Believe it or not, this “delightful” lyrical story that tugs so deeply at your heart strings is a trap of the DEVIL! It is a masquerade. The PAN you see, is a facade. The PAN to whom you are paying tribute, the one you are teaching your children to LOVE, is PAN THE GOAT GOD, SATAN, THE ADVERSARY OF YOUR SOUL. HE is also BAAL, the one they are bringing into your places of government in the form of his TEMPLE GATEWAY. BAAL the PAGAN GOD who tried to turn GODS CHOSEN PEOPLE away from HIM!
WAKE UP PEOPLE! WAKE UP!
PAN THE GOAT GOD has always been worshiped in NATURE. In the groves, the forests, the gardens and parks, mountains and grottoes. Exactly where you find all these statues.
Nothing is more likely to inspire us to see for ourselves than a warning about the effects of looking. Take the media interest this month when it was revealed that the British Museum’s exhibition, Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum, is to include a “parental guidance” notice. The reason? An ancient marble sculpture of the god Pan (a part-human, part-goat figure) having sex with a she-goat is not to be segregated, as it has been since its discovery in 1752, but displayed openly with the other exhibits – a liberal move by London, if also one which dulls the object’s impact. Getting this story into the news ensures that centuries of censorship are not swept under the carpet, and that Pan, and the show he speaks for, remain “hot property”.
But the news story also exaggerates this censorship. Far from being forgotten in its first modern home in the royal palace at Portici on the Bay of Naples, the sculpture, which was part of a restricted collection in the cellars, was quickly a celebrity.
For anyone still too shy to seek permission or bribe the guard, there were published engravings and photographs. In 2000 the museum opened the “Secret Cabinet” to a fanfare of press (and to women as well as men) but, by keeping the cabinet as an entity apart, still branded Pan and the goat “pornographic”.
What would the inhabitants of ancient Herculaneum and Pompeii have thought about the fact that, of some 250 objects representing them in the exhibition, which opens on Thursday and runs until 29 September, Pan and the goat should be the trailblazer? How typical is it of the sculptures that surrounded them on an everyday basis?
More typical, certainly, than it is for us today. Turner prize winner Mark Wallinger’s plan to erect a colossal sculpted horse in Ebbsfleet, Kent, has proved controversial enough – imagine the furore if he had wanted to have this horse mounted by a second steel-and-concrete stallion or a fibreglass humanoid! Sculpture, and sexually explicit sculpture at that, some of it violent, was common currency in Roman culture across all sectors of society –and crucially was on open access.
Beyond sculpture, sex scenes graced drinking cups, oil lamps and dining room walls, and tintinnabula, or phallic wind-chimes, were suspended from doorways.
A public bathhouse just beyond the walls of Pompeii encapsulates the difference between ancient and modern sensibilities nicely: above each locker in the building’s only changing room was what we might call a top-shelf picture. One scene shows a threesome of two males and a female, another a man performing cunnilingus on a woman, and so on.
Normative these are not: whatever the Romans were up to in the bedroom or the brothel, their moral discourse – as ancient graffiti, satirical poetry and prosecution speeches make clear for us – condemned oral sex as filthy, particularly when it was the man who was giving the woman pleasure, and especially if, as in the image, it demanded that he squat on the floor in front of her. But this was the bathhouse’s only changing room, used by women as well as men – these pictures were acceptable even if they were risqué, sideways glances at sex and gender in a space which was all about the body, and funny reminders of where one had left one’s tunic (imagine a wealthy woman explaining to a slave where she had left her clothes.
But locker-room humour cannot explain all Roman erotica – if indeed “Roman erotica” is a tenable category. Some of the sex scenes in wealthy houses at Pompeii are just too pretty to be funny, their exquisite painting and expensive pigments signalling seduction rather than obscenity.
Tintinnabula, meanwhile, were designed not to attract the viewer but to ward off evil, sometimes by arousing raucous laughter but often something more sinister. Whether an erect penis was seen as a sex organ, marker of masculinity, fertility symbol, or weapon depended on the context.
If we are to understand Pan and the goat, we have to understand that Pan is a god. The boundary between the sacred and the secular was rather more porous in classical antiquity than it is today.
So in an intimate room in one Pompeian house two panels, each showing a man and woman enjoying sexual intercourse, share the space with a painting of the demigod Hercules. The gods were notoriously incontinent when it came to their sex lives – not simply full of the emotions and urges that their anthropomorphism demanded, but excessive in these emotions and urges, as befitted beings who looked like mortals but were superhuman.
A favourite scene, both in frescoes and on marble coffins or sarcophagi, shows the sleeping shepherd boy Endymion being visited by the Moon goddess Selene, who bore him 50 daughters. Communion with the divine is here configured as sexual intercourse.
But assuming human shape was just one option for a god. All of them could shape-shift – the king of the gods, Jupiter, preferring to appear to his mortal consorts as an animal. The reality of his divine form was, as Bacchus’s mortal mother, Semele, found to her cost, impossible to countenance: encouraged by Jupiter’s jealous wife, she asks him to reveal his true self, only to be burned to a cinder. Jupiter manages to maintain a swan-like disguise in his sex with a second mortal woman, Leda, causing her to give birth to her children in eggs.
But images of their lovemaking, popular across the ancient Mediterranean, are still difficult to look at. And so they should be: for it is epiphany that we are witnessing here, the moment that divine power, in all of its unsettling strangeness, makes itself manifest. What would it mean for us not to be taken beyond our comfort zone in seeing and feeling the gods?
Myth held that the Theban seer Teiresias was blinded, and the hunter Actaeon turned into a stag and ripped apart by his dogs, as punishment for stumbling upon a naked goddess.
Where does this web of human and divine experience leave Pan and the goat?
Made from a single piece of Italian marble and highly polished as befits a work of quality, the small sculptural group was originally displayed in a large waterfront villa now known as the Villa of the Papyri, just outside Herculaneum. This first-century BC villa is as renowned for its extraordinary library (the charred remains of which have given the site its name and scholars endless work in piecing together lost examples of ancient learning) as for its sculpture collection.
Pan was found in the garden, south of the villa’s pool, together with three marble herms, one of them a portrait, often identified as a successor of Alexander the Great, Demetrios Poliorketes, who ruled Macedon in the first quarter of the third century BC; the others were philosopher types with frowning brows and beards. Throughout the garden, images of athletes, thinkers and dynasts vied for attention with female figures, gods, animals and satyrs.
Pan and the goat lie at the very limits of this range: if this garden is designed to stimulate visitors to talk philosophy with the owner and to leave the banalities of everyday life behind, Pan and the goat threaten to puncture the Arcadian idyll.
Except that Pan, the son of Hermes, whose statue is also in the garden, is the veritable god of Arcadia. This is his epiphanic moment and one which puts the viewer’s mortality under the spotlight: is Pan more like him or like the goat? Is the viewer closer to the gods or to an animal?
Funny this sculpture may be, but it also hits hard, urging Romans to think harder about what it means to be male and female. It enables us today to access ancient life, not just ancient sex lives.
Not that these lives were any more licentious or uniform than ours (shortly before the eruption, the scenes from the baths were painted over). But ancient lives were certainly different. We will never see what the Romans saw. But, with parental guidance, in the act of looking we can learn more about what it means to be human.
