germany), Dutch appelsien and sinaasappel, Swedish apelsin, Russian апельсин (apelsin) and Norwegian appelsin. A similar case is Puerto Rican Spanish china.
Yellow Oranges and Green Tangerines by Zhao Lingrang, Chinese fan painting from the Song dynasty (NPM)
The sweet orange is not a wild fruit, having arisen in domestication from a cross between a non-pure mandarin orange and a hybrid pomelo that had a substantial mandarin component. Since its chloroplast DNA is that of pomelo, it was likely the hybrid pomelo, perhaps a BC1 pomelo backcross, that was the maternal parent of the first orange. Based on genomic analysis, the relative proportions of the ancestral species in the sweet orange is approximately 42% pomelo and 58% mandarin. All varieties of the sweet orange descend from this original cross, differing only by mutations selected for during agricultural propagation. (AND THIS my friends is what they want to accomplish in the human race. They want to erase all evidence of our true origins by making us all hybrids. Then they will select our DNA to conform to their vision of what each of us should be and do. Selective breeding for specific traits.)
In Europe, the Moors introduced the orange to Spain which was known as Al-Andalus, modern Andalusia, with large scale cultivation starting in the 10th century as evidenced by complex irrigation techniques specifically adapted to support orange orchards. Citrus fruits — among them the bitter orange — were introduced to Sicily in the 9th century during the period of the Emirate of Sicily, but the sweet orange was unknown until the late 15th century or the beginnings of the 16th century, when Italian and Portuguese merchants brought orange trees into the Mediterranean area. Shortly afterward, the sweet orange quickly was adopted as an edible fruit. It also was considered a luxury item and wealthy people grew oranges in private conservatories, called orangeries. By 1646, the sweet orange was well known throughout Europe. Louis XIV of France had a great love of orange trees, and built the grandest of all royal Orangeries at the Palace of Versailles. At Versailles potted orange trees in solid silver tubs were placed throughout the rooms of the palace, while the Orangerie allowed year-round cultivation of the fruit to supply the court. (This was sympathetic magic) When Louis condemned his finance minister, Nicolas Fouquet, in 1664, part of the treasures which he confiscated were over 1,000 orange trees from Fouquet’s estate at Vaux-le-Vicomte.
Spanish travelers introduced the sweet orange into the American continent. On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher Columbus may have planted the fruit in Hispaniola. Subsequent expeditions in the mid-1500s brought sweet oranges to South America and Mexico, and to Florida in 1565, when Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded St Augustine. (After the Emporer and god AUGUSTINE.) Spanish missionaries brought orange trees to Arizona between 1707 and 1710, while the Franciscans did the same in San Diego, California, in 1769. An orchard was planted at the San Gabriel Mission around 1804 and a commercial orchard was established in 1841 near present-day Los Angeles. In Louisiana, oranges were probably introduced by French explorers.
Archibald Menzies, the botanist and naturalist on the Vancouver Expedition, collected orange seeds in South Africa, raised the seedlings onboard and gave them to several Hawaiian chiefs in 1792. Eventually, the sweet orange was grown in wide areas of the Hawaiian Islands, but its cultivation stopped after the arrival of the Mediterranean fruit fly in the early 1900s.
As oranges are rich in vitamin C and do not spoil easily, during the Age of Discovery, Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch sailors planted citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy.
Florida farmers obtained seeds from New Orleans around 1872, after which orange groves were established by grafting the sweet orange on to sour orange rootstocks.
It’s a ragbag stuffed full of words and pictures – mainly about nature, nostalgia and design…
Words: Orange is not only a fruit…
July 13, 2010 by squirrelbasket
Although I am not going to takes sides in any debate on religion or politics or football, the word ORANGE seems a topical one, since it relates to the kit of the Netherlands football team who lost in the World Cup final and to the name of the protestant Orange Men of Northern Ireland during this the Protestant “marching season”.
It’s the word “orange” itself that interests me. It is often quoted as one of the few words which have no rhyme.
In English I guess we didn’t have the word orange until we had the fruit oranges (Citrus aurantium) (Arausio, a Celtic water god ) . In its current form the word came straight from French, but has its origins in the Arabic naranj, according to my Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary of 1980. Although Wikipedia says it came from the Sanskrit narangah. Chambers helpfully compares with the Late Latin arangia, aurantia and narancum; the Italian arancia, earlier narancia ; and the Spanish naranja. (Arausio, a Celtic water god )
The loss of that N at the beginning is from confusing it with the end of the indefinite article before it, una, une or an. If you imagine “a norange” could easily become “an orange”.
The same thing in reverse happened with the newt. Originally an eft, evet or ewt, it went from “an ewt” to “a newt”. I am reminded of that joke with the man walking into a bar with his friend, a six-foot newt. Why do you call him Tiny? Because he’s “my newt” (minute).
Back to the orange. The change of the vowel from AU to O is because of confusion with the Latin aurum, meaning gold, which changed to or in French.
On to the other meaning of Orange – from a place latterly connected with William of Orange, the Protestant King of England from 1689 to 1702, originally a Dutchman. For many of those years he reigned with his wife Mary, daughter of the Catholic James II of England.
It’s a long story, but this “King Billy” is the hero of the Protestants of Northern Ireland. This is what Wikipedia says:
Many Protestants heralded him as a champion of their faith. Largely because of that reputation, William was able to take the British crowns when many were fearful of a revival of Catholicism under James. William’s victory over James II at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 is commemorated by the Orange Institution in Northern Ireland to this day. His reign marked the beginning of the transition from the personal rule of the Stuarts to the more-Parliament-centred rule of the House of Hanover.
Protestant Orangemen in Northern Ireland…
But what of the place Orange itself? Although the House of Orange-Nassau to which William III belonged was based in the Netherlands, it was created by the marriage of royalty from Germany and France. Ultimately its name comes from the town of Orange in Vaucluse, in the south of France.
Vaucluse (French: [voklyz]; Provençal: Vauclusa (Classical norm) or Vau-Cluso (Mistralian norm)) is a department in Southeastern France, located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region. It had a population of 559,014 as of 2016.
It is named after the famous Fontaine de Vaucluse spring; the name Vaucluse itself derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa (“Closed Valley”) as the valley ends in a cliff face from which emanates a spring whose origin is so far in and so deep that it remains to be defined. The department’s prefecture is Avignon.
A postcard from Orange in Vaucluse, southern France, originally the Roman town of Arausio.(Arausio, a Celtic water god )..