Carrie Vout is a senior lecturer in classics at the University of Cambridge. Her next book, Sex on Show: Seeing the Erotic in Greece and Rome (British Museum Press), is out in August.
Baal (Teaching from Dutch Sheets)
! Through a season of tremendous warfare in November and December, as well as confirmation from
many key leaders, God has exposed the spirit of Baal as one of the strongmen-perhaps the
! Baal is identified as the ruler of the demons.
Matthew 12:24 (Beelzebub is another name for Baal)
! Baal-hamon, one of Baal’s names, means “the lord of wealth or abundance.” Chuck Pierce believes,
and I agree, that this is the principality warring against the great transfer of wealth to the church.
You must war against this spirit to see your inheritance released. Claim *Jeremiah 51:44 (Bel in this
verse is Baal).
! Baal-berith, another of his names, means “the lord of the covenant.” The Hebrew word baal actually
means “husband” or “marriage.” This spirit always attempted to cause Israel to “divorce” or break
covenant with God and “marry” or align with him. Consistent with this, in so many ways America
has broken covenant with God and married Baal. This is, I believe, the strongman behind most
! Baal is the strongman behind sexual perversion. Homosexuality was and is one of his big strongholds. I
believe all of the sexual sin and perversion in America is, to one degree or another, under Baal’s
orchestration. You will continue to see God expose leaders in the church who aligned themselves
with this spirit. Pray for the church to be cleansed and for Baal’s hold on America in this area to be
! Baal always goes after the next generation, trying to cut off the extension of God’s covenantal purposes.
He is a violent spirit and even required human sacrifice. Abortion is under Baal, as is the “cutting” of
today’s young generation (see 1 Kings 18:28), the vampire and goth movement, and the death
culture in general that has so invaded America. Baal is leading the fight to avert the great
awakening planned for the young generation of Americans today. Pray against and bind these
! Witchcraft and occult spirits in general operate under Baal. So does Jezebel.
*Jeremiah 51:44 I will punish Bel in Babylon, And I will make what he has swallowed come out of his
mouth; And the nations will no longer stream to him. Even the wall of Babylon has fallen down! NASU
The Baal Principality (god of 1,000 faces)
Baal (Sun god): Bel, Apollo, Zeus, Marduk, Ahura-Mazda, Osiris, Tammuz, Dagon, Prometheus, Jupiter,
Nimrod, Mithra (“Another Jesus” and “The Anti-Christ”), Ra, Lucetius, Dyaus, Dionysus, Hermes, Adonis,
Pan, Hades, Eros, Uranus, Gaea, Assur, Merodach, Ninus, Shamas, Zeus-Belus, Bacchus
Queen of Heaven (Moon & Sun goddess): Mother of God (and child), The Great Mother, Ashtaroth,
Artemis, Aphrodite, Juno, Lilith, Minerva, Columbia, Nike, Astarte, Athena, Beltis, Diana, Isis (Horus),
Anahita, Inanna, Tanat, Ishtar, Cybele, Mylitta, Hathor, Kali
Leviathan: Neptune, Poseidon, Tiamet, King of Children of PridFor Additional Information:
Dr. John Benefiel, Apostolic Coordinator
Heartland Apostolic Prayer Network
P.O. Box 720006, Oklahoma City, OK 73172
Phone: 405-943-2484 ” Fax: 405-749-0345
Website: www.hapn.us or www.cotr.tv
In a land where water is life, it’s no wonder one of the major sources of water would become a primary place of worship. Regrettably, the god worshipped at Banias was not the God of Israel.
The flowing streams and the nearby waterfalls offer some of the most pleasant and inviting surroundings for tours, holidays, and family outings. What an absolutely beautiful area!
But that’s not why Jesus came here.
THE GOD PAN WORSHIPPED AT BANIAS
The melting snows at the peak of Mount Hermon seep into the ground and appear at its base. From the mouth of a large cave bubbles a cold, clear stream that helps to form the headwaters of the Jordan River. Josephus referred to the streams that flow here as the fountain of the Jordan.
Archaeology has uncovered an open-air shrine above the cave from which the water flows. Niches still visible in the side of the cliff held statues of the Greek god Pan—the mythical half man, half goat who played the panpipe.
We get the word “panic” from this frightful god, and it’s no wonder why! Pan had a thirst for carnal pleasure and once chased a nymph named Syrinx who turned herself into a stand of marsh reeds (so goes the myth). So Pan made a flute from the reeds, and that’s how the panpipe got its name. It’s also why the Walt Disney character Peter Pan plays the flute. (Sorry, parents.)
TWO NAMES, ONE PLACE
The site has been identified in Scripture with several names:
- Baal-gad (Joshua 11:17; 12:7; 13:5)
- Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3)
- Caesarea Philippi (Matthew 16:13)
Today, the place is known by two names for two reasons:
- Banias–Because Arabic has no equivalent for the letter P, the name Panias (for “Pan”) has morphed into “Banias”—the name that exists today.
- Caesarea Philippi–In 197 BC, Antiochus III overthrew the Egyptians at Banias and made way for Antiochus IV to persecute the Jews. The Maccabean Revolt followed. Having received the area from Caesar Augustus in 20 BC, Herod the Great constructed there a temple of white marble in honor of Caesar. Eighteen years later, Herod’s son Philip inherited the site and named it Caesarea. But to distinguish it from Herod’s harbor along the seacoast by the same name, Philip appended his own name to the place—Caesarea Philippi.
The Crusaders used the site—along with the high vantage of nearby Nimrod’s Fortress—as an outpost to face the Sultan of Damascus. Later, the Crusaders compromised with the Muslims and divided the use of the nearby fertile plains.
The beautifully shaded, rocky area gives shelter to rock badgers, or hyraxes, that scamper in and out of the crags. Hebrew poetry refers to these animals as wise because they seek sanctuary in a safe place (Psalm 104:18; Proverbs 30:26). But the Law of Moses calls them unclean (Leviticus 11:5; Deuteronomy 14:7)—a label more appropriate to their idolatrous surroundings.
THE GOD-MAN ASKS A QUESTION NEAR CAESAREA PHILIPPI
Jesus brought His twelve disciples all the way up to the pagan region of Banias/Caesarea Philippi and asked them the question:
Who do people say that the Son of Man is?
The crowds, of course, saw Jesus as nothing more than a good man, a moral teacher, whom some would even call a prophet. Jesus narrowed the question:
But who do you say that I am?
His disciples responded they believed He was the Messiah of God (Matthew 16:13-16).
A short drive to the nearby Banias Falls allows one to hike down to the river and the marvelous waterfalls. It’s likely the sons of Korah wrote Psalm 42 of these falls as they claimed faith in God in spite of the opposition all around them:
Deep calls to deep at the sound of Your waterfalls;
All Your breakers and Your waves have rolled over me. . . .
As a shattering of my bones, my adversaries revile me,
While they say to me all day long, ‘Where is your God?’
Why are you in despair, O my soul?
And why have you become disturbed within me?
Hope in God, for I shall yet praise Him,
The help of my countenance and my God.
—Psalm 42:7, 10-11
Devotional Thought for Caesarea Philippi (Banias)
Read Matthew 16:13-17:2 and Psalm 42:7-11.
The Apostle Peter spoke for the disciples and answered Jesus’ question correctly: “You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God” (Matthew 16:16). So Jesus went on to share beyond who He was to what He would do. He would be killed and resurrected! Peter outright rejected the message of the cross, and instead opted for the promised kingdom.