That place name also has an interesting history. Orange was founded by the Romans in 35 BC, when it was called Arausio, after the local Celtic water god. That name became Aurenja or Aurenjo in the local Southern French dialects and later was conflated with the word for the fruit and became Orange…
Did I say there’s no rhyme for orange? Here in Wales we have one – Blorenge, a mountain, overlooking Abergavenny…
Blorenge, seen from Abergavenny, by Ralph Rawlinson…
Avignon – From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AvignonAvinhon (Occitan) Prefecture and commune Rocher des Doms, Palais des Papes,
Avignon Cathedral, Festival d’Avignon
Avignon Coat of arms
Keys have represented various spiritual symboligies for as long as man has had locks. They are connected with gateways and portals, doorways to the unknown, knowledge, mysteries, powers, initiations, new ways, forbidden things and answers to curious questions. They are often associated with various literary idioms, specific deities or spiritual figures, and are often used as part of charms or other magical tools. We in modern times still value keys as an important part of our daily lives, such as car keys and house keys, however with digital locks, passwords, and other technological advances, it is interesting to speculate if the key will continue to play as significant role as a tool as it has in the past. Yes, there will always be some types of keys as in pass codes or other devices, but the idea of having a piece of metal cut to a specific shape, I fear is losing it’s place in the world of the future. However, in the magical realm and the world of witchcraft and hoodoo, the key still has a role to play and is commonly found in most crafter’s tool kit.
First let’s look at some spiritual figures that are most often associated with keys. In Christianity, the visage of Saint Peter holding the keys to the gates of Heavencan be easily found in religious art from Christendom to the modern era. He is often portrayed with two keys; a golden key, representing the power to allow those who are worthy to enter into eternal life, the other a silver or iron key to close them again. Keys also represent spiritual purity and enlightenment in these scenes. He is one of the most familiar figures in religious realms to represent a gatekeeper allowing others to pass into the spiritual realm; however, he is not alone in this task.
In Voodoo practices, Papa Legba, often depicted as an elderly man with a cane, a dog and keys is also a gatekeeper, acting as a liaison for those between the spiritual and the physical realms. He is said to speak every Human language and be a conduit between the mortal and deities, allowing for communion and safe passage if travel into the astral planes is granted.
Lord Ganesh in the Hindu spiritual path is the great elephant god, the mover of obstacles and for this reason very often associated with keys. Commonly locks or keys can be found with a Ganesh design on it to symbolically representing the unlocking of a path or knowledge. Ganesh is associated with wisdom and spiritual knowledge, making him not only a prime example of key symbolism but also a deity, like so many others, associated with journeying. (I do not agree with this, but I post it as written for information and education.)
Hecate, a goddess often described as the Queen of the Witches, is another underworld deity associated with gate keeping and keys. Much like Papa Legba and Saint Peter, she holds the keys that allow passage into the spiritual realm. She is a great protector and is associated with keys, and dogs among other things. Trivia is the Roman equivalent of the Greek Hecate, goddess of the three-way crossroads.
Ancient Roman Goddesses for kids – Trivia
The myths and legends surrounding Trivia, the Roman goddess of crossroads and guardian of roads
Discover the legends and myths and religious beliefs surrounding Trivia, the Roman goddess of crossroads and guardian of roads. Her name is derived from the Latin word ‘Trivia’ meaning “three ways “from ‘tri’ meaning three and ‘via’ meaning way or road. In Latin, ‘trivialis’ appertained to the crossroads where three roads met, which came to be known, in towns, as the ‘trivium’, or the public place. As the guardian of roads she watched over the public paths and roads and protected travellers. She was also recognized in three aspects as part of a triad of goddesses consisting of Trivia, Luna the moon goddess and Diana the goddess of the hunt.
Anubis, the dog headed ancient Egyptian god of the dead was often associated with keys. He would escort the soul of the dead to the underworld after its heart had been weighed and measured.
Besides these five spiritual figures listed above, there are many additional deities that are connected with keys and gate keeping. These types of deities are referred to as liminal deities and include any deity that covers thresholds, cross roads, gates, or door ways. They are often thought of as spiritual figuresthat can cross boundaries between the worlds. Here are some of these to just give you an example of the vast array of Gods and Goddesses that are found throughout history and cultures.
Hestia: (Celtic) keeper of the keys to supplies, a household deity that always made sure supplies and the running of a household went smoothly.
Hermes: (Greek) / Mercury (Roman) – God of messengers, border crossings, home protection, guide of the dead, roads, travelers and animal husbandry.
Cardea: (Roman) Goddess of thresholds, door hinges and handles
Janus: (Roman) two-faced God of gateways, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings
Portunes: (Roman) God of keys, doors and livestock
Terminus: (Roman) Protector God of boundary markers
There are about 20 additional Chinese deities for the protection of city walls and all associated with keys. Korean mythology has another two and Hindu religions include the solar deity Pushan, who not only oversees the journey of the dead but is also responsible for journeying and cattle care. In other paths like Santeria, voodoo both Haitian and Louisiana paths there is Ellegua who is a messenger god.
In ancient Egypt, the symbol of the Ankh is a key as well, a path to eternal life. Keys are represented in many other cultures as well. It seems that there isn’t a cultured that has been studied that isn’t connected with key symbology in some way.
With so many deities connected with animals, protection, communication with the spiritual world, and journeying it is easy to see why keys have played such a significant role in our lives from ancient to modern times. We even see keys used in jewelry and coats of arms. The symbol is deeply embedded into our psyche. We honor people by giving them the “Key to the City” representing trust and respect. The key’s many layered symbology is seemingly endless in its connections to humanity throughout the ages.
In the magical world, keys also hold great power. They are also used in many magical or spiritual workings; they can be attached to mojo or gris gris bags, buried at crossroads, combined with herbs or other elements to create a magic pouch. Keys are often made into talismans or charms with all kinds of various functions. They will always be of great desire and use to the practitioners of the craft.
For me personally, I make jewelry and always add a key to the clasp area, asking various deities to bless the piece. This past Yule, I made a neighbor some protection charms for her doorways that included keys and protection blessings so that her home would be shielded from the spirits of the place passing through her doorways. I look for keys at estate sales and yard sales. They always hold their own special energy and magic and can certainly find themselves a useful position in my witch’s tool box.