In the Transfiguration that followed, Jesus revealed that He is indeed the glorious Messiah—but first would come the cross.
When the heavy weight of the cross bears down on our shoulders, the words of the sons of Korah can refresh us:
Why are you in despair, O my soul? And why have you become disturbed within me? Hope in God, for I shall yet praise Him, The help of my countenance and my God. —Psalm 42:7, 10-11
Tell me what you think: What do you expect from God? To leave a comment, just click here.
Caesarea Philippi (Banias) on the Map:
THE GREAT GOD PAN
Both Satanists and Wiccan witches adore and worship the Pagan god, Pan, the world’s most infamous sex predator! Pan is the embodiment of Rock ‘N’ Roll music!
Heavy Metal rocker and known Satanist, Ozzy Osbourne, has featured Pan on all of his recent album covers (2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008).Ozzy is bound for Hell. The Rock ‘N’ Roll industry is infamous for worshipping Pan, who is the very embodiment of Rock music. Pan represents Satan, which is what the ever-so-popular Satanic hand sign (more signs) shows, allegiance to the Beast, the coming Antichrist.
By Anthony Roe
Published at Beltane 1999
As a schoolboy looking through the pages of Picture Post, I remember being curious about the reproductions of paintings from the walls of Aleister Crowley’s Abbey in Sicily, uncovered by the underground filmmaker Kenneth Anger, who produced the Crowley inspired Pleasure Dome.
There was one picture taken in the Chamber of Nightmares, with the sexologist Kinsey strategically posed in the foreground. The picture of a goat was evident. In my youth I did not recognise Pan, the son of Hermes, the Arcadian god of lust and magic who seduces men and women with his pipes and wantonness, the symbol of the libido in its sexual aspect, vagrant male sexuality, the personification of undisciplined procreation in nature, But the image remained with me, and I subsequently learnt that the herdsmen of ancient Greece adored Pan, and discovered the magick in connection with him.
Looking at such gods of the simpler Greek communities, we find them often vague in their nature and sometimes limited in their functions to a far greater degree than the better-known deities. It is noteworthy that some at least of Pan’s worshippers were none too certain whether he was one or many; at all events, Aristophanes and Plato, to say nothing of later authors, have heard of the plural, Panes. But this is exactly what, under the circumstances, we should expect, and indeed find in several like cases. It is probable on the whole that his name means the Feeder or Pasturer. We can easily imagine that in Arcadia, where he was originally worshipped, many little groups of herdsmen devoutly adored each its divine Pasture, perhaps represented by some stick or stone set up in a holy place, and quite possibly each group was ready to proclaim the superiority of its own Pan to everyone else’s. This might well be so, whether the god had originally been conceived as a single being or a plurality, for local cults tend to break up in this way. Nothing can be more certain than that the Virgin Mary is one person in every kind of Christian theology, and no cult is more widespread in modern Greece than hers; but I have heard of a Chian peasant who proclaimed in emphatic and not over-delicate language that the Panaghia (the All-Holy One, her popular name ) of his village church could out do all other Panaghies whomsoever.
The same divine Pasturer was never a very exalted figure, nor always treated with profound respect, or what we should regard as such, even by those who worshipped him in all sincerity. His business (a god has his duties; even Zeus is commended for ‘doing well’ when he sends seasonable rain) was to keep his herdsmen-worshippers well supplied with meat. The obvious way to do this was to make their flocks and herds increase abundantly, and theirs were mostly small cattle, sheep and goats, especially, it would seem, the latter. Now the obvious increaser of a herd of goats is the he-goat, and a divine he-goat is essentially what Pan was supposed to be. When represented by an image at all, he regularly had goat’s legs and a shaggy beard, and his few legends make him out to be as lustful as his prototype.
His power was not unfailing, and, like that of not a few gods of sundry religions, might need stimulation and renewal at times. We know how this was done; if the meat supplies, whether got from the flock or by hunting, were scanty, the boys used to beat Pan tie his statue: or whatever object represented him) with squills (a liliaceous plant, scilla maritima, resembling the bluebell), a plant supposed to have the virtue of driving away evils. Thus they at once roused the god to further efforts and rid him, to the best of their ability, of whatever unlucky influence had hindered his activities. Later mythologers prepared a parentage for the Pasturer. Reckoned amongst the sons of Hermes was this great phallic god of the inhabitants of the Peloponnese, especially of Arcadia – a goat-horned, goat-legged god named Pan. In a story concerning Hermes set in Arcadia, Hermes pastured sheep for a mortal master, Dryops, ‘oak’ – the first Green Man – and whilst doing so fell in love with a local nymph. Hermetic desire found fulfilment, and a magic child was born, with goat’s feet and goat’s horns, crying and laughing.
When his mother had borne him, she sprang up and fled, leaving none to suckle the child, so terrified was she saw its wild and bearded face. Hermes picked up his son, wrapped him in a hare’s pelt, and hastily brought him to Olympus. He sat down beside Zeus and the other gods, and introduced his son to them. The immortals were delighted with the child – Dionysus most of all. They named him Pan because ‘all’ had been pleased with him.
In Greek ‘pan’ means ‘all’, and the god was later identified with the physical Universe – although his name, except for its sound, has nothing to do with this. The story just told suggests that Pan was one of the youngest generation of gods. But each generation of gods must have had its own Pan, seeing that there was already a Pan in Zeus’s cave, who helped Zeus against the Titans, or against Typhon, and seeing also, that a Pan was – together with Arcas – a son of Zeus and Callisto. The great poet and mythologian Aeschylus distinguished between two Pans; a son of Zeus, a twin brother of Areas; and a son of Kronos. The distinction between various Pans was also expressed in composite names such as Titanopan, Diopan, Hermopan – referring in each case to his father – or Aigipan, which was used by those who did not wish to assign any particular parentage to the god.
In the retinue of Dionysus, or in depictions of wild landscapes, there appeared not only a great Pan, but also little Pans, Paniskoi, who played the same part as the Satyrs. This resemblance to the Satyrs, of whom there must at first have been more than one, led to a dispersion and multiplication of the god Pan, who perhaps, when he originally came into being, had only a single twin brother and represented the darker half of a divine male couple. Pan belongs to that twilight world of satyrs, fauns, centaurs and sileni, who according to venerable tradition once thronged the globe, and whose descendants may still be glimpsed by the sensitive. (Crowley once confessed to having seen a faun peering at him from behind a tree at Fontainbleau.) These earlier stages of human evolution, the androgynous and semi-animal states, are yet recapitulated in the womb.
The characteristics that were ascribed to Pan in numerous lesser tales are well known: dark, terror-awakening, phallic, but not always malignant. He could, of course, sometimes be malignant, especially at noon, if he were awakened from his sleep. At night he led the dance of the nymphs, and he also ushered in the morning and kept watch from the mountain summits. Many love-stories were told of him, in which he pursued nymphs. These chases often had dramatic results. Syrinx turned herself into a reed-pipe, from which Pan fashioned the syrinx, a herdsman’s flute with a row of holes; Echo, chased by Pan, became a mere voice, mere refracted sound. But Pan’s greatest passion was for Selene. Of this affair it was told that the moon-goddess refused to company with the dark god. Whereupon Pan, to please her, dressed himself in white ram-skins, and thus seduced Selene. He even carried her on his back. It is however uncertain whether even in the earliest time it was necessary for him thus to change his shape in order to play the role of successful lover with a goddess who repeatedly lets herself be embraced by darkness. But the myth has traceable links with the ancient devotions of Egypt. Of all the Egyptians who were skilled in working magic. Nectanebo, the last native king of Egypt, about BCE 358, was the chief, if we may believe Greek tradition. When he saw that the end of the kingdom of Egypt was at hand, he shaved off his hair and his beard, disguised himself by putting on common apparel, took ship and fled to Pella in Macedonia, where he established himself as a physician and as an Egyptian soothsayer.
The historian Pseudo-Callisthenes tells us that there Nectanebus cast the nativity of the queen, Olympias, and sent a dream to the queen by means of a wax image. His object was to persuade the queen that the Egyptian god Amun (worshipped at Luxor in ithyphallic form in the guise or the fertility god Min) would come to her at night. Nectanebus also sent a dream to King Philip of Macedon, by means of a hawk that he had bewitched with magical words, and the king was satisfied that the child to whom his wife was about to give birth was the son of the god Amun (or Ammon) of Libya, who was regarded as the father of all the kings who ascended the throne of Egypt who did not belong to the royal stock of that country. The child was Alexander the Great.
When he conquered Egypt Alexander straightway resorted to the oasis of Siwa, to visit the shrine of Jupiter-Ammon. There he embraced the god and clothed himself in the skin of the sacred ram in which the god was incarnate. Medallions of the king ever after showed him crowned with the ram’s horns of kingship and divinity. Thus Greece succumbed to the wiles of Egypt, but hellenic ways were even so impressed upon the land of the Nile, and the goat would lie with the ram.
In an Orphic fragment preserved by Marobius, the names of Jupiter and Pan appear to be titles of the all-creating power of the sun, and Pan, the universal substance is called Kerastes, the horned Jupiter. According to Plutarch, the Jupiter-Ammon of the Africans was the same as the Pan of the Greeks. This explains the reasons why the Macedonian kings assumed the horns of that god; for, though Alexander pretended to be his son, his successors never pretended to any such honour; and yet they equally assumed the symbols, as appears from their medals. The case is, that Pan, or Ammon, being the universe, and Jupiter a title of the Supreme God, the horns, the emblems of his power, seemed the most proper symbols of that supreme and universal dominion to which they all, as well as Alexander, had the ambition to aspire.
Now Nectanebo had been a pharaoh in the XXXth dynasty, and had fought the battle of Mendes, a town in the Delta, Lower Egypt, now called Ashmoun, with Ataxerxes II, his suzerain, king of Persia, whom he had utterly defeated, and together with his army expelled from the Delta, Nectanebo forever after remained faithful to the local god. The town was sacred to the worship of the god Min and the ram Mendes. This devotion Nectanebo took with him when he fled to Greece. His god was identified with Pan. (The Greeks called Min’s city in the IXth nome of Upper Egypt Panopolis, today called Akhmim.) When the Ptolomies ruled Egypt after Alexander, Min was accepted as the Egyptian Pan, and the worship of the goat was conflated with that of the ram. This gave rise to the cult of the Goat of Mendes, infamous in the West as the incarnation of the Devil, the age-old arch rival to the slave masters of Christendom.
In dynastic times, the soul of Osiris was thought to be lodged in the sacred ram that was worshipped in the Western Delta town of Djedet, and was known as Ba-neb-Djedet (Ram-lord-of-Djedet), who remained a popular deity down to the Ptolomaic period. The Greeks garbled the last three syllables of Ba-neb-Djedet’s name into Mendes, and two Greeks in particular, the geographer Strabo and the poet Pindar, not to mention the Roman historian Diodorus of Sicily, made the Ram of Mendes famous. Pindar insisted that this Ram was permitted to have intercourse with women, a practice attested by Herodotus.
A tapestry fragment from Egypt of the fourth century CE, now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, shows Dionysus accompanied by Pan, who here carries the pedum (sheperd’s crook) and a faun-skin. In the background are pan-pipes. Both wear the haloes of divinity. Such ‘post-classical’ works bear witness to the cult of Pan all around the Meditteranean well into the Christian era. Whether this persisting iconography was supported by a continuation of the Mysteries is another question. They were probably limited to the great centres of urban civilization where his cult flourished most strongly, such as Alexandria, Athens, Pergamurn and Ephesus. The silver ‘Oceanus Dish’ from the Mildenhall Treasure, around 350-375ce, now in the British Museum, shows four lithe maenads dancing with Pan and his satyrs.
It was Margaret Murray who said that the gods of the old religion become the devils of the new. Jesus ended his life on earth in the southern part of Judea in Jerusalem. The death of Christ heralded the birth of a new religion which would bear his name. As this new religion grew and spread, all, or almost all, it came into contact with became its enemy. The common people, content in their style of worship were suddenly heathens, sinners and enemies of the one true God. The pair of opposites was now Paganism and Christianity. As Christ represents Christianity, Pan represents Paganism. Pan was soon to become the Christian Devil, Satan incarnate. But before this Christian conception took hold, Pan was a god.
What was there about this frolicking god of the glen that made him so odious to the new Christians? Wherein was he Satanic? Perhaps in his sexual exploits. He is known to have seduced several nymphs. He also boasted that he had coupled with all Dionysus’ drunken maenads.The episode related above wherein Pan seduces the Moon points to the Christian belief that Satan is able to disguise himself and seduce chaste women. The similarity between the Church Father Origen’s description of Satan and the features of Pan is very obvious.
Pan represented freedom of spirit, natural instincts, sinless love. In some parts of the world, prior to the advent of Christianity, women were free, untrammeled by rigid rules of moral conduct, and therefore, when the new religion made its debut, women were called sinful. “The Christians found the women of Europe free and sovereign,” says Elizabeth Davis in “The First Sex” (p 229). “The right to divorce, to abortion, to birth control, to property ownership, to the bearing of titles and the inheritance of estates, to the making of wills, to bringing suits at law, all these and many other rights were attrited away by the Church through the Christian centuries.” We must remember that the leaders of the early church were Jews, bred in the Hebraic tradition that women were of no account and existed solely to serve men. Orthodox Judaism of the time, like Saint Augustine of Hippo, taught that women had no souls.
Now we draw closer to the reason Pan might have been viewed as Satan, why the figure of Satan as handed down to us consists of goat’s feet, horns and black hair. (The statue of the god Min, the Egyptian Pan, was daubed black.) Pan came to represent the freedom of spirit and love of Nature which could be viewed only as works of the Devil. Pan and women were allies, friends, lovers. All were guiltless, without shame. As some scholars have it, guilt is the cornerstone of the early Christian faith. Woman was guilty by virtue of being woman. Saint Clement announced that “Every woman should be overwhelmed with shame at the very thought that she is woman.” Here we have it in a nutshell: pagans had no guilt, no shame, no sense of sin. Thus Pan became the paragon of guilt, the embodiment of sin, and the patron of that horrendous human weakness – sex. Obviously, like gods and goddesses, and rites and ceremonies before him, Pan had to be either syncretized, suppressed or subordinated. True to form, the Christian Fathers incorporated Pan into their pantheon – as Satan. Pan could not be annihilated for too many people loved, adored and worshipped him. He could not be extirpated from the hearts and minds of men and women. So he was simply ‘evilized’. This Christian act was felt everywhere; the repercussions were wide ranging. The Christian God was said to have killed Pan.