2016 copyright by Katie Pifer http://www.witchpetals.wordpress.com
Avignon (UK: /ˈævɪnjɒ̃/, US: /ˌævɪnˈjoʊn/; French: [aviɲɔ̃] (listen); Provençal: Avinhon (Classical norm) or Avignoun (Mistralian norm), IPA: [aviˈɲun]; Latin: Avenio) is the prefecture of the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azurregion of Southeastern France. Located on the left bank of the river Rhône, the commune had a population of 93,671 as of the census results of 2017, with about 16,000 (estimate from Avignon’s municipal services) living in the ancient town centre enclosed by its medieval ramparts.
Between 1309 and 1377, during the Avignon Papacy, seven successive popes resided in Avignon and in 1348 Pope Clement VI bought the town from Joanna I of Naples. Papal control persisted until 1791 when, during the French Revolution, it became part of France. The town is now the capital of the Vaucluse department and one of the few French cities to have preserved its ramparts.
rampart – [ ram-pahrt, -pert ] – noun
- a broad elevation or mound of earth raised as a fortification around a place and usually capped with a stone or earth parapet.
- such an elevation together with the parapet.anything serving as a bulwark or defense.
So, the the town of Orange in Vaucluse, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azurregion of Southeastern France. is a Closed Valley, a place between, where they control time and space, from where they rule the world. I know that sounds crazy… but truth is stranger than fiction. Anyway, this is just how I am seeing this as the facts begin to reveal themselves. I could be wrong…
Remember: “the name Vaucluse itself derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa (“Closed Valley“)” early 14c., “time elapsed between two actions or events,” from Old French intervalle” interval, interim” (14c.), earlier entreval (13c.) and directly from Late Latin intervallum “a space between, an interval of time, a distance,” originally “space between palisades or ramparts” [OED], from inter “between” (see inter-) + vallum “rampart, palisade, wall,” which is apparently a collective form of vallus “stake,” from PIE *walso– “a post” (see wall (n.)).Metaphoric sense of “gap in time” also was in Latin. From c. 1400 in English as “a pause, an interruption in a state or activity.” Musical sense “difference in pitch between two tones” is from c. 1600. Related: Intervallic.
That is what the devil and his minions have been working on since time began. They have been trying to slow it down, change it OR STOP IT! Even REVERSE IT. They have been working to BREAK the TIME BARRIER. Time Travel.
AND what is this lockdown, if not a PAUSE. AN INTERRUPTION of life as we knew it, to allow them to set up life as they WANT IT?
The historic centre, which includes the Palais des Papes, the cathedral and the Pont d’Avignon, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. The medieval monuments and the annualFestival d’Avignonhave helped to make the town a major centre for tourism.
The earliest forms of the name were reported by the Greeks: Аὐενιὼ ν Aueniṑn (Stephen of Byzantium, Strabo, IV, 1, 11) and Άουεννίων Aouenníōn (Ptolemy II, x).
The Roman name Avennĭo Cavărum (Mela, II, 575, Pliny III, 36), i.e. “Avignon of Cavares” accurately shows that Avignon was one of the three cities of the Celtic-Ligurian tribe of Cavares, along with Cavaillon and Orange.
Cavares – Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CavaresThe Cavares were a Gallic confederation of tribes located in the lower Rhone valley during the Roman period. Their strongholds were Avignon (Avennio), Orange (Arausio) and Cavaillon (Cabellio).
The current name dates to a pre-Indo-European or pre-Latin theme ab-ên with the suffix -i-ōn(e). This theme would be a hydronym – i.e. a name linked to the river (Rhône),but perhaps also an oronym of terrain (the Rocher des Doms).
The Auenion of the 1st century BC was Latinized to Avennĭo (or Avēnĭo), -ōnis in the 1st century and is written Avinhon in classic Occitan spelling or Avignoun in Mistralian spelling. The inhabitants of the commune are called avinhonencs or avignounen in both standard Occitan and Provençal dialect.
Occitan (n.) “Old or modern Provençal; langue d’Oc,” 1940, also “the northern variant of modern Provençal;” from French oc, the word used south of the Loire for “yes” (see Languedoc). late 14c., “western part” (of the heavens or the earth), from Old French occident (12c.) or directly from Latin occidentem (nominative occidens) “western sky, sunset, part of the sky in which the sun sets,” noun use of adjective meaning “setting,” from present participle of occidere “fall down, go down” (see occasion (n.)). As a geopolitical term, sometimes with a capital O, always somewhat imprecise.
With the definite article, the west; western countries; specifically, those countries lying to the west of Asia and of that part of eastern Europe now or formerly constituting in general European Turkey; Christendom. Various countries, as Russia, may be classed either in the Occident or in the Orient. [Century Dictionary, 1895]
“of, on, or in the back of the head,” 1540s, from French occipital, from Medieval Latin occipitalis, from Latin occiput (genitive occipitis) “back of the skull,” from assimilated form of ob “in the way of, against,” here with a sense of “in back of” (see ob-) + caput “head” (from PIE root *kaput- “head”). As a noun, “the occipital bone,” from 1758. Middle English had occiput (n.) “back of the head” and occipiciale (n.) “occipital bone.”
late 14c., occasioun, “opportunity; grounds for action or feeling; state of affairs that makes something else possible; a happening, occurrence leading to some result,” from Old French ochaison, ocasion “cause, reason, excuse, pretext; opportunity” (13c.) or directly from Latin occasionem (nominative occasio) “opportunity, appropriate time,” in Late Latin “cause,” from occasum, occasus, past participle of occidere “fall down, go down,” from ob “down, away” (see ob-) + -cidere, combining form of cadere “to fall” (from PIE root *kad- “to fall”). The notion is of a “falling together,” or juncture, of circumstances. The sense of “the time or a time at which something happens” is from 1560s. mid-15c., occasionen, “to bring (something) about, be the cause of (something),” from occasion (n.), or else from Old French occasionner “to cause,” from Medieval Latin occasionare, from Latin occasionem (see occasion (n.)). Related: Occasioned; occasioning.
Geography of Avignon/ OC/ Orange/Occitan
Avignon is on the left bank of the Rhône river, a few kilometres above its confluence with the Durance, about 580 km (360 mi) south-east of Paris, 229 km (142 mi) south of Lyon and 85 km (53 mi) north-north-west of Marseille. On the west it shares a border with the department of Gard and the communes of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon and Les Angles and to the south it borders the department of Bouches-du-Rhône and the communes of Barbentane, Rognonas, Châteaurenard, and Noves.