News of Pan’s death came to a man named Thamus, a pilot of a ship bound for Italy by way of Paxi. As Thamus was sailing along in the Aegean on a quiet evening, he heard a loud voice announcing that “Great Pan is dead”. This announced the end of Paganism; Pan with his pipes, the god of the natural, had yielded to the God of the supernatural. The story is told by a character in Plutarch’s dialogue “On why oracles came to fail”. When the boat Thamus was piloting came opposite Palodes, and there was neither wind nor wave, from the stern, looking toward the land, he said the words as he heard them: “Great Pan is dead”. Even before he had finished there was a great cry of lamentation, not of one person but of many, mingled with exclamations of amazement. As many persons were on the vessel, the story was soon spread abroad in Rome, and Thamus was sent for by Tiberius Caesar. Tiberius became so convinced of the truth of the story that he caused an inquiry and investigation to be made about Pan, and the scholars, who were numerous at this court, conjectured that he was the son born of Hermes and Penelope, based on the mystical conclusion that the numerological value of the name Pan equates to 131, the number of lovers reputedly entertained by Penelope.
The lifetime of Plutarch (CE 45-125), who took the myth seriously, coincides with the time in which almost all the books of the New Testament were written. Speculation about the death of Pan continued in the Renaissance and afterward. Rabelais thought that Pan was Christ, for ‘pan’ means ‘all’, and Christ is mankind’s all. Fontenelle, in his “Histoire critique des oracles”, considered the possibility that Jesus and Great Pan might be daemons of approximately the same rank, and that the death of one would affect the other. Even if the story of Great Pan has no foundation whatsoever, it seems to sum up the mood of an entire era and its historical truth is that of a myth, albeit a late myth. To many early Christians this was the beginning of the end of paganism, and by the late Middle Ages the ancient god of the Greeks was identified with the devil. Pan did not really die. If anything, this was wishful thinking on the part of early Christians. But that they truly believed Pan to be dead cannot be denied. It was with hope and expectation of better things that they proclaimed: “Great Pan is dead”. To them it prophesied the end of the world. The alleged death of Pan was not simply a matter of the end of ancient worship, the overthrow of the preceding faith, the eclipse of time-honoured religious forms, but the express hope that Nature is to disappear and life die out: the Gospel says “The day is at hand”; the Church Fathers say “Soon, very soon”. The disintegration of the Roman Empire and the inroads of the barbarian invaders raised such hopes in St Augustine’s breast, that soon there would be no city left but his City of God.
Yet how long a-dying the world is; how obstinately determined to live on. The old gods enshrined in the heart of nature, in the trees and streams, between the rocks and in the breeze, live on to confound the Church and cannot be driven out. Who says so? The Church herself – contradicting herself flatly. She first proclaimed them dead, then waxes indignant because they are still alive. Unable to kill them, the Church suffers the innocent-hearted to dress them up and disguise their true nature.
The nature and attributes of the god Pan, after ‘diabolization’, were added to the looming black figure of Satan. Century after century, by the threatening voices of Church councils, Pan was ordered to die, but he is as alive as ever. There are those who accept the definitions of the Church at face value, and in their stance against Christianity invoke devils and worship Satan. On the other hand there is that body of worshippers who call themselves witches, the worshippers of the Old Religion, the admirers of Pan. They still dance to the strains of his pipes.
In continental Europe, as well as in Britain, some worshippers of the ancient Celtic and Graeco-Roman gods had refused to convert to Christianity, and the rites they performed were interpreted as magical rites. The Celts worshipped a horned male god that may have reminded the Romans of the god Pan; a minor god to be sure, but one who could drive you into a ‘panic’ terror when you encountered him at noontime. This combination of horned gods, one Celtic, one classical, produced a very powerful deity around which the pagani rallied.
Up to the time of the Norman Conquest, records show that the people were openly pagan while their rulers may have been nominally Christian. A legal enactment could Christianize vast numbers of people even if they continued to practise the Old Religion. The enactment symbolized the Death of Pan, but the populace testified to his life. In his short history of Christianity, the author Marty tells us that it is possible that the Church’s prohibition against representing the Crucifixion as a lamb on a cross was due to the desire to differentiate the Christian from the heathen god. The lamb, being a horned animal, was liable to be confused with the horned deity of the pagans.
The Old Religion, the worship of the Horned God, was apparently a worthy opponent for Christianity. It is said that if the word ‘God’ were substituted for the word ‘Devil’ in all Christian-written material on Paganism one would have a fairly accurate account of the prevalence and intensity of Pagan worship. Christians stigmatized the worshippers as witches, called their god Satan, and turned their groves into churches. In the process they made Satan’s presence felt more, and increased his stature as well as the number of his so-called devotes. Witchcraft emerged as a black practice dangerous to followers of God.
It is in witchcraft that Pan – the symbol of Nature – still lives. His worship has ever lingered in field and fold. The new religion was left to the urban centres. Leland recorded the little prayers to Pan still intoned by devotees of ‘la vecchia religione’ in Tuscany. The Farrars use the name of Pan in their specimen rituals of “The Witches Way’, where he is still equated with Herne and Cernunnos. The dualistic philosophy of early Christian theologians only added to the problem of evil and helped create Satan. Beginning with the Fall of Rome in 476 CE, through the Dark and Middle Ages, the Age of Reason and the Renaissance, we find only the Christian conception of Satan. It is to this Satan, ‘history’ tells us, that men and women sold their souls. Any references made by early theologians to ancient history after the rise of Christianity were used to l’einforce this new Satan and to fortify belief in him. So effective was this inspired campaign that the social and religious rebels of today really believe they worship Satan, and traditionalists and religionists really believe Satan is the god of these non-Christians. Such fraternities and sororities have taken the inverted pentangle as their common sigil for His Satanic Majesty as being a vestigial representation or the goat physiognomy.
Thus, with complete credulity and perhaps justification, Pope Paul VI could say “So we know that this dark and disturbing Spirit really exists, and that he still acts with treacherous cunning.” This pronouncement was made in 1973. This year the Pope re-affirmed the traditional view of the Evil One. Thus the long and successful career of Satan, and hence the belief on the part of some sick souls that Satan can indwell, command, direct, use and destroy human life.
One of the first pagan sites to be re-consecrated at Rome was a temple on the Tiber island, the round Temple of Faunus, the Roman Pan, which Pope Simplicius (468-53 CE) named St Stephano Rotondo. Goats had been sacrificed there. The ancient myths were long remembered, even among those Christians with esoteric knowledge of the ancient mysteries. The grand master of Byzantine painting, who worked between 1300 and 1320 CE on the decoration of the Protaton church on Mount Athos, bore the name Panselinos, attesting knowledge of the ancient myth of Pan and the Moon Goddess. As in numberless instances in pagan art the pan-pipe is the regular accompaniment of the shepherd, so the Good Shepherd is, in Christian art, often represented with a pipe of seven reeds or straws, the classic syrinx of Pan. This primitive musical instrument with which shepherds were supposed to call back their flocks to the fold, like other pastoral emblems, soon began to be used in an allegorical sense by the early Fathers. Thus Gregory Nazianzen, after describing the anxiety of a shepherd, who, mounted on an eminence, fills the air with the melancholy strains of his pipe, recommends the spiritual pastor to follow his example and try to win souls to God by persuasion rather than the staff. The syrinx, or Pandaean pipes, was regarded as typifying the music of the Gospel, which recalls the wanderers and guides the sheep in the right way.