These are the geographical sites mentioned in the geography of Avignon/OC/Occitan/Orange. It is always good to find the root both of the name and of the location which always have spiritual significance. I hope you can recognize the symbolism and significance in the following:
DuranceThe Durance (Durença in Occitan or Durènço in Mistralian) is a major river in south-eastern France. A left tributary of the Rhône, it is 323.2 km (200.8 mi) long. Its source is in the south-western Alps, in Montgenèvre ski resort near Briançon and it flows south-west through the following departments and cities:
- Hautes-Alpes: Briançon, Embrun. Alpes-de-Haute; Provence: Sisteron, Manosque; Vaucluse: Cavaillon, Avignon; Bouches-du-Rhône.
The Durance’s largest tributary is the Verdon. The Durance itself is a tributary of the Rhône and flows into the Rhône near Avignon. Etymology – The Durance is documented in Ancient Greek as drouentios potamos and in Latin as Druentia (1st century). The traditional forms are probably derivatives of *Dūrantia, based on the Celtic “dour” (water) and suffix “ant” (stream). The Latin form drou (“hard”) changed into the proto-Occitan “dur”. Similar names are found in the names of many rivers in the Western Alps: Dora in Italy, Dranse in Haute-Savoie, and the Drôme in south-eastern France. All these rivers have their sources in mountains, and are fast-running.
The Durance retains its name because the Durance valley is an old and important trade route.
Lyon – The city was named in the 1st (43 b.c) century Lugdunum by its founder, the roman Munatius Plancus . Lugdunum is a latinization of the Gaulish *Lugudunon, meaning “Fortress (or hill since it was built on a hill) of Lugus( celtic god who romans identified as their Mercury)” or, alternately “Fortress of the champion’’. The foundation was built on Fourvière hill and officially called Colonia Copia Felix Munatia, a name invoking prosperity and the blessing of the gods. The city became increasingly referred to as Lugdunum (and occasionally Lugudunum). The earliest translation of this Gaulish place-name as “Desired Mountain” is offered by the 9th-century Endlicher Glossary. In contrast, some modern scholars have proposed a Gaulish hill-fort named Lug[o]dunon, after the Celtic god Lugus (‘Light‘, cognate with Old Irish Lugh, Modern Irish Lú), and dúnon (hill-fort). It was established as the capital of the Roman french colony. To this day, the archbishop of Lyon is still referred to as “Primat des Gaules“. 
“high bishop, preeminent ecclesiastical official of a province,” having a certain jurisdiction, as vicar of the pope, over other bishops in his province, c. 1200, from Old French primat and directly from Medieval Latin primatem (nominative primas) “church primate,” noun use of Late Latin adjective primas “of the first rank, chief, principal,” from primus “first” (see prime (adj.)).
The Romans recognised that Lugdunum’s strategic location at the convergence of two navigable rivers (These places where two rivers meet or where one or more rivers meet the ocean/sea are VERY IMPORTANT SPIRITUALLY) made it a natural communications hub. The city became the starting point of main Roman roads in the area, and it quickly became the capital of the province, Gallia Lugdunensis. The words tend to change and simplify so over 1000 years lugdunum became Lyon , The name by which the city is known today.
Monte lyon = Riding a lion in french. SO LYON TRANSLATES TO LION
The Croix-Rousse (Red Cross) district of Lyon is the hill in the northern part of the Presqu’île, or center of Lyon (map). Its name comes from a 16th century cross that was reddish brown in color. The northern hill is La Croix-Rousse, known as “the hill that works” because it is traditionally home to many small silk (China Connection) workshops, an industry for which the city has long been renowned. Here we see a signifyer of the French/Chinese connection. One of many.
Liyon, Pronounced [ʎjɔ̃]; Italian: Lione, pronounced [liˈone]) is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France. Former capital of the Gauls at the time of the Roman Empire, Lyon is the seat of an archbishopric whose holder bears the title of Primate of the Gauls. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. In the late 1400s and 1500s Lyon was also a key centre of literary activity and book publishing. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematograph. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights. Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, the International Agency for Research on Cancer and Euronews
Gard = yard (n.2) – measure of length, Old English gerd (Mercian), gierd (West Saxon) “rod, staff, stick; measure of length,” from West Germanic *gazdijo, from Proto-Germanic *gazdjo “stick, rod” (source also of Old Saxon gerda, Old Frisian ierde, Dutch gard “rod;” Old High German garta, German gerte “switch, twig,” Old Norse gaddr “spike, sting, nail”), from PIE root *ghazdh-o- “rod, staff, pole” (source also of Latin hasta “shaft, staff“). The nautical yard-arm retains the original sense of “stick.”
Les Angles – angle (n.) – “space or difference in direction between intersecting lines,” late 14c., from Old French angle “an angle, a corner” (12c.) and directly from Latin angulus “an angle, a corner,” a diminutive form from PIE root *ang-/*ank- ” to bend” (source also of Greek ankylos “bent, crooked,” Latin ang(u)ere “to compress in a bend, fold, strangle;” Old Church Slavonic aglu “corner;” Lithuanian anka “loop;” Sanskrit ankah “hook, bent,” Old High German ango “hook“).Figurative sense “point or direction from which one approaches something” is from 1872. Angle-bracket is 1781 in carpentry; 1956 in typography. (So, this is connected no doubt with the symbolism of the Freemasons Compass and Square.) Originally in Anglo-Saxon times a land measure of roughly 5 meters (a length later called rod, pole, or perch). Modern measure of “three feet” is attested from late 14c. (earlier rough equivalent was the ell of 45 inches, and the verge). In Middle English and after, the word also was a euphemism for “penis” (as in “Love’s Labour’s Lost,” V.ii.676). Slang meaning “one hundred dollars” first attested 1926, American English. Middle English yerd (Old English gierd) also was “yard-land, yard of land,” a varying measure but often about 30 acres or a quarter of a hide