The Neoplatonist and Christian philosophers made Pan the synthesis of paganism. When he had lost his uncontrollable sexuality, he came to personify the grand totality of a state of being. Plutarch recorded the legend of sailors on the high seas hearing mysterious voices proclaiming the demise of Pan. No doubt the voices mourning among the waves did fortell the death of the old gods, epitomized in Pan, in the sense of the birth of a new age and one which made the Graeco-Roman world shiver with fear. The end of an era was portended. But memories of Pan remained in our sub-consciousness, sublimated but intact. Old Pan, the shepherds’ god, had half human, half animal shape; bearded, horned and hairy, lively, agile, swift and crafty, he expressed animal cunning. He preyed sexually upon nymphs and boys indifferently, but his appetite was insatiable and he also indulged in solitary pleasures. Sculptures retrieved from Herculaneum reveal his bestial pursuits. The gods gave him the name Pan, meaning ‘All Things’, not only because all things are to some extent like him in their greed, but also because he is a universal tendency incarnate. He is the god of All Things, doubtless indicative of the procreative current charging All Things, all Gods, or all Life.
Payne Knight says that the Lycaean Pan of Arcadia is Pan the Luminous; that is, the divine essence of light incorporated in universal matter. The Arcadians called him ‘the Lord of Matter’, as Macrobius rightly translates it. The ancient writer Damascius tells us that the Orphic deity Phanes-Jupiter was also called Pan, the ‘mingler of all things’. A late second century CE relief in Modena Museum shows this cosmic deity surrounded by a zodiacal mandala; a type of that which surrounds the Cosmic Christ in Majesty in medieval paintings. Pan is addressed in the Orphic Litanies as ‘the first-begotten love’, or creator incorporated in universal matter, and so forming the world. He is described as the origin and source of all things, as representing matter animated by the divine spirit. Lycaean Pan was the most ancient and revered God of the Arcadians, the most ancient people of Greece.
The modern occultist Kenneth Grant compares the Greek Pan, ‘All’, with the Latin ‘Omne’, the Sanskrit ‘Aum’, Egyptian ‘Amoun’ and Hebrew ‘Amen’, all designations of the Hidden God of the forest, the Abyss, the deep, the underworld; any region withdrawn and without the range of waking consciousness. Anciently Pan gave his name to the word ‘panic’, the terror which fills all nature and all beinigs when the feeling that this god is there disturbs the spirit and bewilders the senses.
The Arcadian god Pan is the best known Classical example of the dangerous presence dwelling just beyond the protected zone of the community boundary, ‘beyond the pale’; Sylvanus and Faunus were his Latin counterparts. (In Alexandrian times Pan was identified with the ithyphallic Egyptian divinity Min, who was, among other things, the guardian of desert roads.) The emotion that he instilled in human beings who by accident adventured into his domain was ‘panic’ fear, a sudden groundless fright. Any trifling cause then – the break of a twig, the flutter of a leaf – would flood the mind with imagined danger, and in the frantic effort to escape from his, own aroused unconscious the victim expired in a flight of dread. His worship spread from Arcadia to Athens immediately after the Athenian and Plataean victory over the Persians at Marathon in 480 BCE, because he made the Persians flee in panic.
Yet Pan was benign to those who paid him worship, yielding the boons of the divine economy of nature, bounty to the farmers, herders, and fisher-folk who dedicated their first fruits to him, and health to all who properly approached his shrines of healing. Also wisdom, the wisdom of Omphalos, the World Navel, was his to bestow; for the crossing of the threshold is the first step into the sacred zone of the universal source.
At Lycaion was an oracle, presided over by the nymph Erato, whom Pan inspired, as Apollo did the prophetess at Delphi. And Plutarch numbers the ecstasies of the orgiastic rites of Pan along with the ecstasy of Cybele, the Bacchic frenzy of Dionysus (the great Thracian counterpart of Pan), the poetic frenzy inspired by the Muses, the warrior frenzy of the god Ares-Mars, and, fiercest of all, the frenzy of love, as illustrations of the divine ‘enthusiasm’ that overturns the reason and releases the forces of the destructive-creative dark.
The condition as panolepsy was suffered by ancient Greeks from Athenian teenagers to mighty Socrates himself, whereby a person in the woods would be overcome by intense elation. This was considered possession by Pan. Some would run away into the woods and never return. Pan, as god of the hellenic witches, furnishes the traditional image of the Devil; hence he must have played an important role in magical ceremonies in later antiquity although the texts do not give a coherent picture of this development.
In his book on the Tarot, Frank Lind says of The Black Magician card that the central figure of the card is that of Pan, the god of Nature, the cause of man’s instinctive behaviour. In some Tarot sets the Devil is represented with the extremities of a goat – the he-goat being a prototype of Satan. The appearance of Satan as a goat was usual at the witches’ Sabbat. This Goat of Mendes, a combination of faun, satyr, and Pan-goat, became in medieval times a definite synthesis of the anti-divinity. At Mendes, the city of ancient Egypt, Pan under this form was worshipped with the greatest solemnity.
Liber Oz tells us that “there is no god but man”. Grant comments that the underlying doctrine is obvious. When a man, growing in consciousness by repeated acts of love under will, expands his consciousness to embrace all other consciousness, he becomes Pan, ie One with All. There is thus no essential difference between any one universe and any other. Once consciousness has become cosmic in scope the many selves vanish and the One Self alone remains. The process is detailed in the Divine Pymander of the Thrice-Greatest Hermes, the father of Pan: “After this manner, therefore, contemplate God, as having within himself the entire Cosmos – all thoughts or intellections. If thou dost not make thyself God-like, thou canst not know God; for like is intelligible only to like. Expand thyself unto the immeasurable greatest, passing beyond all body, and transcending time, enter Eternity, thus thou shalt know God. Conceive that nothing is impossible unto thee; think thyself immortal and able to know all – all sciences, all arts, the nature and way of life of every creature. Become higher than all height, lower than all depth; comprehend in thyself the qualities of all creatures, of fire and water, the dry and moist; and likewise conceive thyself to be in every place – in earth, in sea, in heaven, in the unbegotten, in the womb, in the young, in the old, in the dead, and in the after-death state. And if thou canst know all these things simultaneously – all times, places, deeds, qualities, and quantities – thou canst then know God.”
A well-documented invocation of Pan by Aleister Crowley occasioned The Paris Working, a series of operations carried out by him with Victor Neuberg, a poet who had published a slim collection entitled “The Triumph of Pan”. They trod violets with their bare feet to evoke the spirit of the glade through which trots the lustful Pan. (Traditionally Pan held a branch of pine, or was crowned with pine leaves.) The deity closest to Crowley’s heart, he was given the appropriate colour of crimson, the colour of Geburah (Strength), the fifth sephira of the Tree of Life in the Cabala, attributed to Mars. Geburah is also called Pachad (Terror), which suggests the God Pan (opines Grant) and the peculiar nature or the strength and terror associated with the god.