Bouches-du-Rhône = MOUTHS OF THE ROD. The Rhone being the main River that runs through this area bringing water from the ALPS. Barbentane – Bar: (Iron barrier, door, gate, an obstruction) Bar graph is attested from 1925; Behind bars “in prison” is attested by 1934; Bar code first recorded 1963. So, Bar Code is a gate for the data, and a barrier to common users. ben: (roughly pyramidal mountain peaks, 1788 from Gaelic beinn “peak, summit, mountain,” from Old Irish *benno – “peak, horn, conical point,” from PIE *bend- “projecting point.”) tane: (To be on (one’s) toes “alert, eager” is recorded from 1921. To step on (someone’s) toes in the figurative sense “give offense” is from late 14c. Toe-hold “support for the toe of a boot in climbing” is from 1880. Rognonas: Rog: roe (n.1)“fish eggs,” mid-15c., probably from an unrecorded Old English *hrogn, from Proto-Germanic *khrugna (source also of Old Norse hrogn, Danish rogn, Swedish rom, Flemish rog, Middle Low German and Middle Dutch roge, Old High German rogo, German Rogen “roe”), from PIE *krek- “frog spawn, fish eggs” (source also of Lithuanian kurklė, Russian krjak “spawn of frogs”). Exact relations of the Germanic words are uncertain. (Is this a reference to the spawn of Satan? The children of Dagon? Is that why rich people love caviar so much?)rogue (n.) 1560s, “idle vagrant,” perhaps a shortened form of roger (with a hard -g-), thieves‘ slang for a begging vagabond who pretends to be a poor scholar from Oxford or Cambridge, which is perhaps an agent noun in English from Latin rogare “to ask.” (WAIT, this is too strange. Is this a refence to the Freemason ritual? The traveler greeting his fellow traveler by asking the questions? Being of the brotherhood of scholars?) Another theory [Klein] traces it to Celtic. “one who is mischievous (Now we know that the thief and the mischievous joker is a reference to Satan.) nonas: nona – before vowels non-, word-forming element indicating “nine,” from combining form of Latin nonus “ninth,” contracted from *novenos, from novem “nine” (see nine). nun (n.) – Old English nunne “woman devoted to religious life under vows of celibacy, poverty, and obedience to a superior,” also “vestal, pagan priestess,” Nine (9) is sacred to occultists because it is the “first cube of an odd number (3)”, (Van Buren, p.40-41) The triple nine (999) is utilized to represent 666, because it is simply the inversion of 666. 5. Châteaurenard: chateau (n.) – “large stately residence in the country, manor-house,” c. 1739, from French château, from Old French chastel (12c.), from Latin castellum “castle” (see castle (n.)). castle (n.)– late Old English castel “village” (this sense from a biblical usage in Vulgar Latin); later “large building or series of connected buildings fortified for defense, fortress, stronghold” (late Old English), in this sense from Old North French castel (Old French chastel, 12c.; Modern French château), from Latin castellum “a castle, fort, citadel, stronghold; fortified village,” diminutive of castrum “fort,” from Proto-Italic *kastro- “part, share;” cognate with Old Irish cather, Welsh caer “town” (probably related to castrare via notion of “cut off,” from PIE root *kes- “to cut“). In early bibles, castle was used to translate Greek kome “village.” Renard: Fox– name of an Algonquian people (confederated with the Sac after 1760), translating French renards, which itself may be a translation of an Iroquoian term meaning “red fox people.” Their name for themselves is /meškwahki:-haki/ “red earths.” French renard “fox” is from Reginhard, the name of the fox in old Northern European fables (as in Low German Reinke de Vos, but Chaucer in The Nun’s Priest’s Tale calls him Daun Russell); it is Germanic and means literally “strong in council, wily.“ Noves: – Noves translates to new in English. novel (n.) – “fictitious prose narrative,” 1560s, from Italian novella “short story,” originally “new story, news,” from Latin novella “new things” (source of French novelle, French nouvelle), neuter plural or fem. of novellus “new, young, recent,” diminutive of novus “new” (novelist) “an innovator” (1580s); “a novice” (1620s); “a news-carrier” (1706) From mid-14c. as “novel, modern” (Gower, 1393, has go the new foot “dance the latest style”). In the names of cities and countries named for some other place, c. 1500. Meaning “not habituated, unfamiliar, unaccustomed,” 1590s. Of the moon from late Old English. The adverb, “newly, for the first time,” is Old English niwe, from the adjective. As a noun, “that which is new,” also in Old English. There was a verb form in Old English (niwian, neowian) and Middle English (neuen) “make, invent, create; bring forth, produce, bear fruit; begin or resume (an activity); resupply; substitute” roman (n.) – “a novel,” 1765, from French roman, from Old French romanz (see romance (n.)); roman à clef, novel in which characters represent real persons, literally “novel with a key”
MEANING, MYSTERY AND MAGIC OF THE NUMBER 9 (NINE)
The number Nine is the last of the single-digit numbers in our base-ten counting system, and represents the end of the cycle. Ancient mathematical philosophers called it the “finishing post”, and the ancient Greeks called it “the Horizon”. It’s unsurpassable, and represents the uppermost limit of what can be discovered, and expressed inside of our human experience.
THROUGH EFFORT, COMES EXPERIENCE
Numerologists understand that the number 9 holds an exceptionally wise, spiritual energy. It contains every other number that has come before it (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 = 45, and 4 + 5 = 9). So symbolically, the number nine is the container for all worldly experiences. As well as this, it’s also made up of the sacred trinity, thrice (3 x 3) which gives it additional sacred power. When something is repeated 3 times, its potency is increased. When it’s repeated three times three, it’s power is ultimate!
THE NUMBER 9 AND ASTROLOGY, MYTHOLOGY AND RELIGION
In the ancient world (which is, let’s face it, is where numbers and their spiritual power were understood SO much more than they are today) the number 9 resonated with sacred structure, and the furthest limitations of this world, before human experience meets the Divine. Perhaps more than any other, the number nine had an extra special significance, which spread far and wide. It features across pretty much all cultures, worldwide, rippling through culture, mythology, history, law and time.
- Nine is the central number in the ancient Celtic tradition.
- Nine expresses through the triple Goddess (see Number 3) and in myths of the nine Celtic maidens, or sorceresses. In fact, stories of nine mystical women presiding over nature spread from England, Ireland and Wales, to Scandinavia, Iceland and even as far as Kenya. Even today, it’s tradition for nine groups of nine men to dance around Beltane fires. The limit of winter (which is what Beltane
- Almost all of the mythological tales from around the world have patterns of the number 9 weaving throughout.
- The Northern European sagas tell of Odin, who rules over the nine Norse worlds. His trial, to win the secrets of wisdom for mankind, was to hang on the Yggdrasil tree for nine days.
- Demeter, the Greek Goddess of the Earth searched for nine days for her daughter Persephone (who was in the underworld with Hades). Demeter is often depicted holding nine pieces of corn. Once recovered, Persephone was obliged to spend three months per year below the ground, and nine months above.
- Native American, Mayan and Aztec myths tell of a total of nine cosmic levels (and many of the temples comprise 9 stories).
- And in ancient China, nine was the most auspicious number of divine power: the Chinese had nine sacred rites, nine social laws, nine classes of officials in the government and built nine-story pagodas.
- In astrology, the planet Mars vibrates to the frequency of the nine.