The manifestation of the God Pan occurs at high noon. In Crowleyanity this is the Secret Silver Star shining at noon in the depths of the earth. When Crowley was enthroned in Berlin as Baphomet, the title he assumed when he joined the OTO, he copied as his seal the Alexandrian gem displaying the conjoined ram and goat of Mendes-Pan, that he had garnered from the “Two Essays on the Worship of Priapus” by Richard Payne Knight. This was appropriate as Baphomet, like Pan, enjoined men to lust and enjoy all things of the senses. The figure of Ammon was compounded of the forms of the ram, as that of Pan was of the goat; the reason of this is difficult to ascertain, unless we suppose that goats were unknown in the country where his worship arose, and that the ram expressed the same attribute.
Pausanias says he knew the meaning of this symbol, but did not choose to reveal it, it being part of the mystic worship. Crowley’s seal design was based on an actual gem in the collection of Charles Townley, on which the head of the Greek Pan is joined to that of the ram of Ammon.
Orpheus and Hesiod composed hymns to Pan. Whilst in Moscow, Crowley wrote his own Hymn to Pan, his most effective poem, according to his biographer. Symonds says that as an evocation it achieves its aim, and was used during many a magickal operation. After two thousand years of Christianity one is thrown back by its ancient pagan frenzy; it is the dance of Pan and the dissolution of consciousness. This is the Dionysian aspect of life rediscovered by Nietzsche. Pan is the Antichrist, symbol of lust and magic. After the poet Louis Wilkinson recited the Hymn at Crowley’s funeral in the chapel at Brighton crematorium on 5th December 1947, the local Council declared: “We shall take all necessary steps to prevent such an incident occurring again”.
But the spirit of Pan yet walks abroad. In Egypt, away from the pyramids and the tour buses, in the vicinity of skhmim, where the god Min had his ancient cult centre Panopolis, crude phallic figurines are still set up in the fields. This custom is likely to go back to ancient times and the figures may be derived from the ithyphallic image of Min. They are probably used today because their sexuality is thought to stimulate crop growth and because an erect penis (Crowley’s ‘token erect of thorny thigh’) is thought to frighten away the evil spirits who threaten crops.
And in a ‘friendly pagan magazine from the East Midlands, a classified contact seeks ‘pictures of Pan for a tattoo’.
I can hear the echo of the Old Crow’s words:-
“Thrill with lissome lust of the light,
O manl My man!
Come careering out of the night
Of Pan! Io Pan!
Sources and References
Boreard, Philippe – The Cult of Pan in Ancient Greece, University of Chicago Press, 1988.Grant, Kenneth – Aleister Crowley and the Hidden God, Frederick Muller Ltd, 1973.Laurence, Theodor – Satan, Sorcery and Sex, Parker Publishing Company (NY), 1974.Payne Knight, Richard – Two Essays on the Worship of Priapus, privately printed, London, 1865.
Rose, H J – Ancient Greek Religion, Hutchinson’s University Library, 1946.
SOURCE: The great god pan
The Scriptures speak of an incident where Israel is led astray into sexual sin. The seriousness of this event is so significant, that God warns the Church in Revelations against this sort of idolatry. This post contains videos showing how this error is being propagated to our children today, but first we have to understand the Scriptural background.
The story unfolds in Numbers Chapter 22 as Israel is preparing to enter into the promised land. The King of the Moabites, Balak (which means “devastator”), feared that Israel would do to his people what had been done to others. He sought a prophet to curse Israel so that he could drive them out of the land.
The elders of Moab left with “rewards of divination” to hire Balaam, son of Beor (which means burning) who was a soothsayer. When Balaam seeks God about this request, God states that He will not curse Israel because they are blessed. Balaam then sends the men from Moab back on their way.
The King then sends more princes to Balaam with even greater promises. Balaam asks them to stay the night while he seeks God yet again. That night, God tells Balaam to go with the men IF they call upon him. Yet instead, Balaam rises in the morning and makes preparations to go. He did not wait for the men to call upon him as God commanded because he wanted what they had to offer. He is looking for a way to seem like he is being obedient while really doing what he wants to do.
As he goes, God places an angel in his path to block him. It is important to note that the Scriptures explicitly state that this angel was sent as “an adversary against him.” God was against Balaam at this point, and he was oblivious! Balaam could not see the angel until God enabled an ass to speak to him and then opened his eyes. This indicates that Balaam’s eyes had been blinded because of his sin. Although Balaam acknowledges his sin and offers to go back, the angel instructs him to continue, but to only say what God gives him to say.
After arriving in Moab, the King takes Balaam up to the high places of Baal (which means “lord” and was used as a reference to Satan). High places refer to the areas where idolatrous worship to other gods occurred. Balaam proceeds to make sacrifices to God from Baal’s place of worship in the hopes of getting a word from God. The word God gives is that of blessings for Israel and not curses.
King Balak takes Balaam to another high place called Pisgah (which means “cleft”). However they had to go through the fields of Zophim to get there. Zophim means “watchers”, which is also what the fallen angels who fathered the Nephilim are called in the Book of Enoch. Balaam repeats the same rituals in an attempt to curse Israel. Once again, God blesses and does not curse. In prefacing the blessing, Balaam says:
“God hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.” Numbers 23:21
Because Israel was upright before the Lord, Balaam’s attempts to curse the nation failed. They had been to the high places of Satan and invoked the presence of the Nephilim. Now, King Balak takes Balaam to yet another high place called Peor (meaning “cleft”). Here they repeat the sacrifices and petitions to God. Once again, God blesses Israel. Balaam also prophecies about the pending victories Israel will achieve.
Although Balaam could not curse Israel, he counsels King Balak on how he might get the upper hand over Israel because Balaam desperately wanted to receive the rewards Balak was offering. This is recounted in the following Scripture:
“But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumblingblock before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication.” Revelations 2:14
What was the stumbling block Balaam offered to King Balak? The worship of Baal-Peor. After Balaam departs from Moab, we see the ramifications of this instruction as Israel joins itself to Baal-Peor:
“Now Israel remained in Acacia Grove, and the people began to commit harlotry with the women of Moab. They invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. So Israel was joined to Baal of Peor, and the anger of the LORD was aroused against Israel.” Numbers 25:1-3
This caused a plague on the nation of Israel which resulted in 24,000 were slain.
“Look, these women caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to trespass against the LORD in the incident of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation of the LORD.” Numbers 31:16
Because of his deception in teaching others how to ensnare Israel in this sin, Israel later killed Balaam (Joshua 13:22) and he is set forth as an example of a false prophet.
“They have forsaken the right way and gone astray, following the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness.” II Peter 2:15
“Woe to them! For they have gone in the way of Cain, have run greedily in the error of Balaam for profit, and perished in the rebellion of Korah.” Jude 1:11
Lessons from Balaam
There are several lessons to be learned from this text:
- A spirit of whoredoms and abominations is also being released in the latter days to prevent you from obtaining the promises of God. This temptation happened to Israel right as they were prepared to enter the promised land. They had overcome 40 years in the wilderness and were right on the edge of victory.
- No one can take your Godly inheritance away from you, but you can compromise it through disobedience and idolatry. Remember, the Moabites were powerless against Israel until Israel opened up the door through sin.
- We must stay before God and ask that our motives and hearts be kept pure. If there is any part of you that still wants something from this world, you will find a way to skirt along God’s commands – giving an appearance of obedience, while you really seek after that which your heart is set upon. While we can try to fool others, even ourselves, we cannot fool God.
The Worship of Baal-Peor
Yet what was this worship of Baal-Peor and why did it draw such wrath from God?
Baal-Peor is a Moabite god who was worshipped with obscene rituals. The name means “Lord of the Opening” from Baal meaning owner/ husband and Peor coming from pa’ar meaning “open wide”.
“I found Israel Like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers As the firstfruits on the fig tree in its first season. But they went to Baal Peor, And separated themselves to that shame; They became an abomination like the thing they loved.” Hosea 9:10
The worship of Baal-Peor IS an abomination. Notice that those who join themselves to Baal-Peor also “become” an abomination before the Lord.
Another name for Baal-Peor is Belphegor who was depicted either as a beautiful naked woman or a bearded demon with open mouth, horns, and sharply pointed nails (the open mouth being an indicator of the sexual rites used to worship him). St. Jerome reported that statues of Baal-Peor he encountered in Syria depicted the god with a phallus in his mouth.
Legend has it that Satan sent Belphegor from Hell to validate a rumor that people were experiencing marital happiness on earth. Belphegor was able to report back that the rumor was baseless. In this depiction, Belphegor (Baal-Peor) is seen as an adversary against happy marriages.
The following video discusses more about the rituals of Baal-Peor worship and how it applies to life today.
The following video is another example that is not explicitly about Baal-Peor, but incorporates aspects of this worship.
Baal-Peor & Marriage?
After seeing these videos, some have asked us, “Are you saying that acts of sodomy are sinful, even in marriage?” While there are likely a number of mixed messages people give to this question, it is a sin – even in marriage. There are several reasons why.
- Sodomy is a sin. Similar to the meaning of Beor (Balaam’s father), the Hebrew word for Sodom literally means “burning”. Sodomy is defined as “anal or oral copulation with a member of the opposite sex; copulation with a member of the same sex; or bestiality.” The act is considered sodomy even when it pertains to the opposite sex. Heterosexuals who participate in this act are sodomites by the very definition of the word. It wouldn’t take long in reviewing the Scriptures to understand how God feels about sodomy. The Bible is not silent on this topic.
- It is idolatry. The word “sodomite” in the Old Testament is the word “qadesh” which means “male temple prostitute”. The female counterpart to that (the word “qĕdeshah”) is often translated as “harlot” or “whore”. Some say that God only disapproved of this act as it related to temple prostitution. Yet, the act itself is an act of idolatry no matter who performs it. One does not have to be a temple whore of Baal for the act to be sinful. On the contrary, one becomes a temple whore of Baal by doing the act.Holding true to the definition of the word sodomy, these temple prostitutes would perform homosexual acts on anyone, regardless of gender. The act itself was the means by which the participants were joined to or became one with Baal; the act itself was the means of worship by which Baal was sought to cross over and indwell the participants.
- The marriage bed should be kept in honor (Hebrews 13:4). Some assert that there is an anything goes mentality to intimacy in marriage because “the marriage bed is undefiled.” However the Bible prefaces that text by saying that marriage is first honorable. The text also states that fornication and adultery defiles the marriage bed. The word for fornication is the Greek word porneia which means illicit sexual intercourse. So sex acts that God deems as illicit are not acceptable just because it is practiced in the confines of a marriage. It defiles the marriage bed which should be held in honor. The question then becomes are acts of sodomy illicit?
- God gives us GOOD gifts (James 1:17). God does not give us gifts that would cause us harm. Therefore, we can look at the function, purpose, and design of certain acts to determine whether or not these would be considered natural in God’s eyes. If a sexual act is ordained by God (i.e. it is natural), then it would have certain inherent protections for the participants in the act.Design – The woman and man are given sexual parts that physically correlate to and fit each other. They are designed to meet together naturally, without forced manipulation. Protection – God designed protections into the body for this interaction. The lining of the uterus is designed to prevent the semen from entering into the blood stream of the woman. God does not provide the same protections for acts of sodomy. These acts can disrupt normal bodily functions and cause damage to bodily systems. There is also an element of danger involved in the act oral sex performed on women that can lead to death. It is not a protected act (in terms of the body’s design) the way that sexual intercourse is. Union – Man and woman being joined together sexually become one flesh only occurs during sexual intercourse. Procreation – Children can only result during sexual intercourse.We can see by its design, function, and purpose that sexual intercourse between a man and woman is a natural use of sex. All of these elements work together to provide a safe, enjoyable, and purposeful interaction. The same cannot be said for acts of sodomy.
- It is uncleanness. Apart from the physical uncleanness of the act, there is also a spiritual component. Romans Chapter 1 describes man’s degradation into reprobation. Man doesn’t just wake up one day reprobate, but there are a series of steps man takes further and further into sin. The sin immediately preceding homosexuality is men and women dishonoring their bodies between themselves with uncleanness. The word for “dishonor” in that text is a derivative of the word “honorable” in the Hebrews 13:4 text about marriage. This refers to all heterosexual sexual sin (oral copulation, anal copulation, bestiality, etc.).
- It is an “unnatural use”. Romans 1:26 states, “For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature.” The word “use” is the Greek word “chrēsis” which refers to use of the sexual parts of the woman. Note that there is a “natural” use and an “unnatural” use. What the women were doing with each other sexually was an unnatural use of that part of their bodies.Similarly, we are told in Romans 1:27 that the acts performed between the men was likewiseunnatural. “And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet.” Romans 1:26-27 not only condemns the affectionsthat draw men and women to the same gender (vile affections), it also condemns the acts that they performed as a result of these desires (against nature).
- It formats the mind to be asexual. The act itself is not gender-specific. In an attempt to validate homosexuality as a norm, Jamake Highwater’s book The Mythology of Transgression: Homosexuality as Metaphor states how the masculine and feminine depiction of Baal-Peor represents a bi-gender nature. He goes on to say, “During the worship of Baal-Peor, priests dressed as women and priestesses dressed as men.” The transgender cross-dressing is entirely consistent with the asexual nature of the act. Since it can be performed by anyone who has a mouth, gender becomes irrelevant. It is an intentional blurring of the sexes. That makes participation in this act a critical step for Satan to use in preparing man’s mind for the acceptance of homosexuality. This is discussed a little more in the post Turning the World Upside Down – Part 5.
God is able to give husbands and wives a fulfilling, exciting, and pleasurable intimate relationship because that is how He designed it to be. We sometimes forget that sex was God’s gift to married people…and He knows what He is doing.
Yet through the worship of Baal-Peor, Satan was able to ensnare the nation of Israel and he is still trying to do the same today.
EXPOSING SATANISM IN SOCIETY(Full-Length)
MIRRORED FROM: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MY8Nfzcn1qQ&t=1221s
The Out Of The Shadows documentary lifts the mask on how the mainstream media & Hollywood manipulate & control the masses by spreading propaganda throughout their content. Our goal is to wake up the general public by shedding light on how we all have been lied to & brainwashed by a hidden enemy with a sinister agenda.
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“Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law” is the Satanic philosophy derived by the founder of modern Satanism Aleister Crowley. In fact, it is the law stated in the Satanic Bible. These three videos expose how prevalent this demonic philosophy has crept into society. You can get this video in its entirety at the Apologetics Groups Official Website http://www.theapologeticsgroup.com . It is called Hell’s Bells 2.