- The ninth sign of the Zodiac is Sagittarius (where the Sun sails from November 22nd – December 21st)
- In Tarot, card number nine is the Hermit.
- In Hinduism, nine is the number of Brahma.
- In the Greek Sagas, the city of Troy was under siege for nine years.
Many important sites are in this provence, so check it out. One important site:.
- Church of Notre-Dame de Piété, founded as a Franciscan hermitage in the 13th century. The current edifice dates to the 1630 and 1720s reconstructions.
The city of Avignon is in the vicinity of Orange (north), Nîmes, Montpellier (south-west), Arles (to the south), Salon-de-Provence, and Marseille (south-east). Directly contiguous to the east and north are the communes of Caumont-sur-Durance, Morières-lès-Avignon, Le Pontet, and Sorgues.
Geology and terrain
A theatre festival is held annually in Avignon. Founded in 1947, the Avignon Festival comprises traditional theatrical events as well as other art forms such as dance, music, and cinema, making use of the town’s historical monuments. Every summer approximately 100,000 people attend the festival. There are really two festivals that take place: the more formal “Festival In”, which presents plays inside the Palace of the Popes and the more bohemian “Festival Off”, which is known for its presentation of largely undiscovered plays and street performances.
Avignon festival was founded by Jean Vilar. This cultural initiative brought, year after year, a major economic boost to the city and to the region of Provence. Indeed, the tourists visiting Avignon during the month of July usually take benefit of their presence to go to the smaller villages around, to discover the local food, local wines, touristic activities, learn some French.
International Congress Centre
The centre was created in 1976 within the premises of the Palace of the Popes and hosts many events throughout the entire year. The Congress Centre, designed for conventions, seminars, and meetings for 10 to 550 persons, now occupies two wings of the Popes’ Palace.
The bridge is the Pont Saint-Bénézet over the Rhône of which only four arches (out of the initial 22) now remain. A bridge across the Rhone was built between 1171 and 1185, with a length of some 900 m (2950 ft), but was destroyed during the siege of Avignon by Louis VIII of France in 1226. It was rebuilt but suffered frequent collapses during floods and had to be continually repaired. Several arches were already missing (and spanned by wooden sections) before the remainder was abandoned in 1669.
From history to fantasy, and everything in between, there are plenty of French festivals to help you experience the country’s vibrant culture.
Whether you call France home or are just visiting, going to festivals is a great way to immerse yourself in French culture. Luckily, there are plenty of spectacular French festivals to choose from throughout the year. These celebrate everything from kites and lemons to dragons and opera. So if you’re looking for a fun culture fix, mark your diaries for these epic events.
1. Berck Sur Mer Kite Festival
Giant pigs actually might fly at the Berck-Sur-Mer International Kite Festival. For over two decades, more than half a million spectators have come to watch the spectacular display of kites fly over the seaside town of Berck-Sur-Mer. Taking place every March or April, the festival sees giant dragons, whales, octopuses, and various cartoon characters take to the skies over the sandy beach. The festival also plays host to the International Kite Championships of the World every two years. During this time, experts from all over the world compete against the wind – and each other. (You know that the WIND represents the HOLY SPIRIT.)
11 Apr 2016
The International Kite Festival at Berck sur Mer, France, in pictures
There is plenty of room up on the sanddunes to get a good view of the spectacle. There are also plenty of activities and entertainment to keep children of ages happy. They can learn how to make and fly kites or shop for their very own kite among the many stalls. Make sure to stick around for the last evening of the festival. This is when a night-time flying display and fireworks show brings the majestic event to a close. (in honor of BAAL/LUGH their God of FIRE/Light)
Held over two weeks in February, the Fête du Citron(Lemon Festival) celebrates all things citrusin the city of Menton. More than 200,000 visitors come to marvel at the colorful floats and sculpturescreated from lemons and oranges. During the daytime, parades of fruit-covered floats make their way through the streets as wind musicians, acrobats, and drummers entertain the crowds. And come nightfall, 10-meter-high whimsical statues and models made from citrus fill the picturesque Biovès Gardens.
More than 300 professionals come together to create the displays which are made from 145 tons of citrus. The quirky festival celebrates Menton’s annual production of specialty lemons and other citrus fruit. Therefore, you will find various jams, soaps, and perfumes on sale at the Crafts Fair; all made from local lemons and oranges, of course. You can treat yourself to a glass of delicious fresh lemonade or even buy your own lemon tree. Needless to say, the air smells incredible during this zesty event.
3. Cannes Film Festival
Film buffs will no doubt want to head to the world’s most famous movie festival, the Cannes Film Festival. The red-carpet event was created by a French Minister of Education and Fine Arts. He wanted to establish an international cultural event in France to rival the Venice Film Festival. And it’s safe to say, he succeeded. More than 30,000 professionals from all over the world attend the annual festival.
A cinematograph is a motion picture film camera, which—in combination with different parts—also serves as a film projector and printer. It was developed in the 1890s in Lyon by Auguste and Louis Lumière.
The device was invented and patented as the “Cinématographe Léon Bouly” by French inventor Léon Bouly on February 12, 1892. Bouly coined the term “cinematograph,” from the Greek for “writing in movement.“ Due to a lack of money, Bouly could not develop his ideas properly and maintain his patent fees, so he sold his rights to the device and name to the Lumière brothers. In 1895, they applied the name to a device that was mostly their own invention.
The Lumière brothers made their first film, Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory (Sortie de l’usine Lumière de Lyon), that same year. The first commercial, public screening of cinematographic films happened on 28 December 1895 at Salon Indien du Grand Café in Paris and was organised by the Lumière brothers. This history-making presentation featured ten short films, including their first film, Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory. Each of these early films is 17 meters long (approximately 56 feet), which, when hand cranked through a projector, runs approximately 50 seconds.
LIVE THE MAGIC OF THE CANNES FILM FESTIVAL
Every year, during the second half of May, the whole Croisette lives to the rhythm of the cinema!
Founded in 1946, the Cannes Film Festival aims to promote, reveal and highlight the Seventh Art. Over the years, it has become one of the most publicized cinematographic art festivals and whose prizes are synonymous with great prestige. From climbing the steps of the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès to the awarding of the Palme d’Or, this is an opportunity to celebrate and highlight the film industry as a whole; the festival being an annual rendezvous for all film lovers.
In a rhinestone and glitter atmosphere, come and discover the city during the Cannes Film Festival.
Every year, during the second half of May.
Palace of Festivals and Congresses, Cannes
The Palme d’Or (French pronunciation: [palm(ə) dɔʁ]; English: Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the festival’s organizing committee.
Previously, from 1939 to 1954, The highest prize at the Cannes Film Festival was called “Grand Prix du Festival” tht Grand Prix title was utilized from 1946 to 1954 and again from 1964 to 1974.
From 1955 to 1963 and again from 1975 to present day, the title utilized for the highest prize is “Palme d’Or”
Free Dictionary by Farlex
crossette (redirected from C roisette)
crossette (krɒˈsɛt) n
1. (Architecture) architect a lateral extension in a corner of the architrave of a window or door
2. a type of firework that explodes in a cross shape
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998,
2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
“The promenade of La Croisette is one of the most appreciated jewels of the city of Cannes. Linking the beach and the city, the Croisette is considered an attractive promenade par excellence
Written in 1943, these words still hold true today – the street has received the classification of “picturesque site” and presents a true invitation for idleness as you take in the sights.
At the origin of the designation of this prestigious walk, is a Provençal name, “Crouseto” which means “little cross”. An oratory placed at the far end of the cape reminds visitors of the history of the pilgrims who embarked from this point for the island St. Honorat, attracted by the reputation for holiness of the monks of Lérins who lived there
La Croisette is a piece of land that has taken on the sea. At the beginning, it was little more than a dirt road, swept away by waves and storms, and surrounded by reeds and swamps. Sand dunes, some of which were more than 15m high, punctuated this landscape up to what is now Rue des Etats-Unis. After this point, up to the cape of the Palm Beach, it was seen as the world’s end, often named “the little Siberia” by the local fishermen.
In 1850, to satisfy the rich clients who came here for the winter season, the city had to install a decent promenade along the shore. Thus, the construction of the famous Croisette was launched.
In 1874 the Boulevard opened up for traffic up to Rue Zamenhoff. However, it was not until after 1890 that it was finally extended to the end of the cape.
This includes numerous actors and directors who come to showcase their newest releases. They also hope to compete for the prestigious Palme d’Or (Golden Palm)award. (From name of the award “Palme d’Or” We can see that Or to the French means GOLDEN. So, ORANGE that is why the ORANGE is so important to the people of the area and of the Union/Brotherhood/Covenant/Concordat.)
|The PALM Tree is very significant Spiritually. Historically, the palm tree was symbolic of regeneration, immortality, and victory. They can also symbolize eternity, because of this, some people know it as the tree of life. Other things that palm tree represent are fertility, vitality, value, protection, aspiration, unification, expansion, attainment, are all part of their symbolism.|
The festival is as much a social event as it is a professional one. So while most screenings are invitation-only, there are still plenty of opportunities to spot your favorite A-list celebrities. A huge open-air cinema, the Cinéma de la Plage, also screens Cannes classics on the beach. You can buy tickets from the Cannes Tourist office.
|plage (n.)-“a region, district, land, country,” late 14c., from Old French plage (13c.) and directly from Late Latin plagia “a plain, shore,” noun use of adjective (plagia regio), from plaga “a region, stretch of country” (see pelagic). From early 15c. as “one of the four cardinal directions of the compass.” Astronomical use in reference to a region of the sun’s chromosphere is from 1949.
Chromosphere: The chromosphere (literally, “sphere of color”) is the second of the three main layers in the Sun‘s atmosphere and is roughly 3,000 to 5,000 kilometers deep. Its rosy red color is only apparent during eclipses. The chromosphere sits just above the photosphere and below the solar transition region. The layer of the chromosphere atop the photosphere is homogeneous. A forest of hairy-appearing spicules rise from the homogeneous layer, some of which extend 10,000 km into the corona above.
A plage is a bright region in the chromosphere of the Sun, typically found in regions of the chromosphere near sunspots. The term itself is poetically taken from the French word for “beach”. The plage regions map closely to the bright spots (faculae) in the photosphere below, but the latter have much smaller spatial scales. Accordingly, plage occurs most visibly near a sunspot region. Faculae have a strong influence on the solar constant, and the more readily detectable (because chromospheric) plage areas traditionally are used to monitor this influence. In this context, “active network” consists of plage-like brightenings extending away from active regions as their magnetism appears to diffuse into the quiet Sun, but constrained to follow the network boundaries.
Because we can explain faculae with the strictly photospheric “hot wall” model, the actual physical relationship between plage and faculae is not clear.
4. Nice Carnival
Taking place every February, the famous Nice Carnival is one of the largest carnivals in the world; alongside those in Brazil, Venice, and Mardi Gras in New Orleans.It is also the most important event on the French Riviera. Over a million people from all over take to the street of Nice during the day and night. They come to marvel at the flamboyant floats, colorful costumes, and stunning parades; all the while soaking up the buzzing Carnival atmosphere. More than 1,000 dancers and musicians from around the world perform at the magnificent carnival.
|Carnival: There seems to be no real concrete etymology for the word carnival. I refuse to agree with those who say it means saying good bye to flesh. If you study what happens at carnival, it is anything but saying good bye to flesh. There is a great deal of meat being eaten at carnival, and a lot of other things being consumed as well. But, most importantly, CARNIVAL is a REVELING IN THE FLESH. Fleshly sin abounds at Carnival time. Every kind of sin imaginable. How sincere can your lental sacrifice be if you spend several days before hand indulging in despicable sins?? Seriously!|
Each year, a special theme is chosen, and artists create a series of floats and other figurines inpapier-mâché for the colorful parade. Come nightfall, the floats are illuminated for the enchanting Parade of Lights. A vibrant Flower Parade also takes place each year. This is when extravagantly dressed characters throw 100,000 flowers into the crowd along the Promenade des Anglais. Clouds of confetti and silly string also fill the air in the excitement.
Anglais is a dance rhythm that spread over Europe during the last part of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It is preserved in the art music in the suite, and in folk music in different parts of Europe sometimes under local names such as engelska.
‘English’ pronounced ‘Anglis’ which subsequently was slanged into ’Yankis’ which eventually became the nickname for the EnglishAmericans in the 1700s-1800s today known as ‘Yankee’!
Submitted by anonymous on November 11, 2019
5. Festival Medieval de Sedan
For an unforgettable slice of Medieval France, head to the Sedan Medieval Festival in May. Held at the largest medieval castle in Europe, the Château de Sedan, the festival brings the spirit of the Middle Ages alive. Thrilling jousting tournaments, overflowing banquets, and atmospheric parades take place around the castle grounds. Around 15,000 people come to explore the castle. Spread over seven floors across 35 square meters, there is certainly plenty to spark the imagination. Just be prepared to climb a lot of stairs!
|Sedan: a portable often covered chair that is designed to carry one person and that is borne on poles by two people. 1630s, “covered chair on poles,” possibly from a southern Italian dialect derivative of Italian sede “chair” (compare Italian seggietta, 1590s; the thing itself was said to have been introduced from Naples), from Latin sedes, related to sedere “to sit,” from PIE root *sed- (1) “to sit.” Since Johnson’s conjecture, often derived from the town of Sedan in France, where it was said to have been made or first used.|
Meanwhile, in the castle grounds and on the city streets, guests can enjoy a wide variety of entertainment. This includes a glorious procession of knights, nail-biting sword fights and wrestling matches, falconry shows, and flag-throwing competitions. Visitors can also browse hundreds of stalls at the sprawling medieval market and pick up all sorts of hand-made souvenirs. Some of the festival highlights include a parade by torchlight across the castle grounds and a dragon-sleighing performance with real fire-breathing, medieval cuisine, medieval weapons, medicine and surgery, the history of chivalry, the forge,the glass factory , the manufacture of clothing. With so much entertainment on offer, this is definitely one of the most popular French festivals among families.
6. Bastille Day
Bastille Day – Wikipedia
Celebrated nationwide on July 14, Bastille Day is the biggest and most important festival in the French calendar. It commemorates the day that Parisian commoners and peasants stormed the fortress and prison of Bastille. This provoked events that would end the monarchy and usher in the age of liberty, fraternity, and equality. Celebrations are held all over France, including large-scale public events and parties.
Streamed live on Jul 14, 2020
The best place to be, however, is in Paris. Here, celebrations start on the night of 13 July when many fire stations throw all-night parties. On Bastille Day itself, a huge parade and various free concerts take place around the city. Come nightfall, some of the best fireworksyou will ever see light up the sky over the Eiffel Tower. For the best atmosphere and view of the display, go early to the Trocadéro gardens, the Parc de Belleville, or the Champ de Mars. For a bird’s eye view, the Sacré Cœur or Montparnasse Tower are unbeatable.
Champ de Mars
The Champ de Mars is a large public greenspace in Paris, France, located in the seventh arrondissement, between the Eiffel Tower to the northwest and the École Militaire to the southeast. The park is named after the Campus Martius in Rome, a tribute to the Roman God of War. Wikipedia
7. La Fête de la Musique
There’s music in the air throughout France on June 21, the day of the summer solstice.This is when La Fête de la Musique (Music Day) takes part, celebrating the diversity and scope of musical practices in all its different genres. The first all-day musical celebration was first held in Paris in 1982 but later became celebrated in 120 countries around the world. During the festival, thousands of musicians gather in the streets, bars, and cafés giving free public performances. They play everything from rock and jazz to hip-hop and electronic music.
Fête de la musique à Paris : retour sur une soirée de fête… et de heurts Publié
CLICK THE TITLE LINK ABOVE TO WATCH THE VIDEO
Meanwhile, citizens are allowed and even urged to play music outside in their neighborhoods or in public spaces and parks. The festival aims to make music accessible to the public and familiarize young and old from all social backgrounds with all musical expressions. Those who can play an instrument or sing are also encouraged to get involved. So if you happen to have a saxophone or guitar lying around, you’re more than welcome.
8. Festival d’Avignon
Another fantastic French festival not to miss is theFestival d’Avignon. The annual theater festival is held in July in the courtyard of thePalais des Papesin Avignon. During this time, Avignon transforms its architectural heritage into various majestic performance venues. Tens of thousands of theater-lovers of all ages come to enjoy theatre, dance, visual arts, and live music. The town also becomes an open-air forum where festival-goers can talk about the shows and share their experiences.
Every evening, there is at least one show première, making Avignon the place to be artists and spectators alike. Alongside the official festival, which is referred to as the “In” one, a number of shows are presented in Avignon at the same time; known as the “Off”. These are organized by a non-profit organization composed mostly of theatre companies. The performances take place in theaters schools, on the streets, and in other suitable venues. Needless to say, if you love theater, this is one French festival not to miss.
9. Chorégies d’Orange
Dating back to 1869, the Chorégies d’Orange is the oldest festival in Franceand the place to be if you love opera and classical music. It takes place every August in a beautifully preserved Roman Theatre in Orange. Almost 9,000 spectators come to lap up the incredible historic atmosphere of the ancient theater. They also get to enjoy the exceptional natural acoustics, created by the theater’s original stone stage wall.
With its semi-circular tiered stone seating, the Roman theater is undoubtedly one of the best settings in the world in which to enjoy al fresco opera. Every year, the festival puts on a program of well- and lesser-known productions starring international opera stars. All the major players of the French classical stage have appeared in the Orange festivals over the years. But even if you’re not a huge opera fan, it’s an experience not to be missed.
10. Festival of Lights, Lyon
For four days in December, the city of Lyon comes aglow during the Festival of Lights, which pays homage to the Virgin Mary. Thousands of flickering candles can be seen in windows and on balconies, creating a beautiful and magical atmosphere. Meanwhile, the city’s buildings and bridges come aglow with multi-colored lights. Various light installations created by artists from all over the world also help to light up Lyon.
Other activities based on light usually take place over the four days, too. The highlight of the festival, however, is the lighting up of the Basilica of Fourvière in different colors. The evening light show at the Place des Terreaux is also not to be missed. If you decide to visit, just be prepared for the crowds, as it is said that up to four million people attend over the four days.
Basilica of Fourvière: Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière
The Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière is a minor basilica in Lyon. It was built with private funds between 1872 and 1884 in a dominant position overlooking the city. The site it occupies was once the Roman forum of Trajan, the forum vetus, thus its name.
Place des Terreaux
The Place des Terreaux is a square located in the center of Lyon, France on the Presqu’île between the Rhône and the Saône, at the foot of the hill of La Croix-Rousse in the 1st arrondissement of Lyon. The square belongs to the zone classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
As you watch this next video, think of the open air ampitheater at ORANGE. Think about the color orange, and the number nine, and DNA manipulation. Think about the Serpent Seed and the Alien Disclosure. Think about the Royals and the Indo-China connection. Celts/Druids/Magi Think about the ARTS and the gifts from the Fallen. Think about Pan/Baphomet/BAAL. Think about the COVID 19 LOCKDOWN and The RESET. Think about KEYS. After you watch the video, you might want to walk through this whole article one more time with new eyes.
THE OCCULT HIDDEN MEANINGS BEHIND THE UTAH MONOLITH DECODED